Robertson's Word Pictures of the New TestamentRevelation 9:1
- Fallen (peptwkota).
- Perfect active participle of piptw, already down. In Luke 10:18 note pesonta (constative aorist active, like a flash of lightning) after etewroun and in Revelation 7:2 note anabainonta (present active and linear, coming up, picturing the process) after eidon.
- Of the pit of the abyss (tou preatov thv abussou).
- Abussov is an old adjective (alpha privative and butov, depth, without depth), but h abussov (supply xwra place), the bottomless place. It occurs in Romans 10:7 for the common receptacle of the dead for Hades (Sheol), but in Luke 8:31 a lower depth is sounded (Swete), for the abode of demons, and in this sense it occurs in Revelation 9:1,2,11; 11:7; 17:8; 20:1,3. Prear is an old word for well or cistern (Luke 14:5; John 4:11) and it occurs in Revelation 9:1 for the mouth of the abyss which is pictured as a cistern with a narrow orifice at the entrance and this fifth angel holds the key to it.