Robertson's Word Pictures of the New TestamentHebrews 4:14
- A great high priest (arxierea megan).
- The author now takes up the main argument of the Epistle, already alluded to in 1:3; 2:17; 3:1, the priestly work of Jesus as superior to that of the Levitical line (4:14-12:3). Jesus is superior to the prophets (1:1-3), to angels (1:4-2:18), to Moses (3:1-4:13), he has already shown. Here he only terms Jesus "great" as high priest (a frequent adjective with high priest in Philo) but the superiority comes out as he proceeds.
- Who hath passed through the heavens (dielhlutota touv ouranouv).
- Perfect active participle of dierxomai, state of completion. Jesus has passed through the upper heavens up to the throne of God (1:3) where he performs his function as our high priest. This idea will be developed later (6:19; 7:26-28; 9:11,24).
- Jesus the Son of God (Ihsoun ton uion tou teou).
- The human name linked with his deity, clinching the argument already made (1:1-4:13).
- Let us hold fast our confession (kratwmen thv omologiav).
- Present active volitive subjunctive of kratew, old verb (from kratov, power), with genitive to cling to tenaciously as here and 6:18 and also with the accusative (2 Thessalonians 2:15; Colossians 2:19). "Let us keep on holding fast." This keynote runs all through the Epistle, the exhortation to the Jewish Christians to hold on to the confession (3:1) of Christ already made. Before making the five points of Christ's superior priestly work (better priest than Aaron, 5:1-7:25; under a better covenant, 8:1-13; in a better sanctuary, 9:1-12; offering a better sacrifice, 9:13-10:18; based on better promises, 10:19-12:3), the author gives a double exhortation (4:14-16) like that in 2:1-4 to hold fast to the high priest (14) and to make use of him (16).
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright © Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Hebrews 4:14". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/rwp/view.cgi?book=heb&chapter=004&verse=014>. Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960.