Robertson's Word Pictures of the New TestamentJohn 10:34
- Is it not written? (ouk estin gegrammenon;).
- Periphrastic perfect passive indicative of grapw (as in 2:17) in place of the usual gegraptai. "Does it not stand written?"
- In your law (en twi nomwi umwn).
- From Psalms 82:6. The term nomov (law) applying here to the entire O.T. as in 12:34; 15:25; Romans 3:19; 1 Corinthians 14:21. Aleph D Syr-sin. omit umwn, but needlessly. We have it already so from Jesus in 8:17. They posed as the special custodians of the O.T.
- I said (oti egw eipa).
- Recitative oti before a direct quotation like our quotation marks. Eipa is a late second aorist form of indicative with -a instead of -on.
- Ye are gods (teoi este).
- Another direct quotation after eipa but without oti. The judges of Israel abused their office and God is represented in Psalms 82:6 as calling them "gods" (teoi, elohim) because they were God's representatives. See the same use of elohim in Exodus 21:6; 22:9,28. Jesus meets the rabbis on their own ground in a thoroughly Jewish way.