Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)Chapter 9
9:6 Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For they are not all Israel, which are of Israel:
9:7 Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, are they all children: but, In Isaac shall thy seed be called.
For they are not all Israel
The distinction is between Israel after the flesh, the mere natural posterity of Abraham, and Israelites who, through faith, are also Abraham's spiritual children. Gentiles who believe are also of Abraham's spiritual seed; but here the apostle is not considering them, but only the two kinds of Israelites, the natural and the spiritual Israel. (Romans 4:1-3; Galatians 3:6,7; John 8:37-39.)
(See Scofield "Romans 11:1") .
9:26 And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people; there shall they be called the children of the living God.
Also Romans 9:8. (Greek - teknon [te—knon] , child).
(See Scofield "Romans 8:16")
9:27 Esaias also crieth concerning Israel, Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant shall be saved:
children (Greek - teknon [te—knon] , sons).
(See Scofield "Ephesians 1:5")
9:28 For he will finish the work, and cut it short in righteousness: because a short work will the Lord make upon the earth.
(See Scofield "Romans 1:16") .
9:29 And as Esaias said before, Except the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed, we had been as Sodoma, and been made like unto Gomorrha.
Adonai Jehovah. Isaiah 10:23.
9:30 What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, which followed not after righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith.
LORD of hosts. Isaiah 1:9.
9:31 But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness, hath not attained to the law of righteousness.
(See Scofield "Romans 10:10") .
Scofield "Romans 10:3".