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Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament

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John 18:1

With (sun).
See 12:2 for another example of sun in John (common in Paul). The usual meta reappears in verse 18:2.

Over (peran).
"Beyond," preposition with the ablative as in 6:22,25.

Brook (xeimarrou).
Old word, flowing (roos, rew) in winter (xeima), only here in N.T.

Kidron (ton Kedrwn).
Literally, "of the Cedars," "Brook of the Cedars." Only here in N.T. So 2 Samuel 15:23. Textus Receptus like Josephus (Ant. VIII, 1, 5) has the singular tou Kedrwn (indeclinable). As a matter of fact it was always dry save after a heavy rain.

A garden (khpov).
Old word, in N.T. only here, verse 26; 19:41 (Joseph's); Luke 13:19. John, like Luke, does not give the name Gethsemane (only in Mark 14:32; Matthew 26:36). The brook of the cedars had many unhallowed associations (1 Kings 2:37; 15:13; 2 Kings 23:4; 2 Chronicles 29:16; Jeremiah 31:40).

 


Copyright Statement
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright © Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)

Bibliography Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on John 18:1". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/rwp/view.cgi?book=joh&chapter=018&verse=001>. Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960.

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