Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)Chapter 4
4:11 And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;
4:12 For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ:
In 1 Corinthians 12:8-28 the Spirit is seen as enduing the members of the body of Christ with spiritual gifts, or enablements for a varied service; here certain Spirit-endued men, viz. apostles, prophets, evangelists, pastors, and teachers, are themselves the gifts whom the glorified Christ bestows upon His body the church. In Corinthians the gifts are spiritual enablements for specific service; in Ephesians the gifts are men who have such enablements.
The Lord, in bestowing the gifted men, determines, providentially (e.g.) Acts 11:22-26 or directly through the Spirit (e.g.) ; Acts 13:1,2; 16:6,7 the places of their service. "Some" (churches or places) need one gift, as, (e.g.) evangelist; "some" (churches or places) need rather a pastor or teacher. Absolutely nothing in Christ's service is left to mere human judgment or self-choosing. Even an apostle was not permitted to choose his place of service Acts 16:7,8.
4:22 That ye put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts;
(See Scofield "Matthew 5:48") .
4:24 And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness.
(See Scofield "Romans 6:6") .
4:26 Be ye angry, and sin not: let not the sun go down upon your wrath:
The new man is the regenerate man as distinguished from the old man (See Scofield "Romans 6:6") and is a new man as having become a partaker of the divine nature and life 2 Peter 1:4; Colossians 3:3,4 and in no sense the old man made over, or improved ; 2 Corinthians 5:17; Galatians 6:15; Ephesians 2:10; Colossians 3:10. The new man is Christ, "formed" in the believer ; Galatians 2:20; 4:19; Colossians 1:27; 1 John 4:12.
(See Scofield "Romans 10:10") .
4:29 Let no corrupt communication proceed out of your mouth, but that which is good to the use of edifying, that it may minister grace unto the hearers.
Sin. (See Scofield "Romans 3:23") .
Grace (imparted). vs. Philippians 1:7; Romans 6:1; 2 Peter 3:18.