Robertson's Word Pictures of the New TestamentRomans 1:30
Paul changes the construction again to twelve substantives and adjectives that give vivid touches to this composite photograph of the God abandoned soul.
- Whisperers (psituristav).
- Old word from psiturizw, to speak into the ear, to speak secretly, an onomatopoetic word like psiturismov (2 Corinthians 12:20) and only here in N.T.
- Backbiters (katalalouv).
- Found nowhere else except in Hermas, compound like katalalew, to talk back (James 4:11), and katalalia, talking back (2 Corinthians 12:20), talkers back whether secretly or openly.
- Hateful to God (teostugeiv).
- Old word from teov and stugew. All the ancient examples take it in the passive sense and so probably here. So stughtov (Titus 3:13). Vulgate has deo odibiles.
- Insolent (ubristav).
- Old word for agent from ubrizw, to give insult to, here alone in N.T. save 1 Timothy 1:13.
- Haughty (uperhpanouv).
- From uper and painomai, to appear above others, arrogant in thought and conduct, "stuck up."
- Boastful (alazonav).
- From alh, wandering. Empty pretenders, swaggerers, braggarts.
- Inventors of evil things (epeuretav kakwn).
- Inventors of new forms of vice as Nero was. Tacitus (Ann. IV. ii) describes Sejanus as facinorum omnium repertor and Virgil (Aen. ii. 163) scelerum inventor.
- Disobedient to parents (goneusin apeiteiv).
- Cf. 1 Timothy 1:9; 2 Timothy 3:2. An ancient and a modern trait.