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Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament

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 Verse 28
Chapter 2
Verse 30
Chapter 4

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Additional Resources
 • Adam Clark Commentary
 • Burton Coffman
 • Barnes' New Testament
 • Darby's Synopsis
 • Gill's Exposition
 • Geneva Study Bible
 • Jamieson, Fausset, Brown
 • John Lightfoot Commentary
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 • People's New Testament
 • The Fourfold Gospel
 • Treasury of Scripture
 • Wesley's Explanatory Notes
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John 3:29

The bridegroom (numpiov).
Predicate nominative without article. Both numph (bride) and numpiov are old and common words. Jesus will use this metaphor of himself as the Bridegroom (Mark 2:19) and Paul develops it (2 Corinthians 11:2; Ephesians 5:23-32) and so in Revelation ( 19:7; 21:2). John is only like the paranymph (paranumpiov) or "the friend of the bridegroom." His office is to bring groom and bride together. So he stands expectant (esthkwv, second perfect active participle of isthmi) and listens (akouwn, present active participle of akouw) with joy (

rejoiceth greatly}, xarai xairei, "with joy rejoices") to the music of the bridegroom's voice. {This my joy therefore is fulfilled (auth oun h xara peplhrwtai).
Perfect passive indicative of plhrow, stands filled like a cup to the brim with joy.


Copyright Statement
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright © Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)

Bibliography Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on John 3:29". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". <>. Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960.


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