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Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament

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Hebrews 4:14

A great high priest (arxierea megan).
The author now takes up the main argument of the Epistle, already alluded to in 1:3; 2:17; 3:1, the priestly work of Jesus as superior to that of the Levitical line (4:14-12:3). Jesus is superior to the prophets (1:1-3), to angels (1:4-2:18), to Moses (3:1-4:13), he has already shown. Here he only terms Jesus "great" as high priest (a frequent adjective with high priest in Philo) but the superiority comes out as he proceeds.

Who hath passed through the heavens (dielhlutota touv ouranouv).
Perfect active participle of dierxomai, state of completion. Jesus has passed through the upper heavens up to the throne of God (1:3) where he performs his function as our high priest. This idea will be developed later (6:19; 7:26-28; 9:11,24).

Jesus the Son of God (Ihsoun ton uion tou teou).
The human name linked with his deity, clinching the argument already made (1:1-4:13).

Let us hold fast our confession (kratwmen thv omologiav).
Present active volitive subjunctive of kratew, old verb (from kratov, power), with genitive to cling to tenaciously as here and 6:18 and also with the accusative (2 Thessalonians 2:15; Colossians 2:19). "Let us keep on holding fast." This keynote runs all through the Epistle, the exhortation to the Jewish Christians to hold on to the confession (3:1) of Christ already made. Before making the five points of Christ's superior priestly work (better priest than Aaron, 5:1-7:25; under a better covenant, 8:1-13; in a better sanctuary, 9:1-12; offering a better sacrifice, 9:13-10:18; based on better promises, 10:19-12:3), the author gives a double exhortation (4:14-16) like that in 2:1-4 to hold fast to the high priest (14) and to make use of him (16).

 


Copyright Statement
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright © Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)

Bibliography Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Hebrews 4:14". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/rwp/view.cgi?book=heb&chapter=004&verse=014>. Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960.

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