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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter 1

Overview
1   God creates heaven and earth;
3   the light;
6   the firmament;
9   separates the dry land;
14   forms the sun, moon, and stars;
20   fishes and fowls;
24   cattle, wild beasts, and creeping things;
26   creates man in his own image, blesses him;
29   grants the fruits of the earth for food.

Verse 1
In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.


beginning
Proverbs 8:22-24; 16:4; Mark 13:19; John 1:1-3; Hebrews 1:10; 1 John 1:1
God
Exodus 20:11; 31:18; 1 Chronicles 16:26; Nehemiah 9:6; Job 26:13; 38:4; Psalms 8:3; 33:6,9; Psalms 89:11,12; 96:5; 102:25; 104:24,30; 115:15; 121:2; 124:8; 134:3; Psalms 136:5; 146:6; 148:4,5; Proverbs 3:19; 8:22-30; Ecclesiastes 12:1; Isaiah 37:16; 40:26; Isaiah 40:28; 42:5; 44:24; 45:18; 51:13,16; 65:17; Jeremiah 10:12; 32:17; Jeremiah 51:15; Zechariah 12:1; Matthew 11:25; Acts 4:24; 14:15; 17:24; Romans 1:19,20; Romans 11:36; 1 Corinthians 8:6; Ephesians 3:9; Colossians 1:16,17; Hebrews 1:2; 3:4; 11:3; 2 Peter 3:5; Revelation 3:14; 4:11; 10:6; 14:7; 21:6; 22:13

Verse 2
And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
without
Job 26:7; Isaiah 45:18; Jeremiah 4:23; Nahum 2:10
Spirit
Job 26:14; Psalms 33:6; 104:30; Isaiah 40:12-14

Verse 3
And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.
God
Psalms 33:6,9; 148:5; Matthew 8:3; John 11:43
Let
Job 36:30; 38:19; Psalms 97:11; 104:2; 118:27; Isaiah 45:7; 60:19; John 1:5,9; John 3:19; 2 Corinthians 4:6; Ephesians 5:8,14; 1 Timothy 6:16; 1 John 1:5; 2:8

Verse 4
And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.
that
10,12,18,25,31; Ecclesiastes 2:13; 11:7
the light from the darkness
Heb. between the light and between the darkness.

Verse 5
And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.
Day, and
8:22; Psalms 19:2; 74:16; 104:20; Isaiah 45:7; Jeremiah 33:20; 1 Corinthians 3:13; Ephesians 5:13; 1 Thessalonians 5:5
And the evening and the morning were
Heb. And the evening was, and the morning was.
8,13,19,23,31

Verse 6
And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.
Let there
14,20; 7:11,12; Job 26:7,8,13; 37:11,18; 38:22-26; Psalms 19:1; 33:6,9; Psalms 104:2; 136:5,6; 148:4; 150:1; Ecclesiastes 11:3; Jeremiah 10:10,12,13; 51:15; Zechariah 12:1
firmament
Heb. expansion.

Verse 7
And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.
divided
Proverbs 8:28,29
above
Job 26:8; Psalms 104:10; 148:4; Ecclesiastes 11:3
and it
9,11,15,24; Matthew 8:27

Verse 8
And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day.
God
5,10; 5:2
evening
5,13,19,23,31

Verse 9
And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.
Job 26:7,10; 38:8-11; Psalms 24:1,2; 33:7; 95:5; 104:3,5-9; 136:5,6; Proverbs 8:28,29; Ecclesiastes 1:7; Jeremiah 5:22; Jonah 1:9; 2 Peter 3:5; Revelation 10:6

Verse 10
And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good.
God saw
4; Deuteronomy 32:4; Psalms 104:31

Verse 11
And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so.
Let the
2:5; Job 28:5; Psalms 104:14-17; 147:8; Matthew 6:30; Hebrews 6:7
grass
Heb. tender grass. fruit.
29; 2:9,16; Psalms 1:3; Jeremiah 17:8; Matthew 3:10; 7:16-20; Mark 4:28; Luke 6:43,44; James 3:12

Verse 12
And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind: and God saw that it was good.
earth
Isaiah 61:11; Mark 4:28
herb
Isaiah 55:10,11; Matthew 13:24-26; Luke 6:44; 2 Corinthians 9:10; Galatians 6:7

Verse 14
And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:
Let there
Deuteronomy 4:19; Job 25:3,5; 38:12-14; Psalms 8:3,4; 19:1-6; 74:16,17; 104:19,20; Psalms 119:91; 136:7-9; 148:3,6; Isaiah 40:26; Jeremiah 31:35; 33:20,25
lights
Or, rather, luminaries or light-bearers; being a different world from that rendered light, in ver. 3, the day from the night.
between the day and between the night
and let.
8:22; 9:13; Job 3:9; 38:31,32; Psalms 81:3; Ezekiel 32:7,8; 46:1,6; Joel 2:10,30,31; 3:15; Amos 5:8; 8:9; Matthew 2:2; 16:2,3; 24:29; Mark 13:24; Luke 21:25,26; 23:45; Acts 2:19,20; Revelation 6:12; 8:12; 9:2

Verse 16
And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.
to rule
Heb. for the rule, etc.
Deuteronomy 4:19; Joshua 10:12-14; Job 31:26; 38:7; Psalms 8:3; 19:6; 74:16; Psalms 136:7,8,9; 148:3,5; Isaiah 13:10; 24:23; 45:7; Habakkuk 3:11; Matthew 24:29; Matthew 27:45; 1 Corinthians 15:41; Revelation 16:8,9; 21:23
he made the stars also
Or, with the stars also.

Verse 17
And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth,
9:13; Job 38:12; Psalms 8:1,3; Acts 13:47

Verse 18
And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.
Psalms 19:6; Jeremiah 31:35

Verse 20
And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.
Let the waters
22; 2:19; 8:17; Psalms 104:24,25; 148:10; Acts 17:25
moving
or, creeping.
1 Kings 4:33
life
Heb. a living soul.
30; Ecclesiastes 2:21
fowl that may fly
Heb. let fowl fly. This marginal reading is more conformable to the original, and reconciles this passage with ch. 2:19. The word fowl, from the Saxon fleon, to fly, exactly corresponds to the original, which denotes every thing that flies, whether bird or insect.
open firmament
Heb. face of the firmament.
7,14

Verse 21
And God created great whales, and every living creature that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind: and God saw that it was good.
great
6:20; 7:14; 8:19; Job 7:12; 26:5; Psalms 104:24-26; Ezekiel 32:2; Jonah 1:17; Jonah 2:10; Matthew 12:40
brought
8:17; 9:7; Exodus 1:7; 8:3
God saw
18,25,31

Verse 22
And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth.
28; 8:17; 9:1; 30:27,30; 35:11; Leviticus 26:9; Job 40:15; 42:12; Psalms 107:31,38; Psalms 128:3; 144:13,14; Proverbs 10:22

Verse 24
And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so.
Let
6:20; 7:14; 8:19; Job 38:39,40; 39:1,5,9,19; 40:15; Psalms 50:9,10; Psalms 104:18,23; 148:10; Cattle, denotes domestic animals living on vegetables;--Beasts of the earth, wild animals; especially such as live on flesh; and--Creeping things, reptiles; or all the different genera of serpents, worms, and such animals as have no feet.

Verse 25
And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was good.
2:19,20; Job 12:8-10; 26:13

Verse 26
And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.
Let us
3:22; 11:7; Job 35:10; Psalms 100:3; 149:2; Isaiah 64:8; John 5:17; 14:23; 1 John 5:7
man
In Hebrew, Adam; probably so called either from the red earth of which he was formed, or from the blush or flesh-tint of the human countenance: the name is intended to designate the species.
in our
5:1; 9:6; Ecclesiastes 7:29; Acts 17:26,28,29; 1 Corinthians 11:7; 2 Corinthians 3:18; 4:4; Ephesians 4:24; Colossians 1:15; 3:10; James 3:9
have dominion
9:2,3,4; Job 5:23; Psalms 8:4-8; 104:20-24; Ecclesiastes 7:29; Jeremiah 27:6; Acts 17:20,28,29; 1 Corinthians 11:7; 2 Corinthians 3:18; Ephesians 4:24; Colossians 3:10; Hebrews 2:6-9; James 3:7,9

Verse 27
So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.
in the image
Psalms 139:14; Isaiah 43:7; Ephesians 2:10; 4:24; Colossians 1:15; 26
male
2:21-25; 5:2; Malachi 2:15; Matthew 19:4; Mark 10:6; 1 Corinthians 11:8,9

Verse 28
And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.
22; 8:17; 9:1,7; 17:16,20; 22:17,18; 24:60; 26:3,4,24; 33:5; 49:25; Leviticus 26:9; 1 Chronicles 4:10; 26:5; Job 42:12; Psalms 107:38; 127:1-5; 128:3,4; Isaiah 45:18; 1 Timothy 4:3
moveth
Heb. creepeth.
Psalms 69:34; *marg:

Verse 29
And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat.
I have
Psalms 24:1; 115:16; Hosea 2:8; Acts 17:24,25,28; 1 Timothy 6:17
bearing
Heb. seeding. to you.
2:16; 9:3; Job 36:31; Psalms 104:14,15,27,28; 111:5; 136:25; 145:15,16; Psalms 146:7; 147:9; Isaiah 33:16; Matthew 6:11,25,26; Acts 14:17

Verse 30
And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so.
9:3; Job 38:39-41; 39:4,8,30; 40:15,20; Psalms 104:14; 145:15,16; 147:9
life
Heb. a living soul.

Verse 31
And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.
very good
Job 38:7; Psalms 19:1,2; 104:24,31; Lamentations 3:38; 1 Timothy 4:4
and the
5,8,13,19,23; 2:2; Exodus 20:11

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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Genesis 1". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=ge&chapter=001>.