Matthew Henry Complete CommentaryPsalms 130
on the Whole Bible
This psalm relates not to any temporal concern, either personal or
public, but it is wholly taken up with the affairs of the soul. It is
reckoned one of the seven penitential psalms, which have sometimes been
made use of by penitents, upon their admission into the church; and, in
singing it, we are all concerned to apply it to ourselves. The psalmist
I. His desire towards God,
II. His repentance before God,
III. His attendance upon God,
IV. His expectations from God,
And, as in water face answers to face, so does the heart of one humble
penitent to another.
|God's Regard to His Church.
A song of degrees.
1 Out of the depths have I cried unto
thee, O LORD.
2 Lord, hear my voice: let thine ears be attentive to the voice
of my supplications.
3 If thou, LORD, shouldest mark iniquities, O Lord, who shall
4 But there is forgiveness with thee, that thou mayest be
In these verses we are taught,
I. Whatever condition we are in, though ever so deplorable, to continue
calling upon God,
The best men may sometimes be in the depths, in great trouble
and affliction, and utterly at a loss what to do, in the depths of
distress and almost in the depths of despair, the spirit low and dark,
sinking and drooping, cast down and disquieted. But, in the greatest
depths, it is our privilege that we may cry unto God and be heard. A
prayer may reach the heights of heaven, though not out of the depths of
hell, yet out of the depths of the greatest trouble we can be in in
this world, Jeremiah's out of the dungeon, Daniel's out of the den, and
Jonah's out of the fish's belly. It is our duty and interest to cry
unto God, for that is the likeliest way both to prevent our sinking
lower and to recover us out of the horrible pit and miry clay,
II. While we continue calling upon God to assure ourselves of an answer
of peace from him; for this is that which David in faith prays for
Lord, hear my voice, my complaint and prayer, and let thy
ears be attentive to the voice both of my afflictions and of my
III. We are taught to humble ourselves before the justice of God as
guilty in his sight, and unable to answer him for one of a thousand of
If thou, Lord, shouldst mark iniquities, O Lord! who shall
stand? His calling God Lord twice, in so few words,
Jah and Adonai, is very emphatic, and intimates a very
awful sense of God's glorious majesty and a dread of his wrath. Let us
1. To acknowledge our iniquities, that we cannot justify ourselves
before God, or plead Not guilty. There is that which is remarkable in
our iniquities and is liable to be animadverted upon.
2. To own the power and justice of God, which are such that, if he
were extreme to mark what we do amiss, there would be no hopes of
coming off. His eye can discover enough in the best man to ground a
condemnation upon; and, if he proceed against us, we have no way to
help ourselves, we cannot stand, but shall certainly be cast. If God
deal with us in strict justice, we are undone; if he make remarks upon
our iniquities, he will find them to be many and great, greatly
aggravated and very provoking; and then, if he should proceed
accordingly, he would shut us out from all hope of his favour and shut
us up under his wrath; and what could we do to help ourselves? We could
not make our escape, nor resist not bear up under his avenging hand.
3. Let us admire God's patience and forbearance; we should be undone
if he were to mark iniquities, and he knows it, and therefore bears
with us. It is of his mercy that we are not consumed by his
IV. We are taught to cast ourselves upon the pardoning mercy of God,
and to comfort ourselves with that when we see ourselves obnoxious to
1. God's grace discovered, and pleaded with him, by a penitent sinner:
But there is forgiveness with thee. It is our unspeakable
comfort, in all our approaches to God, that there is forgiveness with
him, for that is what we need. He has put himself into a capacity to
pardon sin; he has declared himself gracious and merciful, and ready to
He has promised to forgive the sins of those that do repent. Never any
that dealt with him found him implacable, but easy to be entreated, and
swift to show mercy. With us there is iniquity, and therefore it is
well for us that with him there is forgiveness. There is a
propitiation with thee, so some read it. Jesus Christ is the great
propitiation, the ransom which God has found; he is ever with him, as
advocate for us, and through him we hope to obtain forgiveness.
2. Our duty designed in that discovery, and inferred from it:
"There is forgiveness with thee, not that thou mayest be made
bold with and presumed upon, but that thou mayest be feared--in
general, that thou mayest be worshipped and served by the children of
men, who, being sinners, could have no dealings with God, if he were
not a Master that could pass by a great many faults." But this
encourages us to come into his service that we shall not be turned off
for every misdemeanour; no, nor for any, if we truly repent. This does
in a special manner invite those who have sinned to repent, and return
to the fear of God, that he is gracious and merciful, and will receive
them upon their repentance,
And, particularly, we are to have a holy awe and reverence of God's
They shall fear the Lord, and his goodness); and then we
may expect the benefit of the forgiveness that is with God when we make
it the object of our holy fear.
|Encouragement to Trust in and Depend upon God.
5 I wait for the LORD, my soul doth wait, and in his word do I
6 My soul waiteth for the Lord more than they that watch for
the morning: I say, more than they that watch for the morning.
7 Let Israel hope in the LORD: for with the LORD there is
mercy, and with him is plenteous redemption.
8 And he shall redeem Israel from all his iniquities.
Here, I. The psalmist engages himself to trust in God and to wait for
1. His dependence upon God, expressed in a climax, it being a a song of
degrees, or ascents: "I wait for the Lord; from him I expect
relief and comfort, believing it will come, longing till it does come,
but patiently bearing the delay of it, and resolving to look for it
from no other hand. My soul doth wait; I wait for him in
sincerity, and not in profession only. I am an expectant, and it is
for the Lord that my soul waits, for the gifts of his
grace and the operations of his power."
2. The ground of that dependence: In his word do I hope. We must
hope for that only which he has promised in his word, and not for the
creatures of our own fancy and imagination; we must hope for it because
he has promised it, and not from any opinion of our own merit.
3. The degree of that dependence--"more than those that watch for
the morning, who are,
(1.) Well-assured that the morning will come; and so am I that God will
return in mercy to me, according to his promise; for God's covenant is
more firm than the ordinances of day and night, for they shall come to
an end, but that is everlasting."
(2.) Very desirous that it would come. Sentinels that keep guard upon
the walls, those that watch with sick people, and travellers that are
abroad upon their journey, long before day wish to see the dawning of
the day; but more earnestly does this good man long for the tokens of
God's favour and the visits of his grace, and more readily will he be
aware of his first appearances than they are of day. Dr. Hammond reads
it thus, My soul hastens to the Lord, from the guards in the
morning, the guards in the morning, and gives this sense of it, "To
thee I daily betake myself, early in the morning, addressing my
prayers, and my very soul, before thee, at the time that the priests
offer their morning sacrifice."
II. He encourages all the people of God in like manner to depend upon
him and trust in him: Let Israel hope in the Lord and wait
for him; not only the body of the people, but every good man, who
surnames himself by the name of Israel,
Let all that devote themselves to God cheerfully stay themselves upon
for two reasons:--
1. Because the light of nature discovers to us that there is mercy
with him, that the God of Israel is a merciful God and the
Father of mercies. Mercy is with him; not only inherent in his
nature, but it is his delight, it is his darling attribute; it is with
him in all his works, in all his counsels.
2. Because the light of the gospel discovers to us that there is
redemption with him, contrived by him, and to be wrought out in
the fulness of time; it was in the beginning hidden in God. See
(1.) The nature of this redemption; it is redemption from sin, from all
sin, and therefore can be no other than that eternal redemption which
Jesus Christ became the author of; for it is he that saves his
people from their sins
that redeems them from all iniquity
and turns away ungodliness from Jacob,
It is he that redeems us both from the condemning and from the
commanding power of sin.
(2.) The riches of this redemption; it is plenteous redemption;
there is an all-sufficient fulness of merit and grace in the Redeemer,
enough for all, enough for each; enough for me, says the believer.
Redemption from sin includes redemption from all other evils, and
therefore is a plenteous redemption.
(3.) The persons to whom the benefits of this redemption belong: He
shall redeem Israel, Israel according to the spirit, all those who
are in covenant with God, as Israel was, and who are Israelites
indeed, in whom is no guile.