Robertson's Word Pictures of the New TestamentLuke 23:46
- Father (Pater).
- Jesus dies with the words of Psalms 31:5 on his lips.
- Gave up the ghost (exepneusen).
- First aorist active indicative of ekpnew, to breathe out, to expire, old word, but in the N.T. only here and Mark 15:37,39. There is no special reason for retaining "ghost" in the English as both Matthew 27:50 (yielded up his spirit, aphken to pneuma) and John 19:30 (gave up his spirit, paredwken to pneuma) use pneuma which is the root of ekpnew, the verb in Mark and Luke.