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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter 3

Overview
1   The prophet bewails his own calamities.
22   By the mercies of God, he nourishes his hope.
37   He acknowledges God's justice.
55   He prays for deliverance,
64   and vengeance on his enemies.

Verse 1
I am the man that hath seen affliction by the rod of his wrath.


the man
1:12-14; Job 19:21; Psalms 71:20; 88:7,15,16; Isaiah 53:3; Jeremiah 15:17,18; Jeremiah 20:14-18; 38:6
his wrath
That is, the wrath of God.

Verse 2
He hath led me, and brought me into darkness, but not into light.
brought
53-55; 2:1; Deuteronomy 28:29; Job 18:18; 30:26; Isaiah 59:9; Jeremiah 13:16; Amos 5:18-20; Jude 1:6,13

Verse 3
Surely against me is he turned; he turneth his hand against me all the day.
2:4-7; Deuteronomy 29:20; Job 31:21; Isaiah 1:25; 63:10

Verse 4
My flesh and my skin hath he made old; he hath broken my bones.
My flesh
Job 16:8,9; Psalms 31:9,10; 32:3; 38:2-8; 102:3-5
he hath
Psalms 22:14; 51:8; Isaiah 38:13; Jeremiah 50:17

Verse 5
He hath builded against me, and compassed me with gall and travail.
builded
7-9; Job 19:8
gall
19; Psalms 69:21; Jeremiah 8:14; 9:15; 23:15

Verse 6
He hath set me in dark places, as they that be dead of old.
in dark
Psalms 88:5,6; 143:3,7

Verse 7
He hath hedged me about, that I cannot get out: he hath made my chain heavy.
hedged
9; Job 3:23; 19:8; Psalms 88:8; Jeremiah 38:6; Hosea 2:6
made
1:14; 5:5; Daniel 9:12

Verse 8
Also when I cry and shout, he shutteth out my prayer.
44; Job 19:7; 30:20; Psalms 22:2; 80:4; Habakkuk 1:2; Matthew 27:46

Verse 9
He hath inclosed my ways with hewn stone, he hath made my paths crooked.
made
11; Isaiah 30:28; 63:17

Verse 10
He was unto me as a bear lying in wait, and as a lion in secret places.
unto
Job 10:16; Isaiah 38:13; Hosea 5:14; 6:1; 13:7,8; Amos 5:18-20
in secret
Psalms 10:9; 17:12

Verse 11
He hath turned aside my ways, and pulled me in pieces: he hath made me desolate.
pulled
Job 16:12,13; Psalms 50:22; Jeremiah 5:6; 51:20-22; Daniel 2:40-44; 7:23; Micah 5:8; Hosea 6:1
he hath made
1:13; Job 16:7; Isaiah 3:26; Jeremiah 6:8; 9:10,11; 19:8; 32:43; Matthew 23:38; Revelation 18:19

Verse 12
He hath bent his bow, and set me as a mark for the arrow.
bent
Job 6:4; 7:20; 16:12,13; Psalms 7:12,13; 38:2

Verse 13
He hath caused the arrows of his quiver to enter into my reins.
arrows
Heb. sons.
Deuteronomy 32:23; Job 6:4; 41:28

Verse 14
I was a derision to all my people; and their song all the day.
63; Nehemiah 4:2-4; Job 30:1-9; Psalms 22:6,7; 35:15,16; 44:13; 69:11,12; Psalms 79:4; 123:3,4; 137:3; Jeremiah 20:7; 48:27; Matthew 27:39-44; 1 Corinthians 4:9-13

Verse 15
He hath filled me with bitterness, he hath made me drunken with wormwood.
filled
19; Ruth 1:20; Job 9:18; Psalms 60:3; Isaiah 51:17-22; Jeremiah 9:15; 23:15; Jeremiah 25:15-18,27
bitterness
Heb. bitternesses.

Verse 16
He hath also broken my teeth with gravel stones, he hath covered me with ashes.
broken
Job 4:10; Psalms 3:7; 58:6
gravel
Proverbs 20:17; Matthew 7:9; Luke 11:11
he hath
Psalms 102:9
covered me with ashes
or, rolled me in the ashes.
Job 2:8; Jeremiah 6:26; Jonah 3:6

Verse 17
And thou hast removed my soul far off from peace: I forgat prosperity.
thou
1:16; Psalms 119:155; Isaiah 38:17; 54:10; 59:11; Jeremiah 8:15; 14:19; 16:5; Zechariah 8:10
I forgat
Genesis 41:30; Job 7:7; Jeremiah 20:14-18
prosperity
Heb. good.

Verse 18
And I said, My strength and my hope is perished from the LORD:
1 Samuel 27:1; Job 6:11; 17:15; Psalms 31:22; 116:11; Ezekiel 37:11

Verse 19
Remembering mine affliction and my misery, the wormwood and the gall.
Remembering
or, Remember.
Nehemiah 9:32; Job 7:7; Psalms 89:47,50; 132:1
the
5,15; Jeremiah 9:15

Verse 20
My soul hath them still in remembrance, and is humbled in me.
hath
Job 21:6
humbled
Heb. bowed.
Psalms 42:5,6,11; 43:5; 146:8

Verse 21
This I recall to my mind, therefore have I hope.
recall to my mind
Heb. make to return to my heart.
Psalms 77:7-11
therefore
24-29; Psalms 119:81; 130:7; Habakkuk 2:3

Verse 22
It is of the LORD'S mercies that we are not consumed, because his compassions fail not.
of
Ezra 9:8,9,13-15; Nehemiah 9:31; Psalms 78:38; 106:45; Ezekiel 20:8,9,13,14,21; Ezekiel 20:22; Malachi 3:6
because
Psalms 77:8; 86:15; Micah 7:18,19; Luke 1:50

Verse 23
They are new every morning: great is thy faithfulness.
new
Psalms 30:5; Isaiah 33:2; Zephaniah 3:5
great
Exodus 34:6; Psalms 36:5; 89:1,2,33; 146:6; Titus 1:2; Hebrews 6:18; 10:23

Verse 24
The LORD is my portion, saith my soul; therefore will I hope in him.
my portion
Psalms 16:5; 73:26; 119:57; 142:5; Jeremiah 10:16; 51:19
therefore
21; 1 Samuel 30:6; 1 Chronicles 5:20; Job 13:15; Psalms 31:24; 33:18; 42:11; 43:5; Psalms 62:8; 84:12; 130:7; Romans 15:12; 1 Peter 1:21

Verse 25
The LORD is good unto them that wait for him, to the soul that seeketh him.
good
26; Genesis 49:18; Psalms 25:8; 27:14; 37:7,34; 39:7; 40:1-5; 61:1,5; Psalms 130:5,6; Isaiah 25:9; 30:18; 40:31; 64:4; Micah 7:7,8; Zephaniah 3:8; 1 Thessalonians 1:10; James 5:7
to
1 Chronicles 28:9; 2 Chronicles 15:2; 19:3; 30:19; 31:21; Psalms 22:26; 27:8; 69:32; 105:3; Psalms 119:2; Isaiah 26:9; 55:6; Hosea 10:12

Verse 26
It is good that a man should both hope and quietly wait for the salvation of the LORD.
good
Psalms 52:9; 54:6; 73:28; 92:1; Galatians 4:18
hope
Hebrews 3:14; 10:35; 1 Peter 1:13
quietly
Genesis 49:18; Exodus 14:13; 2 Chronicles 20:17; Psalms 37:7,34; 119:166,174; 130:5; Isaiah 30:7,15

Verse 27
It is good for a man that he bear the yoke in his youth.
bear
Psalms 90:12; 94:12; 119:71; Ecclesiastes 12:1; Matthew 11:29,30; Hebrews 12:5-12

Verse 28
He sitteth alone and keepeth silence, because he hath borne it upon him.
2:10; Psalms 39:9; 102:7; Jeremiah 15:17

Verse 29
He putteth his mouth in the dust; if so be there may be hope.
putteth
2 Chronicles 33:12; Job 40:4; 42:5,6; Ezekiel 16:63; Romans 3:19
if
Joel 2:14; Jonah 3:9; Zephaniah 2:3; Luke 15:18,19; 18:13

Verse 30
He giveth his cheek to him that smiteth him: he is filled full with reproach.
his
Job 16:10; Isaiah 50:6; Micah 5:1; Matthew 5:39; 26:67; Luke 6:29; 2 Corinthians 11:20
filled
Psalms 69:9,20; 123:3

Verse 31
For the Lord will not cast off for ever:
1 Samuel 12:22; Psalms 77:7; 94:14; 103:8-10; Isaiah 54:7-10; 57:16; Jeremiah 31:37; Jeremiah 32:40; 33:24; Micah 7:18; Romans 11:1-6

Verse 32
But though he cause grief, yet will he have compassion according to the multitude of his mercies.
22; Exodus 2:23; 3:7; Judges 10:16; 2 Kings 13:23; Psalms 30:5; 78:38; 103:11; Psalms 106:43-45; Jeremiah 31:20; Hosea 11:8; Luke 15:20

Verse 33
For he doth not afflict willingly nor grieve the children of men.
afflict
Isaiah 28:21; Ezekiel 18:32; 33:11; Hebrews 12:9,10
willingly
Heb. from his heart.

Verse 34
To crush under his feet all the prisoners of the earth,
crush
Isaiah 51:22,23; Jeremiah 50:17,33,34; 51:33-36
all
Psalms 69:33; 79:11; 102:20; Isaiah 14:17; 49:9; Zechariah 9:11,12

Verse 36
To subvert a man in his cause, the Lord approveth not.
the Lord
2 Samuel 11:27; Isaiah 59:15; Habakkuk 1:13
approveth
Heb. seeth.

Verse 37
Who is he that saith, and it cometh to pass, when the Lord commandeth it not?
saith
Psalms 33:9-11; Proverbs 16:9; 19:21; 21:30; Isaiah 46:10; Daniel 4:35; Romans 9:15; Ephesians 1:11; James 4:13-15

Verse 38
Out of the mouth of the most High proceedeth not evil and good?
Job 2:10; Psalms 75:7; Proverbs 29:26; Isaiah 45:7; Amos 3:6

Verse 39
Wherefore doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins?
doth
22; Numbers 11:11; Proverbs 19:3; Isaiah 38:17-19
complain
or, murmur. a man.
Genesis 4:5-7,13,14; Leviticus 26:41,43; Numbers 16:41; 17:12; Joshua 7:6-13; 2 Samuel 6:7,8; 2 Kings 3:13; 6:32; Ezra 9:13; Job 11:6; Isaiah 51:20; Jonah 2:3,4; Jonah 4:8,9; Micah 7:9; Hebrews 12:5-12; Revelation 16:9

Verse 40
Let us search and try our ways, and turn again to the LORD.
search
1 Chronicles 15:12,13; Job 11:13-15; 34:31,32; Psalms 4:4; 119:59; 139:23,24; Ezekiel 18:28; Haggai 1:5-9; 1 Corinthians 11:28,31; 2 Corinthians 13:5
turn
Deuteronomy 4:30; 2 Chronicles 30:6,9; Isaiah 55:7; Hosea 6:1; 12:6; 14:1-3; Joel 2:12,13; Zechariah 1:3,4; Acts 26:20

Verse 41
Let us lift up our heart with our hands unto God in the heavens.
lift
Psalms 25:1; 86:4; 143:6-8
with
Psalms 28:2; 63:4; 141:2; 1 Thessalonians 2:8

Verse 42
We have transgressed and have rebelled: thou hast not pardoned.
transgressed
1:18; 5:16; Nehemiah 9:26; Job 33:27,28; Jeremiah 3:13; Daniel 9:5-14; Luke 15:18,19
thou
2 Kings 24:4; Jeremiah 5:7,8; Ezekiel 24:13; Zechariah 1:5

Verse 43
Thou hast covered with anger, and persecuted us: thou hast slain, thou hast not pitied.
covered
2:1; Psalms 44:19
persecuted
66; Psalms 83:15
thou hast slain
2:2,17,21; 2 Chronicles 36:16,17; Ezekiel 7:9; 8:18; 9:10

Verse 44
Thou hast covered thyself with a cloud, that our prayer should not pass through.
covered
Psalms 97:2
that
8; Psalms 80:4; Jeremiah 14:11; 15:1; Zechariah 7:13

Verse 45
Thou hast made us as the offscouring and refuse in the midst of the people.
as
14; 2:15; 4:14,15; Deuteronomy 28:13,37,44; 1 Corinthians 4:13

Verse 46
All our enemies have opened their mouths against us.
have
2:16; Exodus 11:7; Job 30:9-11; Psalms 22:6-8; 44:13,14; 79:4,10; Matthew 27:38-45

Verse 47
Fear and a snare is come upon us, desolation and destruction.
Fear
Isaiah 24:17,18; 51:19; Jeremiah 48:43,44; Luke 21:35
desolation
1:4,13; 2:1-9

Verse 48
Mine eye runneth down with rivers of water for the destruction of the daughter of my people.
2:11,18; Psalms 119:136; Jeremiah 4:19; 9:1,18; 13:17; Romans 9:1-3

Verse 49
Mine eye trickleth down, and ceaseth not, without any intermission,
and
1:16; Psalms 77:2; Jeremiah 14:17

Verse 50
Till the LORD look down, and behold from heaven.
2:20; 5:1; Psalms 80:14-16; 102:19,20; Isaiah 62:6,7; 63:15; 64:1; Daniel 9:16-19

Verse 51
Mine eye affecteth mine heart because of all the daughters of my city.
eye
Genesis 44:34; 1 Samuel 30:3,4; Jeremiah 4:19-21; 14:18; Luke 19:41-44
mine heart
Heb. my soul. because of all. or, more than all. the daughters.
1:18; 2:21; 5:11; Jeremiah 11:22; 14:16; 19:9

Verse 52
Mine enemies chased me sore, like a bird, without cause.
chased
Jeremiah 37:15,16; 38:4-6
without
1 Samuel 24:10-15; 25:28,29; 26:18-20; Psalms 35:7,19; 69:4; 109:3; 119:161; Jeremiah 37:18; John 15:25

Verse 53
They have cut off my life in the dungeon, and cast a stone upon me.
cut
Jeremiah 37:20; 38:6,9
and
Daniel 6:17; Matthew 27:60,66

Verse 54
Waters flowed over mine head; then I said, I am cut off.
Waters
Psalms 18:4; 69:1,2,15; 124:4,5; Jonah 2:3-5
I said
18; Job 17:11-16; Psalms 31:22; Isaiah 38:10-13; Ezekiel 37:11; 2 Corinthians 1:8-10

Verse 55
I called upon thy name, O LORD, out of the low dungeon.
2 Chronicles 33:11,12; Psalms 18:5,6; 40:1,2; 69:13-18; 116:3,4; 130:1,2; Psalms 142:3-7; Jeremiah 38:6; Jonah 2:2-4; Acts 16:24-28

Verse 56
Thou hast heard my voice: hide not thine ear at my breathing, at my cry.
hast
2 Chronicles 33:13,19; Job 34:28; Psalms 3:4; 6:8,9; 34:6; 66:19; 116:1,2; Isaiah 38:5
hide
Psalms 55:1; 88:13,14; Romans 8:26

Verse 57
Thou drewest near in the day that I called upon thee: thou saidst, Fear not.
drewest
Psalms 69:18; 145:18; Isaiah 58:9; James 4:8
thou saidst
Isaiah 41:10,14; 43:1,2; Jeremiah 1:17; Acts 18:9; 27:24; Revelation 1:17; 2:10

Verse 58
O Lord, thou hast pleaded the causes of my soul; thou hast redeemed my life.
thou hast pleaded
1 Samuel 25:39; Psalms 35:1; Jeremiah 51:36
thou hast redeemed
Genesis 48:16; Psalms 34:22; 71:23; 103:4

Verse 59
O LORD, thou hast seen my wrong: judge thou my cause.
thou hast
Jeremiah 11:19-21; 15:10; 18:18-23; 20:7-10; 37:1-38
judge
Genesis 31:42; Psalms 9:4; 26:1; 35:1,23; 43:1; 1 Peter 2:23

Verse 60
Thou hast seen all their vengeance and all their imaginations against me.
59; Psalms 10:14; Jeremiah 11:19,20

Verse 61
Thou hast heard their reproach, O LORD, and all their imaginations against me;
30; 5:1; Psalms 74:18; 89:50; Zephaniah 2:8

Verse 62
The lips of those that rose up against me, and their device against me all the day.
lips
Psalms 59:7,12; 140:3; Ezekiel 36:3
and
Jeremiah 18:18

Verse 63
Behold their sitting down, and their rising up; I am their musick.
their sitting
Psalms 139:2
I am
14; Job 30:9

Verse 64
Render unto them a recompence, O LORD, according to the work of their hands.
Psalms 28:4; Jeremiah 11:20; 50:29; 2 Timothy 4:14; Revelation 6:10; 18:6

Verse 65
Give them sorrow of heart, thy curse unto them.
sorrow
or, obstinacy.
Deuteronomy 2:30; Isaiah 6:10
thy
Deuteronomy 27:15-26; Psalms 109:17,18; 1 Corinthians 16:22

Verse 66
Persecute and destroy them in anger from under the heavens of the LORD.
Persecute
43; Psalms 35:6; 73:15
under
Deuteronomy 7:24; 25:19; 29:20; 2 Kings 14:27; Jeremiah 10:11
heavens
Psalms 8:3; 115:16; Isaiah 66:1

Copyright Statement
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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Lamentations 3". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=la&chapter=003>.