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Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament

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 Verse 43
Chapter 10
Verse 45
Chapter 12

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John 11:44

He that was dead came forth (exhlten o tetnhkwv).
Literally, "Came out the dead man," (effective aorist active indicative and perfect active articular participle of tnhskw). Just as he was and at once.

Bound hand and foot (dedemenov touv podav kai tav xeirav).
Perfect passive participle of dew with the accusative loosely retained according to the common Greek idiom (Robertson, Grammar, p. 486), but literally "as to the feet and hands" (opposite order from the English). Probably the legs were bound separately.

With grave-clothes (keiriaiv).
Or "with bands." Instrumental case of this late and rare word (in Plutarch, medical papyrus in the form khria, and Proverbs 7:16). Only here in N.T.

His face (h opsiv autou).
Old word, but proswpon is usual in N.T. See Revelation 1:16 for another instance.

Was bound about (periededeto).
Past perfect passive of peridew, old verb to bind around, only here in N.T.

With a napkin (soudariwi).
Instrumental case of soudarion (Latin word sudarium from sudor, sweat). In N.T. here, 20:7; Luke 19:20; Acts 19:12. Our handkerchief.

Loose him (lusate auton).
First aorist active imperative of luw. From the various bands.

Let him go (apete auton upagein).
Second aorist active imperative of apihmi and present active infinitive.


Copyright Statement
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright © Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)

Bibliography Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on John 11:44". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". <>. Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960.


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