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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter 63

Overview
1   Christ shews who he is,
2   what his victory over his enemies,
7   and what his mercy toward his church.
10   In his just wrath he remembers his free mercy.
15   The church, in her prayer,
17   and complaint, professes her faith.

Verse 1
Who is this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? this that is glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength? I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save.


is this
Psalms 24:7-10; Song of Solomon 3:6; 6:10; 8:5; Matthew 21:10
from Edom
34:5,6; Psalms 137:7
dyed
2,3; 9:5; Revelation 19:13
Bozrah
Amos 1:11,12
glorious
Heb. decked. travelling.
Psalms 45:3,4; Revelation 11:17,18
speak
45:19,23; Numbers 23:19
mighty
John 10:28-30; Hebrews 7:25; 1 Peter 1:5; Jude 1:24,25

Verse 3
I have trodden the winepress alone; and of the people there was none with me: for I will tread them in mine anger, and trample them in my fury; and their blood shall be sprinkled upon my garments, and I will stain all my raiment.
trodden
25:10; Lamentations 1:15; Malachi 4:3; Revelation 14:19,20; 19:13-15
and of the people
The very remarkable passage contained in the first six verses of this chapter seems in a manner detached from the rest, and to stand by itself; containing a prophetical representation of the victories of the Messiah over the enemies of his church, here designated by the names of Edom and Bozrah. Though, as Bp. Lowth observes, this prophecy must have its accomplishment, there is no necessity for supposing that it has been already accomplished. There are prophecies which intimate a great slaughter of the enemies of God and his people, which remain to be fulfilled: those in Eze ch. 38, and Re ch. 20 are called Gog and Magog. This prophecy of Isaiah may possibly refer to the same, or the like event.
and trample
6; 34:2-5; 2 Kings 9:33; Ezekiel 38:18-22; Micah 7:10; Zechariah 10:5

Verse 4
For the day of vengeance is in mine heart, and the year of my redeemed is come.
34:8; 35:4; 61:2; Jeremiah 51:6; Zechariah 3:8; Luke 21:22; Revelation 6:9-17; 11:13; Revelation 18:20

Verse 5
And I looked, and there was none to help; and I wondered that there was none to uphold: therefore mine own arm brought salvation unto me; and my fury, it upheld me.
looked
3; 41:28; 50:2; 59:16; John 16:32
mine own
40:10; 51:9; 52:10; Psalms 44:3; 98:1; Hosea 1:7; 1 Corinthians 1:24; Hebrews 2:14,15
my fury
59:16-18

Verse 6
And I will tread down the people in mine anger, and make them drunk in my fury, and I will bring down their strength to the earth.
make
2,3; 49:26; 51:21-23; Job 21:20; Psalms 60:3; 75:8; Jeremiah 25:16,17,26,27; Lamentations 3:15; Revelation 14:10; 16:6,19; 18:3-6
I will bring
25:10-12; 26:5,6; Revelation 18:21

Verse 7
I will mention the lovingkindnesses of the LORD, and the praises of the LORD, according to all that the LORD hath bestowed on us, and the great goodness toward the house of Israel, which he hath bestowed on them according to his mercies, and according to the multitude of his lovingkindnesses.
mention
41:8,9; 51:2; Nehemiah 9:7-15,19-21,27,31; Psalms 63:3; 78:11-72; 105:5-45; Psalms 107:8,15,21,31; 136:1-26; 147:19,20; Ezekiel 16:6-14; Hosea 2:19
the great goodness
1 Kings 8:66; 2 Chronicles 7:10; Nehemiah 9:25,35; Zechariah 9:17; Romans 2:4
according to his
55:7; Exodus 34:6,7; Numbers 14:18,19; Psalms 51:1; 86:5,15; Lamentations 3:32; Romans 5:20; Ephesians 1:6,7; 2:4; 1 Timothy 1:14; Titus 3:4-7

Verse 8
For he said, Surely they are my people, children that will not lie: so he was their Saviour.
Surely
41:8; Genesis 17:7; Exodus 3:7; 4:22,23; 6:7; 19:5,6; Romans 11:1,2,28
children
57:11; Exodus 24:7; Psalms 78:36,37; Zephaniah 3:7; John 1:47; Ephesians 4:25; Colossians 3:9
so he
12:2; 43:3,11; Deuteronomy 33:29; Psalms 106:21; Jeremiah 14:8; Hosea 13:4; 1 John 4:14; Jude 1:25

Verse 9
In all their affliction he was afflicted, and the angel of his presence saved them: in his love and in his pity he redeemed them; and he bare them, and carried them all the days of old.
all their
Exodus 3:7-9; Judges 10:16; Zechariah 2:8; Matthew 25:40,45; Acts 9:4; Hebrews 2:18; 4:15
the angel
Genesis 22:11-17; 48:16; Exodus 14:19; 23:20,21; 33:14; Hosea 1:7; 12:3-5; Malachi 3:1; Acts 7:30-32,34,35,38; 12:11; 1 Corinthians 10:9
in his
Deuteronomy 7:7,8; Psalms 78:38; 106:7-10; Titus 2:14; 1 John 4:9,10; Revelation 1:5; 5:9
carried
46:3,4; Exodus 19:4; Deuteronomy 1:31; 32:11,12; Luke 15:5

Verse 10
But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them.
they rebelled
1:2; 65:2; Exodus 15:24; 16:8; 32:8; Numbers 14:9-11; 16:1-35; Deuteronomy 9:7,22-24; Nehemiah 9:16,17,26,29; Lamentations 1:18,20; Ezekiel 2:3,7; 20:8,13,21
vexed
Psalms 78:8,40,49,56; 95:9-11; Ezekiel 6:9; Acts 7:51; Ephesians 4:30
he was
Exodus 23:21; Leviticus 26:17-46; Deuteronomy 28:15-68; 32:19-25; Jeremiah 21:5; 30:14; Lamentations 2:4,5; Matthew 22:7

Verse 11
Then he remembered the days of old, Moses, and his people, saying, Where is he that brought them up out of the sea with the shepherd of his flock? where is he that put his holy Spirit within him?
he remembered
Leviticus 26:40-45; Deuteronomy 4:30,31; Psalms 25:6; 77:5-11; 89:47-50; 143:5; Luke 1:54,55
Where is he that brought
15; 51:9,10; Exodus 14:30; 32:11,12; Numbers 14:13,14-25; Jeremiah 2:6
shepherd
or, shepherds.
Psalms 77:20
where is he that put
Numbers 11:17,25,29; Nehemiah 9:20; Daniel 4:8; Haggai 2:5; Zechariah 4:6

Verse 12
That led them by the right hand of Moses with his glorious arm, dividing the water before them, to make himself an everlasting name?
with
Exodus 15:6,13,16; Psalms 80:1
dividing
Exodus 14:21; Joshua 3:16; Nehemiah 9:11; Psalms 78:13; 114:5-7; 136:13-16
to make
55:13; Exodus 14:16,17; Romans 9:17

Verse 13
That led them through the deep, as an horse in the wilderness, that they should not stumble?
Psalms 106:9; Habakkuk 3:15

Verse 14
As a beast goeth down into the valley, the Spirit of the LORD caused him to rest: so didst thou lead thy people, to make thyself a glorious name.
the Spirit
Joshua 22:4; 23:1; Hebrews 4:8-11
to make
12; Numbers 14:21; 2 Samuel 7:23; 1 Chronicles 29:13; Nehemiah 9:5; Luke 2:14; Ephesians 1:6,12

Verse 15
Look down from heaven, and behold from the habitation of thy holiness and of thy glory: where is thy zeal and thy strength, the sounding of thy bowels and of thy mercies toward me? are they restrained?
down
Deuteronomy 26:15; Psalms 33:14; 80:14; 102:19,20; Lamentations 3:50
the habitation
57:15; 66:1; 1 Kings 8:27; 2 Chronicles 30:27; Psalms 113:5,6; 123:1
where
51:9,10; Psalms 89:49
sounding
or, multitude. thy bowels.
9; 49:15; Psalms 25:6; *marg:; Jeremiah 31:20; Hosea 11:8; Luke 1:78; *marg:; Philippians 2:1; 1 John 3:17
Are
Psalms 77:7-9

Verse 16
Doubtless thou art our father, though Abraham be ignorant of us, and Israel acknowledge us not: thou, O LORD, art our father, our redeemer; thy name is from everlasting.
thou art
64:8; Exodus 4:22; Deuteronomy 32:6; 1 Chronicles 29:10; Jeremiah 3:19; 31:9; Malachi 1:6; 2:10; Matthew 6:9
though
Job 14:21; Ecclesiastes 9:5
redeemer; thy name is from everlasting
or, Redeemer from everlasting is thy name.
12; 41:14; 43:14; 44:6; 54:5; 1 Peter 1:18-21

Verse 17
O LORD, why hast thou made us to err from thy ways, and hardened our heart from thy fear? Return for thy servants' sake, the tribes of thine inheritance.
why
Psalms 119:10,36; 141:4; Ezekiel 14:7-9; 2 Thessalonians 2:11,12
and hardened
6:10; Deuteronomy 2:30; Joshua 11:20; John 12:40; Romans 9:18-20
Return
Numbers 10:36; Psalms 74:1,2; 80:14; 90:13; Zechariah 1:12

Verse 18
The people of thy holiness have possessed it but a little while: our adversaries have trodden down thy sanctuary.
people
62:12; Exodus 19:4-6; Deuteronomy 7:6; 26:19; Daniel 8:24; 1 Peter 2:9
our
64:11,12; Psalms 74:3-7; Lamentations 1:10; 4:1; Matthew 24:2; Revelation 11:2

Verse 19
We are thine: thou never barest rule over them; they were not called by thy name.
are thine
Psalms 79:6; 135:4; Jeremiah 10:25; Acts 14:16; Romans 9:4; Ephesians 2:12
they were not called by thy name
or, thy name was not called upon them.
65:1; Amos 9:12; Acts 15:17

Copyright Statement
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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 63". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=isa&chapter=063>.