SUMMARY.--Jesus Brought Before Pilate.
Acquitted by Pilate.
On the Clamor of Priests Sent to Herod.
Silent Before Herod.
Sent Again, Arrayed as a King, to Pilate.
Examined a Second Time and No Fault Found.
Barabbas Demanded Instead of Christ.
Pilate Yields and Sends Jesus to Be Crucified.
The Weeping of the Daughters of Jerusalem.
Mocked on the Cross.
The Penitent Thief.
The Death of Jesus.
1-25. The Trial Before Pilate. Described in
Mark 15:1-23; John 18:28-19:16.
See notes on
Led him to Pilate. The Sanhedrim, after a private conference,
came in a body to accuse Jesus of sedition.
Forbidding to give tribute to Cæsar. This was utterly
That he is Christ a king. This was true, but not in the sense
they made the charge. He did not claim to be an earthly king.
I find no fault in him. This decision was given after an
examination of Jesus
In this Jesus explained to Pilate that his kingdom was
not of this world.
He sent him to Herod. Herod Antipas, tetrarch of Galilee. The
Jews in their clamor against Pilate's decision declared that Jesus was
of Galilee; so he thought to get out of his difficulty by turning Jesus
over to Herod, who was now in Jerusalem to attend the passover.
Herod . . . was exceeding glad. That he might gratify his
curiosity to see Jesus. This was the Herod who had murdered John the
Herod . . . mocked him. Pilate was a better man than Herod.
Though he yielded weakly to the clamor, he was not a trifler.
Herod and Pilate became friends. Because of Pilate's
courtesy in sending Herod a prisoner that belonged to his province. Why
they were enemies is not stated.
Nor yet Herod. These words occur in another effort of Pilate
to release Jesus, and imply that Herod had sent word that he found no
guilt in the prisoner.
I will therefore chastise him. This was an effort to make a
compromise. To gratify and save the pride of the Sanhedrim he will
chastise an innocent man and then let him go.
Release unto us Barabbas. See notes on
for the choice of Barabbas rather than Christ.
26-49. The Crucifixion. Compare
Mark 15:21-41; John 19:17-30.
See notes on
A great multitude of people, and of women. This shows that,
although awed, Jesus had many sympathizers in Jerusalem.
Daughters of Jerusalem. These weeping women belonged to the
Weep for yourselves. In this hour of trial his heart is broken
for the woes coming upon them in the speedy destruction of Jerusalem.
If they do these things in the green tree, what shall be done in
the dry? A proverb, meaning here, "If the rulers and the Romans
crucify the Messiah of the nation, the Hope of Israel, what shall they
do to the nation itself?" What they would do was seen in less than
Father, forgive them. This prayer for his murderers is
reported only by Luke. It was evidently uttered just after he was
nailed to the cross. What divine love in a prayer springing right out
of the depth of his physical suffering!
They know not what they do. Know not that they reject and slay
their own Messiah; know not that, in this act, they doom their city and
nation to destruction. "He made intercession for transgressors"
They parted his raiment. The executioners cast lots for it. See
One of the malefactors. Matthew and Mark represent the
malefactors as mocking him.
It may be that only one spoke, apparently for both, or that both spoke
at first, and then one was silent.
Art not thou the Christ? That Jesus did not save himself and his
companions in suffering seemed to this malefactor to prove that this
was not the Christ.
Seeing thou art in the same condemnation. For sedition
and rebellion; the one probably of which Barabbas was leader. Christ
was condemned as a seditious person, but the malefactor knew that he
had no part. He "had done nothing amiss."
Lord, remember me. This prayer indicates faith in Jesus as
the Christ, a faith that overcomes the cross, and sees Jesus a victor
over death, in his kingdom. Such faith was
mighty to save.
To-day shalt thou be with me in paradise. On the cross
together, the evil doer, who believed in the Crucified One, shall be
with Christ in paradise. He was no doubt a Jew, perhaps knew somewhat
of Christ before, and was saved by the power and word of Christ,
before, and was saved by the power and word of Christ, as he saved the
woman that was a sinner
So he still saves. If we comply with the conditions of his word, as
preached by the apostles in the Gospel of the Risen Savior, we will be
There was a darkness. See note on
Cried with a loud voice. He said: "Eloi, Eloi, lama
This was followed by, "It is finished"
and the words here, Father into thy hands, etc.
47, 48. See notes on
50-56. On The Burial of Jesus, see notes on
Mark 15:42-47 and John 19:36-42.
A counsellor. A member of the Sanhedrim.
Had not consented to their counsel. Neither Joseph nor
Nicodemus could have been present when Jesus was condemned, and perhaps
That day was the preparation. For the Passover, see
This shows that the Jews had not yet eaten their passover.