SUMMARY.--The Women at the Tomb.
The Empty Sepulcher.
The Message of the Angel.
Mary Magdalene Sees the Risen Lord.
The Message to the Disciples.
Seen of Two Disciples at Emmaus.
Appears to the Eleven.
Rebukes Their Unbelief.
Gospel for All the World.
Received into Heaven.
1. When the sabbath was past. Compare
Luke 24:1-11; John 20:1-10.
As Mark's account is peculiar in some things, I add some notes. The
Sabbath ended at sunset; the women then made their preparations to
visit the tomb at dawn.
Might come and anoint him. This shows that they did not expect
his resurrection. The Jews were wont, as a mark of honor, to surround
the body in the tomb with fragrant spices. Nicodemus
(John 19:39, 40)
had brought spices. Perhaps the women did not know this; perhaps they
wished, in addition, to render their own loving service.
3. Who shall roll away the stone? They were not aware of the
deputation of the Jewish rulers which had gone to Pilate and secured
the sealing of the stone and the setting of the watch over the tomb
and their only anxiety was how they would get the great stone, with
which the rock-cut sepulcher was closed, rolled away.
4. Looked. Rather, looking up. They may have been looking
down before, absorbed in the conversation. The tomb was probably above
them, cut horizontally in the face of the rock at a slight
5. And entering into the sepulchre. Mary Magdalene, seeing the
stone rolled away, and supposing the body had been removed by the Jews,
runs to find Peter and John
(John 20:1, 2).
The other women proceed to the sepulcher, and enter.
Saw a young man.
calls him an angel.
says that there were two who "stood;"
i. e., appeared suddenly. Besides, they might easily have
both sat and stood during the interview; might have been both outside
and inside at different moments, and they might have been seen both
singly and together in the sudden and shifting
6. He is risen. Through woman death was first introduced into
the world; to woman the first announcement was made of the
7. Tell his disciples and Peter. Observe that as Christ's first
appearance is to Mary Magdalene
out of whom he had cast seven devils,
so his special message is to Peter, who had denied him.
A touching commentary on our Savior's saying that he came to save
8. Neither said they anything to any man; i. e., on their way
to tell the disciples. "For," says Dr. Wells, "they were afraid to
stay, and not to hasten all they could to the apostles." They were in a
tumult of commotion, and could not pause by the way to speak to
9. Now when he had risen. The remainder of the chapter is not
found in the Vatican or Siniatic Greek MSS., but is found in the
Alexandrian. These are the three oldest and most reliable MSS.
Some hold these verses to be a later addition, but as they are found in
all the most ancient versions they must have been a part of Mark's
Gospel when the first century ended. Schaff, Plumptre, Olshausen,
Lochman and others regard them genuine, while other critics consider
them doubtful. A circumstance in their favor is that the Vatican
MS. has a vacant space for them. It seems probable that in an
early copy, therefore, they were omitted for some cause by a copyist
who left space for them, but did not afterwards fill it, and that the
Siniatic MS. was made from the mutilated copy. It is clear that
was not designed to conclude Mark's narrative.
He appeared first to Mary Magdalene. This appearance is
described more fully in
10. And she went. While she was going to tell the disciples,
Jesus appeared to the other women, who had started before on the same
(Matt. 28:9, 10).
11. They . . . believed not. Their disbelief was overruled for
good, for it furnishes abundant proof that they did not invent
the story of the resurrection.
12. Jesus next appeared to Peter
(Luke 24:34; 1 Cor. 15:5).
After that. On the afternoon of the
same day (Sunday)
He appeared in another form.
explains this by saying that their eyes were holden. If their eyes were
influenced, of course, optically speaking, Jesus would appear in
13. And they went. Back to Jerusalem, to the upper room where
the ten disciples were assembled
And told it. They related their whole interesting interview.
14. He appeared to the eleven themselves. Compare
15. He said unto them. Probably not at the time referred to in
but later. The Lord appeared many times during the forty days. These
words may have been spoken at the great meeting in Galilee
(verse 7; Matt. 28:18-20).
Go into all the world. Jesus is the world's Savior; he died
for all; the gospel must be preached to all. In the first commission
they were sent only to Jews.
Preach the gospel. The good news of salvation through Christ;
the way of life.
To every creature. To every mortal. None are denied the Savior
if they will have him.
16. He that believeth. Believeth the gospel message; believes in
Christ as his Savior.
And is baptized. These are the conditions of pardon; faith in
Christ and obedience to his command. If any one has not faith enough in
Christ to obey him he has not faith enough to be saved.
He that believeth not. Remains in a state of unbelief. Such have
no promise. See
17. These signs shall follow them that believe. It is generally
held that this is a promise limited to the apostolic age and to a few
of the disciples of that age. Perhaps the plural them does not
have for its antecedent the singular he in
but the plural them in
If it does not, why is the number changed in
verses 15 and 16?
The grammatical construction requires us to look to
for the antecedent of them in
the apostles are "upbraided for their unbelief because they believed
not them who had seen him after he had arisen." They are commanded to
go and tell the glad story, and assured that miraculous credentials
shall be given to those of "them who believe" and tell the wonderful
In my name shall they cast out devils, etc. See
5:16; 8:7; 16:18; 28:3.
19. After the Lord had spoken unto them. The words above, and
other words recorded in the other Evangelists.
He was received up into heaven. In
it says, "a cloud received him out of their sight." He did not fade
away from sight, but a cloud came as a veil between him and the eyes of
the gazing disciples. The cloud can be pierced by the eye of faith, and
our Lord seen interceding for us at the right hand of God.
20. They went forth, and preached everywhere. Acts of the
Apostles is the history of their preaching. It should be studied to see
how the Apostles understood and preached the Commission of the Lord.
The Commission of Christ is to his Church; its field is the world; its
work is to preach the gospel; its congregation embraces every creature;
its offer is a free and full salvation; the conditions of salvation are
faith in Christ, and obedience to him; the consequence of rejecting
Christ's salvation is eternal condemnation.