Statement of Faith | Tell a Friend about Us | Color Scheme:    
Thursday, April 25, 2019

Join Now!  |  Login
  Our Sponsors

• Bible software for Believing Study: SwordSearcher

• Looking for that lost cantata? Let US find it!

• Biblical Hebrew study & learning software: BMSoftware.com

• Help change the hearts of people one book at a time! Click to find out how!

 
  Study Resources

• Interlinear Bible

• Parallel Bible

• Daily Reading Plan

• Devotionals

• Commentaries

• Concordances

• Dictionaries

• Encyclopedias

• Lexicons

• History

• Sermon Essentials

• Audio Resources

• Religious Artwork

 
  SL Forums

• Apologetic Forum

• Christian Living

• Ministry Forum

• Evangelism Forum

• Passage Forum

• Help Forum

 
  Other Resources

• Advertise with SL

• FREE Resources

• Information

• Set Preferences

• Font Resources

• Contacting SL

 

 

The Fourfold Gospel

Search This Resource
 
 
 
Navigator
PreviousNext
 Chapter 6
Chapter 8
 
 
 
  Printer friendly version
 
Additional Resources
 
 • Adam Clark Commentary
 • Burton Coffman
 • Barnes' New Testament
 • Gill's Exposition
 • Geneva Study Bible
 • Jamieson, Fausset, Brown
 • Matthew Henry Complete
 • Matthew Henry Concise
 • People's New Testament
 • Robertson's Word Pictures
 • Scofield Reference Notes
 • Treasury of Scripture
 • Wesley's Explanatory Notes
 
Buy This Resource
 
Paperback$9.99
 Show me more …
 
7:1  Judge not, that ye be not judged1.

    THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT. (A mountain plateau not far from Capernaum.) G. LAW CONCERNING JUDGING. Matthew 7:1-6; Luke 6:37-42

  1. Judge not, that ye be not judged. Here again Jesus lays down a general principle in the form of universal prohibition. The principle is, of course, to be limited by other Scriptural laws concerning judgment. It does not prohibit: (1) Judgment by civil courts, which is apostolically approved (Titus 3:1; Hebrews 13:17; 2 Peter 2:13-15). (2) Judgment of the church on those who walk disorderly; for this also was ordered (Matthew 18:16,17; 2 Thessalonians 3:6,14; 1 Timothy 1:20; 1 Timothy 6:5; Titus 3:10; 2 John 1:10). (3) Private judgment as to wrong-doers. This is also ordered by Christ and his apostles (Matthew 7:15,16; Romans 16:17; 1 Corinthians 5:11; 1 John 4:1). The commandment is leveled at rash, censorious and uncharitable judgments, and the fault-finding spirit or disposition which condemns upon surmise without examination of the charges, forgetful that we also shall stand in the judgment and shall need mercy (Romans 14:10; James 2:13). Our judgment of Christians must be charitable, (John 7:24; 1 Corinthians 13:5,6) in remembrance of the fact that they are God's servants (Romans 14:4); and that he reserves to himself the ultimate right of judging both them and us (Romans 14:4; 1 Corinthians 4:3,4; 2 Corinthians 5:10).

7:2  For with what judgment ye judge, ye shall be judged1: and with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured unto you2.

  1. For with what judgment ye judge, ye shall be judged. Though God shall judge us with absolute justice, yet justice often requires that we receive even in the same measure in which we have given it, so in a sense the merciful receive mercy, and the censorious receive censure. (James 2:12,13).

  2. And with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured unto you. But from men we receive judgment in the measure in which we give it. Applying the teaching here given locally, we find that Jesus, having condemned the Pharisees in their manner of praying (Matthew 6:5,6), now turns to reprove them for their manner of judging. Their censorious judgments of Christ himself darken many pages of the gospel. But with a bitter spirit they condemned as sinners beyond the pale of mercy whole classes of their countrymen, such as publicans, Samaritans, and the like, besides their wholesale rejection of all heathen. These bitter judgments swiftly returned upon the heads of the judges and caused the victorious Roman to wipe out the Jewish leaders without mercy. It is a great moral principle of God's government that we reap what we sow (Job 4:8; Proverbs 72:8; Hosea 8:7; Hosea 10:12; 2 Corinthians 9:6; Galatians 6:7,8). Censorious judgment and its harvest are merely one form of culture which comes under this general law.

7:3  And why beholdest thou the mote1 that is in thy brother's eye, but considerest not the beam2 that is in thine own eye?

    Matthew 7:3-5

  1. Why beholdest thou the mote. Chip or speck of wood dust.

  2. But considerest not the beam. Heavy house timber. Jesus graphically and grotesquely represents a man with a log, or rafter, in his eye trying to take a chip or splinter out of his neighbor's eye. Both parties have the same trouble or fault, but the one having the greater seeks to correct the one having the less. The application is that he would successfully teach or admonish must first be instructed or admonished himself (Galatians 6:1). In moral movements men cannot be pushed; they must be led. Hence those who would teach must lead the way. Those who have reformed their own faults can "see clearly" how to help others. But so long as we continued in sin, we are blind leaders of the blind. Compare the application of this parable in Luke. See Luke 6:41.

7:6  Give not that which is holy unto the dogs, neither cast your pearls before the swine1, lest haply they trample them under their feet, and turn and rend you.

  1. Give not that which is holy unto the dogs, neither cast your pearls before the swine. The connection here is not obvious. This saying, however, appears to be a limitation of the law against judging. The Christian must not be censoriously judicial, but he should be discriminatingly judicious. He must know dogs and swine when he sees them, and must not treat them as priests and kings, the fit objects for the bestowal of holy food and goodly ornaments. Dogs and swine were unclean animals. The former were usually undomesticated and were often fierce. In the East they are still the self-appointed scavengers of the street. The latter were undomesticated among the Jews, and hence are spoken of as wild and liable to attack man. Meats connected with the sacrificial service of the altar were holy. Even unclean men were not permitted to eat of them, much less unclean brutes. What was left after the priests and clean persons had eaten was to be burned with fire (Leviticus 6:24-30; Leviticus 7:15-21). To give holy things to dogs was to profane them. We are here forbidden, then, to use any religious office, work, or ordinance, in such a manner as to degrade or profane it. Saloons ought not to be opened with prayer, nor ought adulterous marriages to be performed by a man of God. To give pearls to swine is to press the claims of the gospel upon those who despise it until they persecute you for annoying them with it. When such men are known, they are to be avoided. Jesus acted on this principle in refusing to answer the Pharisees, and the apostles did the same in turning to the Gentiles when their Jewish hearers would begin to contradict and blaspheme. Compare Leviticus 15:2,3; Leviticus 21:23-27; Acts 13:46; Acts 19:9.

7:7  Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you:

    THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT. (A mountain plateau not far from Capernaum.) H. CONCERNING PRAYER. Matthew 7:7-11

  1. Ask . . . seek . . . knock. The words here are slightly climacteric. Asking is a simple use of voice, seeking is a motion of the body, and knocking is an effort to open and pass through obstacles.

7:8  for every one that asketh receiveth1; and he that seeketh findeth; and to him that knocketh it shall be opened.

  1. For every one that asketh receiveth. Jesus here uses the universal "every one", but he means every one of a class, for the term is modified by the prescribed conditions of acceptable prayer (Matthew 6:14,15 James 1:6,7; James 4:3; 1 John 5:14). We see also by Matthew 7:9 that it means every one who is recognized by God as a son. All God's children who pray rightly are heard.

7:9  Or what man is there of you, who, if his son shall ask him for a loaf, will give him a stone1;

    Matthew 7:9,10

  1. Who, if his son shall ask him for a loaf, will give him a stone? Fish and bread were the common food of the peasants of Galilee. A stone might resemble a cake, but it would deceive the child.

7:10  or if he shall ask for a fish, will give him a serpent1?

  1. Or if he shall ask for a fish, will give him a serpent? A serpent might resemble an eel or a perch, but if given it would be both deceptive and injurious. We often misunderstand God's answer thus. But our sense of sonship should teach us better.

7:11  If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children1, how much more shall your Father who is in heaven give good things to them that ask him?

  1. If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children, etc. Here is an argument from analogy. It is assumed that the paternal feeling which prompts us to give good things to our children, is still a higher degree in God with reference to his children; and hence it is argued that he will much more give good things to those who ask him. Since it is Jesus who assumes the likeness on which the argument rests, we may rely on the correctness of the reasoning; but we must be cautious how we derive arguments of our own from the analogy between God's attributes and the corresponding characteristics of man. For example, this attribute of paternal feeling has been employed to disprove the reality of the eternal punishment with which God himself threatens the sinner, because the paternal feeling in man would prevent him from so punishing his own children. The fallacy in the argument consists in assuming that the feeling in question must work the same results in every particular in God that it does in man. But Revelation teaches that such is not the case.

7:12  All things therefore whatsoever ye would that men should do unto you, even so do ye also unto them1: for this is the law and the prophets2.

    THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT. (A mountain plateau not far from Capernaum.) I. THE GOLDEN RULE. Matthew 7:12; Luke 6:31

  1. All things therefore whatsoever ye would that men should do unto you, even so do ye also unto them. Jesus connects the Golden Rule with what precedes with the word "therefore". We are to practice the Golden Rule because God's divine judgment teaches forbearance, and his goodness teaches kindness. This precept is fitly called the Golden Rule, for it embraces in its few words the underlying and governing principle of all morality. It teaches us to put ourselves in our neighbor's place, and direct our conduct accordingly. It assumes, of course, that when we put ourselves in our neighbor's place, we are wise enough to make any foolish wishes, and good enough not to make any evil ones. Also see Luke 6:31.

  2. For this is the law and the prophets. It contains the precepts of the law with regard to man, and all amplifications of those precepts given by the prophets.

7:13  Enter ye in by the narrow gate1: for wide is the gate, and broad is the way, that leadeth to destruction, and many are they that enter in thereby.

    Matthew 7:13,14 THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT. (A mountain plateau not far from Capernaum.) J. THE TWO WAYS AND THE FALSE PROPHETS. Matthew 7:13-23; Luke 6:43-45

  1. Enter ye in by the narrow gate, etc. The Master here presents two cities before us. One has a wide gateway opening onto the broad street, and other a narrow gate opening onto a straitened street or alley. The first city is Destruction, the second is Life. Compare with Luke 13:24.

7:14  For narrow is the gate, and straitened the way, that leadeth unto life, and few are they that find it1.

  1. For narrow is the gate, and straitened the way, that leadeth unto life, and few are they that find it. See Luke 13:24.

7:15  Beware of false prophets1, who come to you in sheep's clothing2, but inwardly are ravening wolves3.

  1. Beware of false prophets. From the two ways Jesus turns to warn his disciples against those who lead into the wrong path--the road to destruction. Prophets are those who lay claim to teach men correctly the life which God would have us live. The scribes and Pharisees were such, and Christ predicted the coming of others (Matthew 24:5,24), and so did Paul (Acts 20:29). Their fate is shown in Matthew 7:21,22.

  2. Who come to you in sheep's clothing. By sheep's clothing we are to understand that they shall bear a gentle, meek, and inoffensive outward demeanor.

  3. But inwardly are ravening wolves. But they use this demeanor as a cloak to hide their real wickedness, and so effectually does it hide it that the false prophets often deceive even themselves.

7:16  By their fruits ye shall know them. Do [men] gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles1?

  1. By their fruits ye shall know them. Do [men] gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles? Compare with Luke 6:44.

7:17  Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit1; but the corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit.

  1. Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit, etc. Compare with Luke 6:43.

7:19  Every tree that bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire1.

  1. Every tree that bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire. It is a law of universal application that whatever is useless and evil shall eventually be swept away.

7:20  Therefore by their fruits ye shall know them1.

  1. Therefore by their fruits ye shall know them. See Luke 6:45.

7:21  Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven1; but he that doeth the will of my Father who is in heaven2.

  1. Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven. To say, "Lord, Lord", is to call on the Lord in prayer. While it is almost impossible to overestimate the value of prayer when associated with a consistent life, it has been too common to attribute to it a virtue which it does not possess. The Pharisees were excessively devoted to prayer, and they led the people to believe that every prayerful man would be saved. The Mohammedans and Romanists are subject to the same delusion, as may be seen in the punctilious observance of the forms of prayer, while habitually neglecting many of the common rules of morality.

  2. But he that doeth the will of my Father who is in heaven. It is taught that prayer, unattended "by doing the will" of the Father in heaven, cannot save us. Doing the will of God must be understood, not in the sense of sinless obedience, but as including a compliance with the conditions on which sins are forgiven. Whether under the old covenant or the new, sinless obedience is an impossibility; but obedience to the extent of our possibility amid the weaknesses of the flesh, accompanied by daily compliance with the conditions of pardon for our daily sin, has ever secured the favor of God.

7:22  Many will say to me in that day1, Lord, Lord2, did we not prophesy by thy name, and by thy name cast out demons3, and by thy name do many mighty works?

  1. Many will say to me in that day. The final judgment day.

  2. Lord, Lord. See Matthew 7:21.

  3. Did we not prophesy by thy name, and by thy name cast out demons,
  4. and by thy name do many mighty works? Jesus here prophetically forecasts those future times wherein it would be worthwhile to assume to be a Christian. Times when hypocrisy would find it a source of profit and of honor to be attached to Christ's service. In these days we may well question the motives which induce us to service Christ. High place in the visible kingdom is no proof of one's acceptance with God. Neither are mighty works, though successfully wrought in his name. Judas was an apostle and miracle-worker, and Balaam was a prophet, yet they lacked that condition of the heart which truly allies one with God (1 Corinthians 13:1-3). Jesus says the number of false teachers is large. We must not carelessly ignore the assertion of that important fact. We should also note that Christ will not lightly pass over their errors on the judgment day, though they seem to have discovered them for the first time. Such truths should make us extremely cautious both as teachers and learners.

7:23  And then will I profess unto them1, I never knew you2: depart from me3, ye that work iniquity4.

  1. And then will I profess unto them. Better, confess.

  2. I never knew you. Never approved or recognized you. See Matthew 25:12.

  3. Depart from me. See Matthew 25:41.

  4. Ye that work iniquity. This indicates that false teachers filled with a patronizing spirit toward the Lord, and with a sense of power as to his work, will be deceived by a show of success. Through life Christ appeared to them to be accepting them and approving their lives, but he now confesses that his appearance was not real. It arose from a misconception on their part and on that of others. Many works which men judge to be religious really undermine religion. The world esteems him great whose ministry begets Pharisees, but in Christ's eyes such a one is a worker of iniquity.

7:24  Every one therefore that heareth these words of mine, and doeth them1, shall be likened unto a wise man, who built his house upon the rock2:

    THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT. (A mountain plateau not far from Capernaum.) K. CONCLUSION AND APPLICATION: TWO BUILDERS. Matthew 7:24-29; Luke 6:46-49

  1. Every one therefore that heareth these words of mine, and doeth them. See John 13:17; James 1:22.

  2. Shall be likened unto a wise man, who built his house upon the rock. The word "rock" suggests Christ himself. No life can be founded upon Christ's teaching unless it be founded also upon faith and trust in his personality. For this we must dig deep, for as St. Gregory says,

    "God is not to be found on the surface."

7:25  and the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew1, and beat upon that house; and if fell not: for it was founded upon the rock.

  1. And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew. The imagery of this passage would be impressive anywhere, but is especially so when used before an audience accustomed to the fierceness of an Eastern tempest. Rains, floods, etc., represent collectively the trials, the temptations and persecutions which come upon us from without. There comes a time to every life when these things throng together and test the resources of our strength.

7:26  And every one that heareth these words of mine, and doeth them not1, shall be likened unto a foolish man, who built his house upon the sand:

  1. And every one that heareth these words of mine, and doeth them not, etc. See Luke 6:49.

7:27  and the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and smote upon that house; and it fell1: and great was the fall thereof2.

  1. And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and smote upon that house; and it fell. We do not need to go to Palestine to witness the picture portrayed here. Whole towns on the Missouri and the lower Mississippi have been undermined and swept away because built upon the sand. Jesus here limits the tragedy to a single house. Godet says,

    "A single soul is a great ruin in the eyes of God."

  2. And great was the fall thereof. Jesus did not end his sermon with a strain of consolation. It is not always best to do so.

7:28  And it came to pass, when Jesus had finished these words, the multitudes were astonished at his teaching1:

  1. The multitudes were astonished at his teaching. See Mark 1:22.

7:29  for he taught them as [one] having authority, and not as their scribes1.

  1. And not as their scribes. See Mark 1:22.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.

Bibliography Information
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on Matthew 7". "The Fourfold Gospel". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tfg/view.cgi?book=mt&chapter=007>. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.  

  HOME    TOP

Dead links, typos, or HTML errors should be sent to corr@studylight.org
Suggestions about making this resource more useful should be sent to sugg@studylight.org
 

   Powered by LightSpeed Technology

Copyright © 2001-2019, StudyLight.org