Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)Chapter 27
27:4 Saying, I have sinned in that I have betrayed the innocent blood. And they said, What is that to us? see thou to that.
27:9 Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the prophet, saying, And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him that was valued, whom they of the children of Israel did value;
Sin. (See Scofield "Romans 3:23") .
27:33 And when they were come unto a place called Golgotha, that is to say, a place of a skull,
The allusion is to Jeremiah 18:1-4; 19:1-3 but more distinctly to Zechariah 11:12,13.
27:37 And set up over his head his accusation written, THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS.
The Order of Events at the Crucifixion
The order of events at the crucifixion:
(1) the arrival at Golgotha Matthew 27:33; Mark 15:22; Luke 23:33; John 19:17
(2) the offer of the stupefying drink refused Matthew 27:34; Mark 15:23
(3) Jesus is crucified between two thieves Matthew 27:35-38; Mark 15:24-28; Luke 23:33-38; John 19:18-24
(4) He utters the first cry from the cross, "Father, forgive," etc. Luke 23:34.
(5) The soldiers part His garments Matthew 27:35; Mark 15:24; Luke 23:34; John 19:23
(6) The Jews mock Jesus Matthew 27:39-44; Mark 15:29-32; Luke 23:35-38
(7) The thieves rail on Him, but one repents and believes Matthew 27:44; Mark 15:32; Luke 23:39-43.
(8) The second cry from the cross, "To-day shalt thou be with me," etc. Luke 23:43.
(9) The third cry, "Woman, behold thy son" John 19:26,27.
(10) The darkness Matthew 27:45; Mark 15:33; Luke 23:44.
(11) The fourth cry, "My God," etc. Matthew 27:46,47; Mark 15:34-36
(12) The fifth cry, "I thirst" John 19:28.
(13) The sixth cry, "It is finished" John 19:30.
(14) The seventh cry, "Father, into thy hands," etc. Luke 23:46.
(15) Our Lord dismisses his spirit Matthew 27:50; Mark 15:37; Luke 23:46; John 19:30. (See Scofield "Matthew 26:57")
27:46 And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?
Cf Mark 15:26; Luke 23:38; John 19:19 These accounts supplement, but do not contradict one another. No one of the Evangelists quotes the entire inscription. All have "The King of the Jews." Luke adds to this the further words, "This is"; Matthew quotes the name, "Jesus"; whilst John gives the additional words "of Nazareth." The narratives combined give the entire inscription: "This is Matthew, Luke Jesus Matthew,John of Nazareth John the King of the Jews" all.
27:50 Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost.
Psalms 22:3 gives the answer to this significant and terrible cry:
27:51 And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent;
Literally, "dismissed his spirit." The (Greek - athemitos [a)qeÑmitov] ). This expression, taken with Mark 15:37; Luke 23:46; John 19:30. differentiates the death of Christ from all other physical death. He died by his own volition when He could say of His redemptive work, "It is finished." "No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself" John 10:18.
27:52 And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose,
The veil which was rent was the veil which divided the holy place into which the priests entered from the holy of holies into which only the high priest might enter on the day of atonement, (See Scofield "Exodus 26:31") Leviticus 16:1-30 The rending of that veil, which was a type of the human body of Christ Hebrews 10:20 signified that a "new and living way" was opened for all believers into the very presence of God with no other sacrifice or priesthood save Christ's. (cf) ; Hebrews 9:1-8; 10:19-22.
27:56 Among which was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James and Joses, and the mother of Zebedee's children.
That these bodies returned to their graves is not said and may not be inferred. The wave-sheaf Leviticus 23:10-12 typifies the resurrection of Christ, but a sheaf implies plurality. It was a single "corn of wheat" that fell into the ground in the crucifixion and entombment of Christ John 12:24, it was a sheaf which came forth in resurrection. The inference is that these saints, with the spirits of "just men made perfect" Hebrews 12:23 from Paradise, went with Jesus Ephesians 4:8-10 into heaven.
27:61 And there was Mary Magdalene, and the other Mary, sitting over against the sepulchre.
Son of Alphaeus. (See Scofield "Matthew 4:21") .
27:63 Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was yet alive, After three days I will rise again.
Supposed to be Mary the mother of James and Joses.
After three days
See, Matthew 16:21; 17:23; 20:19; 26:61; Mark 8:31; 10:34; Luke 9:22; 18:33; 24:6,7; John 2:19