The Risen Lord at the Sea of Galilee.
SUMMARY.--The Disciples Fishing in Galilee.
Jesus Seen on the Shore.
The Miraculous Draught of Fish.
Lovest Thou Me More Than These?
Peter's Manner of Death Foretold.
If He Tarry Till I Come.
1. After these things. Compare
Matt. 28:7; Mark 16:7.
Sea of Tiberias. Another name of the Sea of Galilee. The
disciples had been commanded by the Savior to gather in Galilee
2. There were together. Seven disciples are named, most of whom,
if not all, belonged to that very neighborhood. Nathanael is named in
The rest were apostles, and many suppose that Nathanael was also; the
same as the one called "Bartholomew," which only means "the son of
Tholmaius." Nathanael is thought to have been the son of Tholmaius.
3. Simon Peter saith, . . . I go a fishing. His old calling.
4. When the morning was now come. The Revision is correct: "When
the day was now breaking."
7. It is the Lord. Until the net was thus filled, the Lord was
not recognized in the dim light. John first knew him.
Two hundred cubits. About one hundred yards.
12, 13. And none . . . durst ask him, Who art thou? The
disciples knew that it was the Lord, but there was something in his
mien, his majesty, his altered appearance, that amazed them, filled
them with awe, and prevented them from asking questions that they were
curious to know.
14. The third time that Jesus shewed himself to his disciples.
John does not say that this was the third appearance of Jesus,
but the third time he had showed himself to the disciples, or
apostles, for that is the sense in which disciples is here, and often,
used. The first time was his appearance to the ten apostles, on the
evening of the day of the resurrection
The second was to the eleven (Thomas was now present) one week later
15. Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? At the
close of the feast, the Lord turned to Peter with this question, one
that he repeated twice.
On the night of the betrayal, when Christ intimated that his disciples
would forsake him in the trial he was about to suffer, Peter spoke up
and asserted that though all others forsook him he would never forsake
What Christ had said might be true of the rest, but he was so loving,
faithful and true, that he would die for him. Yet before the cock crow
of the next morning he had thrice denied that he knew Jesus, even with
his oaths. Such was the collapse of the confident disciple who "loved
the Master better than these" other disciples. Since that fall, Christ
had met with Peter among the rest of the disciples, but had not
referred to this subject, but now has come the time for a restoration
of Peter. Hence, he probes him with the question, "Lovest thou me more
than these?" That question would at once recall to Peter his boastful
claim, his awful fall, and would pierce him to the heart. He no longer
claims that he is the truest of the apostolic band, does not even
affirm confidently, but answers, "Thou knowest my heart; thou knowest
that I love thee." Then said the Savior,
Feed my lambs.
16. Feed my sheep. A second time the Lord probes Peter with the
question. Let it be noted that he does not call him Peter, "the
any longer. So frail a disciple could only be called Simon. The Christ
again commissions him to work, "Feed my sheep." Not only the lambs, but
he may look after the sheep of the fold, watch over the disciples of
the Lord, young and old. Three times Peter had denied the
three times the Master questions his love; three times he gives him
charge concerning his work.
The questioning was painful, Peter was grieved, but the grief was
wholesome, and Peter's whole subsequent life bore proof of the
discipline. His rashness was forever gone.
18. When thou wast young, thou girdest thyself. Peter had denied
his Master to save his own life. Now that he is reinstated in the old
confidence and charged with the Master's work, he is told that he will
be called on to die for it. He will be girded, not with a girdle, but
with bonds, and he shall be led where he would not, unto death.
19. By what death he should glorify God.
These two verses
can only be understood as declaring that Peter should die the death of
a martyr. John wrote after Peter's death, and may be understood as
affirming that he did thus "glorify God." The universal testimony of
the ancient Church is that he did thus die. It is asserted that Peter
was crucified, a fact that is probable, as he was not a Roman citizen.
Follow me. He had once forsaken Christ through fear of death.
Now, with a prospect of violent death before him, he is bidden to
resume the Master's work and to follow him. He did this, from this
22. If I will that he tarry till I come. This is spoken of John,
and the words have caused much discussion. They surely convey the idea
that John would remain on the earth, after the other apostles depart,
until the Lord came once more. He did linger long after all the other
apostles were gone. It is the testimony of church history that he did
not die until about the close of the first century, many years after
the other apostles were at rest. He tarried; did the Lord come
to him? At least sixty years after the Lord spoke these words John was
an exile on the isle of Patmos. There on the Lord's day he writes: "I
heard a great voice,"
and "I saw one like the Son of man,"
blazing in such glory that, filled with awe, he "fell at his feet as
Then follow these words of the Savior, the seven letters, and the
visions of Revelation. Here was a visible coming and John tarried until
that coming. He alone of the Twelve saw the Lord, after his ascension,
once more on the earth.
23. Went this saying abroad. At the time John wrote these words
he did not understand just what the saying might mean.
24, 25. We know that his testimony is true. Many suppose the
last two verses were added by another hand than John's, perhaps by the
elders of the church at Ephesus, where John wrote, who give their
endorsement to his record.
I suppose. An opinion of the endorsers, or rather a hyperbole.
It is added to show how little comparatively of the words and works of
that wonderful life have been recorded.