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89:1 I will sing of the mercies of the LORD for ever: with my mouth will I make known thy faithfulness to all generations.
89:27 Also I will make him my firstborn, higher than the kings of the earth.
89:48 What man is he that liveth, and shall not see death? shall he deliver his soul from the hand of the grave? Selah.
higher than the kings of the earth
The eighty-ninth Psalm is at once the confirmation and exposition of the Davidic Covenant 2 Samuel 7:9-14. That the covenant itself looks far beyond David and Solomon is sure from Psalms 89:27. "Higher than the kings of the earth" can only refer to Immanuel. ; Isaiah 7:13-15; 9:6,7; Micah 5:2.
The Psalm is in four parts:
(1) The covenant, though springing from the lovingkindness of Jehovah, yet rests upon His oath (vs. 1-4).
(2) Jehovah is glorified for His power and goodness in connection with the covenant (vs 5-18).
(3) The response of Jehovah (vs. 19-37). This is in two parts:
(a), it confirms the covenant (Psalms 89:19-29), but (b), warns that disobedience in the royal posterity of David will be punished with chastening (Psalms 89:30-32). Historically this chastening began in the division of the Davidic kingdom ; 1 Kings 11:26-36; 12:16-20 and culminated in the captivities and that subordination of Israel to the Gentiles which still continues. See "Gentiles, times of" ; Luke 21:24; Revelation 16:14.
(4) The plea of the Remnant Isaiah 1:9; Romans 11:5 who urge the severity and long continuance of the chastening (Psalms 89:38-52).
See Psalm 102., next in order of the Messianic Psalms.
Heb. "Sheol," (See Scofield "Habakkuk 2:5") .
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