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Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament

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Romans 12:19

Avenge not (mh ekdikountev).
Independent participle again of late verb ekdikew from ekdikov, exacting justice (13:4). See already Luke 18:5; 2 Corinthians 10:6.

But give place unto wrath (alla dote topon thi orghi).
Second aorist active imperative of didwmi, to give. "Give room for the (note article as in 5:9; 1 Thessalonians 2:16) wrath" of God instead of taking vengeance in your own hands. See Ephesians 4:27 for didote topon. Paul quotes Deuteronomy 32:35 (the Hebrew rather than the LXX). So have Hebrews 10:30 and the Targum of Onkelos, but the relation between them and Paul we cannot tell. Socrates and Epictetus condemned personal vindictiveness as Paul does here.

I will recompense (antapodwsw).
Future active of the double compound verb quoted also in 11:35.

 


Copyright Statement
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright © Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)

Bibliography Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Romans 12:19". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/rwp/view.cgi?book=ro&chapter=012&verse=019>. Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960.

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