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Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament

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Romans 13:4

A minister of God (teou diakonov).
General sense of diakonov. Of course even Nero was God's minister "to thee (soi ethical dative) for good (eiv to agaton, for the good)." That is the ideal, the goal.

Beareth (porei).
Present active indicative of porew, old frequentative form of perw, to bear, to wear.

But if thou do (ean de poihiv).
Condition of third class, ean and present active subjunctive of poiew, "if thou continue to do."

Sword (maxairan).
Symbol of authority as to-day policemen carry clubs or pistols. "The Emperor Trajan presented to a provincial governor on starting for his province, a dagger, with the words, 'For me. If I deserve it, in me'" (Vincent).

An avenger (ekdikov).
Old adjective from ek and dikh (right), "outside of penalty," unjust, then in later Greek "exacting penalty from one," in N.T. only here and 1 Thessalonians 4:6.

 


Copyright Statement
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright © Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)

Bibliography Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Romans 13:4". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/rwp/view.cgi?book=ro&chapter=013&verse=004>. Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960.

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