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Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament

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 Verse 11
Chapter 19
Verse 13
Chapter 21

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Additional Resources
 • Adam Clark Commentary
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Revelation 20:12

The dead, the great and the small (touv nekrouv touv megalouv kai touv mikrouv).
The general resurrection of verse 13 is pictured by anticipation as already over. No living are mentioned after the battle of verses 7-10, though some will be living when Jesus comes to judge the quick and the dead (2 Timothy 4:1; 1 Thessalonians 4:13). All classes and conditions ( 11:18; 13:16; 19:5,18) John saw "standing before the throne" (estwtav enwpion tou tronou).

Books were opened (biblia hnoixthsan).
First aorist passive of anoigw. Like Daniel 7:10. The record of each human being has been kept in God's books.

Were judged (ekrithsan).
First aorist passive indicative of krinw. The sentence upon each rests upon written evidence.

Another book which is the book of life (allo biblion o estin thv zwhv).
This book has already been mentioned (3:5; 13:8; 17:8). "It is the roll of living citizens of Jerusalem" (Swete), "the church of the first born enrolled in heaven" (Hebrews 12:23). The books are "the vouchers for the book of life" (Alford). We are saved by grace, but character at last (according to their works) is the test as the fruit of the tree (Matthew 7:16,20; 10:32; 25:31-46; John 15:6; 2 Corinthians 5:10; Romans 2:10 Revelation 2:23; 20:12; 22:12).


Copyright Statement
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright © Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)

Bibliography Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Revelation 20:12". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". <>. Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960.


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