Statement of Faith | Tell a Friend about Us | Color Scheme:    
Sunday, April 5, 2020

Join Now!  |  Login
  Our Sponsors

• Finish Your B.A. in Ministry

• Distinguish Yourself! North Greenville University Click to learn more!

• Looking for that lost cantata? Let US find it!

• Achieve a balanced life filled with success today! San Diego Christian!

• Winter Dolphin returns in #DolphinTale2! Click to learn more!!

• $250 Credit Hour Military Discount on Undergrad Degrees

• Bible software for Believing Study: SwordSearcher

• Oral Roberts University: One of the Best Colleges in the West!

• Inspired by the true story! When the Game Stands Tall! In theaters Aug 22!

• Biblical Hebrew study & learning software: BMSoftware.com

 
  Study Resources

• What's New!!!

• Interlinear Bible

• Parallel Bible

• Daily Reading Plan

• Devotionals

• Commentaries

• Concordances

• Dictionaries

• Encyclopedias

• Lexicons

• History

• Sermon Essentials

• Audio Resources

• Religious Artwork

 
  SL Forums

• Apologetic Forum

• Christian Living

• Ministry Forum

• Evangelism Forum

• Passage Forum

• Help Forum

 
  Other Resources

• Advertise with SL

• FREE Resources

• Information

• Set Preferences

• Font Resources

• Contacting SL

 

 

Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament

Search This Resource
 
 
 
Navigator
PreviousNext
 Verse 11
Chapter 9
Verse 13
Chapter 11

  
 
  Printer friendly version
 
Additional Resources
 
 • Adam Clark Commentary
 • Burton Coffman
 • Barnes' New Testament
 • Darby's Synopsis
 • Gill's Exposition
 • Geneva Study Bible
 • David Guzik's Commentaries
 • Jamieson, Fausset, Brown
 • Matthew Henry Complete
 • Matthew Henry Concise
 • People's New Testament
 • The Fourfold Gospel
 • Treasury of Scripture
 • Wesley's Explanatory Notes
 
Buy This Resource
 
Hardcover$77.00
 Show me more …
 
John 10:12

He that is a hireling (o mistwtov).
Old word from mistow, to hire (Matthew 20:1) from mistov (hire, wages, Luke 10:7), in N.T. only in this passage. Literally, "the hireling and not being a shepherd" (o mistwtov kai ouk wn poimhn). Note ouk with the participle wn to emphasize the certainty that he is not a shepherd in contrast with mh eiserxomenov in verse 1 (conceived case). See same contrast in 1 Peter 1:8 between ouk idontev and mh orwntev. The hireling here is not necessarily the thief and robber of verses 1,8. He may conceivably be a nominal shepherd (pastor) of the flock who serves only for the money, a sin against which Peter warned the shepherds of the flock "not for shameful gain" (1 Peter 5:2).

Whose own (ou idia).
Every true shepherd considers the sheep in his care "his own" (idia) even if he does not actually "own" them. The mere "hireling" does not feel so.

Beholdeth (tewrei).
Vivid dramatic present, active indicative of tewrew, a graphic picture.

The wolf coming (ton lukon erxomenon).
Present middle predicate participle of erxomai.

Leaveth the sheep, and fleeth (apihsin ta probata kai peugei).
Graphic present actives again of apihmi and peugw. The cowardly hireling cares naught for the sheep, but only for his own skin. The wolf was the chief peril to sheep in Palestine. See Matthew 10:6 where Jesus says: "Behold I send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves."

And the wolf snatcheth them and scattereth them (kai o lukov arpazei kai skorpizei).
Vivid parenthesis in the midst of the picture of the conduct of the hireling. Bold verbs these. For the old verb arpazw see John 6:15; Matthew 11:12, and for skorpizw, late word (Plutarch) for the Attic skedannumi, see Matthew 12:30. It occurs in the vision of Ezekiel (Ezekiel 34:5) where because of the careless shepherds "the sheep became meat to all the beasts of the field, and were scattered." Jesus uses arpazw in 10:29 where no one is able "to snatch" one out of the Father's hand.

 


Copyright Statement
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright © Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)

Bibliography Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on John 10:12". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/rwp/view.cgi?book=joh&chapter=010&verse=012>. Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960.

  HOME    TOP

Dead links, typos, or HTML errors should be sent to corr@studylight.org
Suggestions about making this resource more useful should be sent to sugg@studylight.org
 

   Powered by LightSpeed Technology

Copyright © 2001-2020, StudyLight.org