Jesus Comforts His Disciples.
SUMMARY.--Belief as a Solace of Troubled Hearts.
The House of Many Mansions.
Christ the Way.
Christ the Manifestation of the Father.
Asking in Christ's Name.
How to Find the Father.
The Test of Love.
The Benediction of Peace.
1. Let not your heart be troubled. Just before him was
Gethsemane, the betrayal, the denial, the mock trial, the scourging and
the cross; but with these in full view, such are the wonders of his
love that he does not think of himself. He does not ask comfort, but he
gives it. His heart is full of the sorrow of his disciples over his
Believe also in me. They had believed in him, but they were so
confused over the prospect of his death and departure, they stumbled.
He bids them to believe in him as they believed in God; to trust him
even if they did not comprehend; to walk by faith rather than by sight
through the darkness of that hour. To understand these words, the
confusion, sorrow and despair of his disciples over his death must not
2. In my Father's house are many mansions. By the "Father's
house" is meant the heavenly abode. He is about to return there, from
whence he had come.
I go to prepare a place for you. If the separation was to be an
eternal one, he would have forewarned them. Rather, he goes before to
prepare a home for them where they can all be together. The departure
of Jesus was needful to open an entrance to them and use.
3. I will come again, and receive you unto myself. The reference
is not to Christ's return from the grave, but to a return from heaven,
the second coming of the Lord, which is a part of the Christian faith.
1 Thess. 4:17; Phil. 1:23.
6. I am the way, the truth, and the life. This is said in reply
to Thomas. Without him there would be no Way revealed; no divine and
saving truth, no immortal life.
No man cometh to the Father, but by me. Not only can no one
enter the Father's house without him, but no man can come to the Father
on earth so as to enjoy his favor. "There is no other name given under
heaven among men whereby we must be saved."
7. If ye had known me, ye should have known my Father also. The
great truth declared is that the way to study God and know him is to
From henceforth ye know him, and have seen him. From the cross.
On the next morning they would see Christ dying. From the sepulcher
would burst forth upon their minds a new revelation of the character
and mission of the Son.
8. Shew us the Father, and it sufficeth us. Philip fails to
comprehend that the Father was to be seen in Christ, and when the Lord
declares that henceforth they have seen the Father, he at once requests
such a revelation.
9. He that hath seen me hath seen the Father. Philip wanted a
literal sight of God with the natural eyes, when God incarnate had been
present with him for three years, manifesting the mind, the purity, the
saving power, the fatherly tenderness, the unutterable love of the
10. Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in
me? There was the completest union of the personalities of the Son
and the Father. We may never on earth comprehend fully its nature, but
we can understand it to be so complete that he was the manifestation of
God in the flesh
12. Greater works than these shall he do, because I go to my
Father. Those who believe shall have power given to do works, in
some respects greater; not greater miracles, but to effect greater
moral and spiritual revolutions. At the time of his death, as far as we
know, he had only about five hundred disciples,
but he "went to his Father" and "shed forth the things seen and heard"
and the eleven apostles converted three thousand in a single day.
13, 14. And whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, that will I do.
What man would dare to make such a promise? It will be noted,
that in order to enjoy the fullness of these glorious promises we
must, (1) Believe. They are limited thus in
Without faith it is impossible to please God. (2) We must ask in his
name, or, in dependence upon the merit and intercession of Christ.
(3) As shown elsewhere, we must come with a spirit of complete
submission to the Father's will, feeling that his will is best, and
saying in our hearts, "Thy will be done."
15. If ye love me, keep my commandments. Keeping the
commandments will be the result if we love him. The Revision gives the
Obedience is the fruit of love.
16. I will pray the Father. Rather, "request." The Greek word
is not the one used when we are bidden to pray.
The creature prays; the Son requests.
He shall give you another Comforter. The Holy Spirit; the
Helper. The latter word more nearly expresses the idea of the Greek
than the word "Comforter."
Abide with you for ever. The Lord had been with them over three
years, but is about to depart. Henceforth he will abide with them, not
in person, but by the Holy Spirit that he shall send. Through this
agency he will be with his people "always."
17. The Spirit of truth. So called, because he leads into all
truth, and speaks the truth. See
1 Cor. 2:4; 1 Thess. 1:5.
He also bears witness of the truth. See
Acts 2:4; 5:32; Heb. 2:4.
Whom the world cannot receive. Because he only dwells in a heart
prepared for him by faith and obedience. "God gives the Holy Spirit to
them who obey him"
18, 19. I will not leave you comfortless. They shall not be left
desolate by his departure, because "he will come again"
to be with them always, in the Spirit. He will be a living Savior, and
they will have his life.
20. At that day ye shall know. "That day" began on Pentecost.
There was no more doubting after the Holy Spirit was sent. "That day"
still comes to every soul that wholly surrenders to the will of Christ
21-23. He that hath my commandments, etc. The conditions on
which Christ will be present in each soul, seen, and enjoyed, are here
given: (1) One must love Christ; (2) so love him that he will
obey from the heart his commandments; (3) this loving, obedient soul
will be loved of the Father; (4) Christ will love him; (5) both the
Father and the Son will manifest themselves to him; (6) this
manifestation is by their coming and abiding in him through the
26. The Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost. More correctly, Holy
He shall teach you all things. A special promise to the
apostles, which fitted them to preach the Gospel authoritatively and
leave behind them the records of the New Testament.
27. Peace I leave with you. A parting benediction. That night he
was to be seized and taken from them.
28. If ye loved me, ye would rejoice. A gentle rebuke. Their
desire that he should not go away was due, in part at least, to selfish
30. The prince of this world cometh. The worldly powers of which
Satan is prince.
31. That the world may know that I love the Father. His
obedience in the hour of trial demonstrated that he so loved the Father
that he sought not his own, but the Father's will.