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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter 69

Overview
1   David complains of his affliction.
13   He prays for deliverance.
22   He devotes his enemies to destruction.
30   He praises God with thanksgiving.

Verse 1
Save me, O God; for the waters are come in unto my soul.


(Title
&) Shoshannim.
45:1; 60:1; 80:1; *titles
A Psalm
It is uncertain when this Psalm was composed; though it is probable that it was written by David during the rebellion of Absalom. It is an exceedingly fine composition; it evidently refers to the advent, passion, and resurrection of our Lord, to the vocation of the Gentiles, and the reprobation of Jews: See the Marginal References.
the waters
2,14,15; 18:4; 42:7; Isaiah 28:17; 43:2; Lamentations 3:54; Jonah 2:3-5; Revelation 12:15,16; 17:15

Verse 2
I sink in deep mire, where there is no standing: I am come into deep waters, where the floods overflow me.
I sink
40:2; Jeremiah 38:6,22
deep mire
Heb. the mire of depth. deep waters. Heb. depth of waters.
88:6,7; Ezekiel 27:26-34
the floods
32:6; Genesis 7:17-23; Matthew 7:25; 26:37,38

Verse 3
I am weary of my crying: my throat is dried: mine eyes fail while I wait for my God.
I am
6:6; 13:1-3; 22:2; Hebrews 5:7
my throat
21; 22:15; John 19:28
mine
119:82,123; Deuteronomy 28:32; Job 11:20; 16:16; Isaiah 38:14; Lamentations 2:11
I wait
25:21; 39:7

Verse 4
They that hate me without a cause are more than the hairs of mine head: they that would destroy me, being mine enemies wrongfully, are mighty: then I restored that which I took not away.
hate
John 15:25; 1 Peter 2:22
more than
40:12
being
7:3-5; 35:12,19; 38:19,20; 109:3-5
then I
Isaiah 53:4-7; 2 Corinthians 5:21; 1 Peter 2:24; 3:18

Verse 5
O God, thou knowest my foolishness; and my sins are not hid from thee.
and my sins
Heb. and my guiltiness.
17:3; 19:12; 44:20,21
hid
38:9; Jeremiah 16:17

Verse 6
Let not them that wait on thee, O Lord GOD of hosts, be ashamed for my sake: let not those that seek thee be confounded for my sake, O God of Israel.
Let not
7:7; 25:3; 35:26; Isaiah 49:23; Luke 24:19-21; Acts 4:7
O God of Israel
72:18; 2 Samuel 23:3; Acts 13:17,23

Verse 7
Because for thy sake I have borne reproach; shame hath covered my face.
Because
22:6-8; 44:22; Jeremiah 15:15; John 15:21-24
shame
Isaiah 50:6; 53:3; Matthew 26:67,68; 27:29,30,38-44; Luke 23:11,35-37; Hebrews 12:2

Verse 8
I am become a stranger unto my brethren, and an alien unto my mother's children.
become
31:11; Job 19:13-19; Matthew 26:48-50,56,70-74; John 1:11; 7:5
and an alien
1 Samuel 17:28; Micah 7:5,6; Matthew 10:21,22,35,36

Verse 9
For the zeal of thine house hath eaten me up; and the reproaches of them that reproached thee are fallen upon me.
zeal
119:139; 1 Kings 19:10; 1 Chronicles 15:27-29; 29:3; Mark 11:15-17; John 2:14-17
and the
89:50,51; Romans 15:3

Verse 10
When I wept, and chastened my soul with fasting, that was to my reproach.
102:8,9; 109:24,25; Luke 7:33,34

Verse 11
I made sackcloth also my garment; and I became a proverb to them.
I made
35:13,14; Isaiah 20:2; 22:12; Joel 1:8,13
I became
44:13,14; Deuteronomy 28:37; 1 Kings 9:7; Jeremiah 24:9

Verse 12
They that sit in the gate speak against me; and I was the song of the drunkards.
They
Deuteronomy 16:18; Matthew 27:12,13,20,41,42,62,63; Luke 23:2; Acts 4:26,27
I was
35:15,16; Job 30:8,9; Mark 15:17-19
drunkards
Heb. drinkers of strong drink.
Daniel 5:2-4,23

Verse 13
But as for me, my prayer is unto thee, O LORD, in an acceptable time: O God, in the multitude of thy mercy hear me, in the truth of thy salvation.
my prayer
55:16,17; 91:15; Matthew 26:36-46; Luke 22:44; John 17:1-26; Hebrews 5:7; 1 Peter 2:23
in an
1 Samuel 25:8; Esther 5:2,6; 7:2; Isaiah 49:8; 55:6; 2 Corinthians 6:2
in the
40:10,11; 98:3; Genesis 24:27; Micah 7:20; Luke 1:72; Acts 13:32,33; Romans 15:8,9

Verse 14
Deliver me out of the mire, and let me not sink: let me be delivered from them that hate me, and out of the deep waters.
Deliver
40:1-3; Jeremiah 38:6-13; Lamentations 3:55
let me
25:18,19; 35:19; 109:3,21; Luke 19:14,27; Acts 5:30,31
out of
1,2,15; 42:7; 124:4,5; 144:7; Mark 14:34-42; 15:34

Verse 15
Let not the waterflood overflow me, neither let the deep swallow me up, and let not the pit shut her mouth upon me.
waterflood
Isaiah 43:1,2; Jonah 2:2-7; Matthew 12:40; Revelation 12:15,16
pit
16:10; 88:4-6; Numbers 16:33,34; Acts 2:24,31

Verse 16
Hear me, O LORD; for thy lovingkindness is good: turn unto me according to the multitude of thy tender mercies.
for thy
36:7; 63:3; 109:21
turn
25:16; 26:11; 86:15,16; Micah 7:19
according
13; 51:1; Isaiah 63:7

Verse 17
And hide not thy face from thy servant; for I am in trouble: hear me speedily.
hide
13:1; 22:24; 27:9; 44:24; 102:2; 143:9; Matthew 27:46
for I am
Matthew 26:38
hear me speedily
Heb. make haste to hear me.
40:13; 70:1; Job 7:21

Verse 18
Draw nigh unto my soul, and redeem it: deliver me because of mine enemies.
Draw
10:1; 22:1,19; Jeremiah 14:8
redeem
31:5; 111:9; Job 6:23
because
Deuteronomy 32:27; Joshua 7:9

Verse 19
Thou hast known my reproach, and my shame, and my dishonour: mine adversaries are all before thee.
my reproach
7-9; 22:6,7; Isaiah 53:3; Hebrews 12:2; 1 Peter 2:23
dishonour
John 8:49
mine
2:2-4; 38:9

Verse 20
Reproach hath broken my heart; and I am full of heaviness: and I looked for some to take pity, but there was none; and for comforters, but I found none.
Reproach
42:10; 123:4; Hebrews 11:36
I am
42:6; Matthew 26:37,38; John 12:27
I looked
Isaiah 63:5; Mark 14:37,50
take pity
Heb. to lament with me. but there.
142:4; John 16:32; 2 Timothy 4:16,17
comforters
Job 16:2; 19:21,22; Matthew 26:56

Verse 21
They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.
gall for my meat
Bochart, from a comparison of this passage with Joh 19:29, thinks that rosh is the same herb as the evangelist calls [ ] hyssop; a species of which, growing in Judea, he proves from Isaac ben Orman, an Arabian writer, to be so bitter as not to be eatable. Theophylact expressly tells us, that the hyssop was added [ ] as being deleterious, or poisonous: and Nonnus, in his paraphrase, says, [ ] "One gave the deadly acid mixed with hyssop."
Jeremiah 8:14; 9:15; 23:15; Matthew 27:34,48
vinegar
Mark 15:23,36; Luke 23:36; John 19:29,30

Verse 22
Let their table become a snare before them: and that which should have been for their welfare, let it become a trap.
Let their table, etc
Or, rather, "Their table shall become a snare; their eyes shall be darkened," etc., in the future tense.
Proverbs 1:32; Malachi 2:2; Romans 11:8-10
a trap
Isaiah 8:14,15; 1 Peter 2:8

Verse 23
Let their eyes be darkened, that they see not; and make their loins continually to shake.
Their eyes
Isaiah 6:9,10; 29:9,10; Matthew 13:14,15; John 12:39,40; Acts 28:26,27; Romans 11:25; 2 Corinthians 3:14
make their
Deuteronomy 28:65-67; Isaiah 21:3,4; Jeremiah 30:6; Daniel 5:6; Romans 11:10

Verse 24
Pour out thine indignation upon them, and let thy wrathful anger take hold of them.
Pour
79:6; Leviticus 26:14-46; Deuteronomy 28:15-68; 29:18-28; 31:17; 32:20-26; Hosea 5:10; Matthew 23:35-37; Luke 21:22; 1 Thessalonians 2:15,16; Revelation 16:1
take
Exodus 15:15; Isaiah 13:8; Zechariah 1:6

Verse 25
Let their habitation be desolate; and let none dwell in their tents.
Let their
1 Kings 9:8; Jeremiah 7:12-14; Matthew 23:38; 24:1,2; Acts 1:20
habitation
Heb. palace.
Isaiah 5:1; 6:11
let none dwell
Heb. let there not be a dweller.

Verse 26
For they persecute him whom thou hast smitten; and they talk to the grief of those whom thou hast wounded.
For
109:16; 2 Chronicles 28:9; Job 19:21,22; Zechariah 1:15; 1 Thessalonians 2:15
whom
Isaiah 53:4,10; Zechariah 13:7
they talk
Mark 15:28-32
those, etc
Heb. thy wounded.

Verse 27
Add iniquity unto their iniquity: and let them not come into thy righteousness.
Add
81:12; Exodus 8:15,32; 9:12; Leviticus 26:39; Isaiah 5:6; Matthew 21:19; 23:31,32; Matthew 27:4,5; Romans 1:28; 9:18; 2 Thessalonians 2:11,12; Revelation 22:10,11
iniquity
or, punishment of iniquity.
109:17-19; 2 Timothy 4:14
let them
24:5; Isaiah 26:10; Romans 9:31; 10:2,3

Verse 28
Let them be blotted out of the book of the living, and not be written with the righteous.
blotted
Exodus 32:32,33; Isaiah 65:16; Hosea 1:9; Revelation 3:5; 22:19
be written
Isaiah 4:3; Ezekiel 13:9; Luke 10:20; Philippians 4:3; Hebrews 12:23; Revelation 13:8; 20:12-15

Verse 29
But I am poor and sorrowful: let thy salvation, O God, set me up on high.
I am poor
40:17; 109:22,31; Isaiah 53:2,3; Matthew 8:20; 2 Corinthians 8:9
let thy
18:48; 22:27-31; 89:26,27; 91:14-16; Ephesians 1:21,22; Philippians 2:9-11

Verse 30
I will praise the name of God with a song, and will magnify him with thanksgiving.
I will
28:7; 40:1-3; 118:21,28,29
magnify
34:3

Verse 31
This also shall please the LORD better than an ox or bullock that hath horns and hoofs.
also shall
50:13,14,23; Hosea 14:2; Ephesians 5:19,20; Hebrews 13:15; 1 Peter 2:5

Verse 32
The humble shall see this, and be glad: and your heart shall live that seek God.
The humble
or, The meek.
25:9; 34:2; Isaiah 61:1-3; John 16:22; 20:20
your heart
22:26,29; Isaiah 55:6,7

Verse 33
For the LORD heareth the poor, and despiseth not his prisoners.
the Lord
10:17; 34:6; 72:12-14; 102:17,20; Isaiah 66:2; Luke 4:18
his prisoners
107:10; 146:7; Zechariah 9:11,12; Acts 5:18,19; 12:4-11; Ephesians 3:1; Revelation 2:10

Verse 34
Let the heaven and earth praise him, the seas, and every thing that moveth therein.
Let
96:11; 98:7,8; 148:1-14; 150:6; Isaiah 44:22,23; 49:13; 55:12; Revelation 7:11-13
moveth
Heb. creepeth.
Genesis 1:20; *marg:

Verse 35
For God will save Zion, and will build the cities of Judah: that they may dwell there, and have it in possession.
God
51:18; 102:13,16; 147:12,13; Isaiah 14:32; 44:26; 46:13; Revelation 14:1
build
48:11-13; Ezekiel 36:35,36; Jeremiah 33:10,11

Verse 36
The seed also of his servants shall inherit it: and they that love his name shall dwell therein.
The seed
90:16,17; 102:28; Isaiah 44:3,4; 61:9; Acts 2:39
they
91:14; John 14:23; Romans 8:28; James 1:12; 2:5; Revelation 21:27

Copyright Statement
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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalm 69". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=ps&chapter=069>.