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Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament

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Revelation 7:1

After this (meta touto).
Instead of the seventh seal (8:1) being opened, two other episodes or preliminary visions occupy chapter 7 (the sealing of the servants of God 7:1-8 and the vision of the redeemed before the throne 7:9-17).

Standing (estwtav).
Second perfect predicate participle of isthmi, intransitive and followed by epi and the accusative case gwniav as already in 3:20 (epi turian) and often again (8:3 some MSS., others genitive; 11:11; 14:1; 15:2), but note epi with genitive talasshv in the next clause, like epi kepalhv in 12:1; 7:3.

Corners (gwniav).
Old word for angle (Matthew 6:5), also in 20:8.

Holding (kratountav).
Present active participle of kratew, to hold fast (Mark 7:3; John 20:23). The four winds (cf. Matthew 24:31) are held prisoner by angels at each of the four corners. Some Jews held the winds from due north, south, east, west to be favourable, while those from the angles (see Acts 27:14) were unfavourable (Charles). There is an angel of the fire (14:18) and an angel of the waters (16:5).

That no wind should blow (ina mh pnehi anemov).
Negative purpose clause with ina mh and the present active subjunctive, "lest a wind keep on blowing."

Upon any tree (epi pan dendron).
Accusative case here with epi rather than the preceding genitives (ghs, talasshv), "upon the land or upon the sea," but "against any tree" (picture of attack on the tree like a tornado's path).

 


Copyright Statement
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright © Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)

Bibliography Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Revelation 7:1". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/rwp/view.cgi?book=re&chapter=007&verse=001>. Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960.

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