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Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament

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Matthew 21:19

A fig tree (sukhn mian).
"A single fig tree" (Margin of Rev. Version). But eiv was often used = tiv or like our indefinite article. See Matthew 8:10; 26:69. The Greek has strictly no indefinite article as the Latin has no definite article.

Let there be no fruit from thee henceforward for ever (ou mhketi sou karpov genhtai eiv ton aiwna).
Strictly speaking this is a prediction, not a prohibition or wish as in Mark 11:14 (optative pagoi). "On you no fruit shall ever grow again" (Weymouth). The double negative ou mh with the aorist subjunctive (or future indicative) is the strongest kind of negative prediction. It sometimes amounts to a prohibition like ou and the future indicative (Robertson, Grammar, pp. 926f.). The early figs start in spring before the leaves and develop after the leaves. The main fig crop was early autumn (Mark 11:14). There should have been figs on the tree with the crop of leaves. It was a vivid object lesson. Matthew does not distinguish between the two mornings as Mark does (Mark 11:13,20), but says "immediately" (paraxrhma) twice (Matthew 21:19,20). This word is really para to xrhma like our "on the spot" (Thayer). It occurs in the papyri in monetary transactions for immediate cash payment.

 


Copyright Statement
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright © Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)

Bibliography Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Matthew 21:19". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/rwp/view.cgi?book=mt&chapter=021&verse=019>. Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960.

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