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Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament

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John 10:10

But that he may steal, and kill, and destroy (ei mh ina klepshi kai tushi kai apoleshi).
Literally, "except that" (ei mh) common without (Matthew 12:4) and with verb (Galatians 1:7), "if not" (literally), followed here by final ina and three aorist active subjunctives as sometimes by otan (Mark 9:9) or oti (2 Corinthians 12:13). Note the order of the verbs. Stealing is the purpose of the thief, but he will kill and destroy if necessary just like the modern bandit or gangster.

I came that they may have life (egw hlton ina zwhn exwsin).
In sharp contrast (egw) as the good shepherd with the thieves and robbers of verse 1 came Jesus. Note present active subjunctive (exwsin), "that they (people) may keep on having life (eternal, he means)" as he shows in 10:28. He is "the life" (14:6).

And may have it abundantly (kai perisson exwsin).
Repetition of exwsin (may keep on having) abundance (perisson, neuter singular of perissov). Xenophon (Anab. VII. vi. 31) uses perisson exein, "to have a surplus," true to the meaning of overflow from peri (around) seen in Paul's picture of the overplus (upereperisseusen in Romans 5:20) of grace. Abundance of life and all that sustains life, Jesus gives.

 


Copyright Statement
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright © Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)

Bibliography Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on John 10:10". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/rwp/view.cgi?book=joh&chapter=010&verse=010>. Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960.

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