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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1David by general consent is made king at Hebron.
4He wins the castle of Zion from the Jebusites by Joab's valour.
10A catalogue of David's mighty men.
 
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Chapter 11

Verse 1
Then all Israel gathered themselves to David unto Hebron, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh.


A. M. 2956. B.C. 1048. An. Ex. Is. 443. all Israel
12:23-40; 2 Samuel 5:1-16
Hebron
Numbers 13:22; 2 Samuel 2:1; 15:10; 1 Kings 2:11
Behold
Genesis 29:14; Deuteronomy 17:15; Judges 9:2; 2 Samuel 19:12,13; Ephesians 5:30

Verse 2
And moreover in time past, even when Saul was king, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD thy God said unto thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be ruler over my people Israel.
in time past
Heb. both yesterday and the third day. that leddest.
Numbers 27:17; 1 Samuel 18:13; Isaiah 55:4; John 10:4
Thou shalt
1 Samuel 16:1,13; 2 Samuel 7:7; Psalms 78:71; Isaiah 40:11; Jeremiah 3:15; Micah 5:2,4; Matthew 2:6
feed
or, rule. ruler.
2 Samuel 5:2; 1 Kings 3:9; 14:7

Verse 3
Therefore came all the elders of Israel to the king to Hebron; and David made a covenant with them in Hebron before the LORD; and they anointed David king over Israel, according to the word of the LORD by Samuel.
elders
2 Samuel 5:3
David made
1 Samuel 11:15; 2 Kings 11:17; 2 Chronicles 23:3
before
Judges 11:11; 1 Samuel 23:18
anointed
1 Samuel 16:1,12,13; 2 Samuel 2:4; 2 Kings 23:30
according
1 Samuel 15:28; 28:17
by
Heb. by the hand of.

Verse 4
And David and all Israel went to Jerusalem, which is Jebus; where the Jebusites were, the inhabitants of the land.
David
2 Samuel 5:6-10
Jebus
5; Joshua 15:63; 18:28
Jebusi
Judges 1:21; 19:10-12
the inhabitants
Genesis 10:16; 15:21; Exodus 3:17

Verse 5
And the inhabitants of Jebus said to David, Thou shalt not come hither. Nevertheless David took the castle of Zion, which is the city of David.
Thou shalt
1 Samuel 17:9,10,26,36
the castle
1 Kings 8:1; 2 Chronicles 5:2; Psalms 2:6; 9:11; 48:2,12,13; 78:68; 87:2,5; 125:1,2; Psalms 132:13; Lamentations 4:11,12; Romans 9:33; Hebrews 12:22; Revelation 14:1
the city
7; 2 Samuel 5:9; 6:10,12; Psalms 122:5

Verse 6
And David said, Whosoever smiteth the Jebusites first shall be chief and captain. So Joab the son of Zeruiah went first up, and was chief.
Whosoever
Joshua 15:16,17; 1 Samuel 17:25
chief
Heb. head. Joab.
2 Samuel 2:18; 3:27; 8:16; 20:23

Verse 7
And David dwelt in the castle; therefore they called it the city of David.
David dwelt
Psalms 2:6
the city of David
that is, Zion.
5; 2 Samuel 5:7

Verse 8
And he built the city round about, even from Millo round about: and Joab repaired the rest of the city.
Millo
Judges 9:6,20; 1 Kings 9:15; 11:27; 2 Kings 12:20
repaired
Heb. revived.
Nehemiah 4:2

Verse 9
So David waxed greater and greater: for the LORD of hosts was with him.
waxed greater and greater
Heb. went in going and increasing.
2 Samuel 3:1; 5:10; Job 17:9; Isaiah 9:7
for
9:20; Psalms 46:7,11; Isaiah 8:9,10; 41:10,14; Romans 8:31

Verse 10
These also are the chief of the mighty men whom David had, who strengthened themselves with him in his kingdom, and with all Israel, to make him king, according to the word of the LORD concerning Israel.
A. M. 2949-2989. B.C. 1055-1015. An. Ex. Is. 436-476. the chief. The valiant men who assisted David in his advancement, and helped to establish him in his authority, were those, in all likelihood, that had accompanied him during his persecution by Saul
2 Samuel 23:8
strengthened themselves with
or, held strongly with. to make.
12:38; 2 Samuel 3:17,18,21
according
1 Samuel 16:1,12-14

Verse 11
And this is the number of the mighty men whom David had; Jashobeam, an Hachmonite, the chief of the captains: he lifted up his spear against three hundred slain by him at one time.
Jashobeam
27:2; 2 Samuel 23:8; The Tachmonite, Adino, the Eznite.
an Hachmonite
or, son of Hachmoni.

Verse 12
And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo, the Ahohite, who was one of the three mighties.
Eleazar
27:4
Dodai
2 Samuel 23:9
Dodo
This variation arises from the mutations of [Vv] wav, and [Ywd] yood; it being written here [Dwdw] Dodo, and in the parallel passage [Dveh] Dodai.
Ahohite
8:4
the three
19,21; 2 Samuel 23:17-19,23

Verse 13
He was with David at Pasdammim, and there the Philistines were gathered together to battle, where was a parcel of ground full of barley; and the people fled from before the Philistines.
Pas-dammim
Ephes-dammim is here called Pas-dammim, by aphresis.
1 Samuel 17:1
Ephes-dammim
a parcel. In Samuel it is, "a piece of ground full of lentiles;" and there is probably a mistake of serim, "barley," for dashim, "lentiles," or vice-versa. Some, however, think there were both lentiles and barley in the field, which is not unlikely.

Verse 14
And they set themselves in the midst of that parcel, and delivered it, and slew the Philistines; and the LORD saved them by a great deliverance.
set
or, stood. and the Lord.
1 Samuel 14:23; 19:5; 2 Samuel 23:10; 2 Kings 5:1; Psalms 18:50
deliverance
or, salvation.
Psalms 144:10; Proverbs 21:31

Verse 15
Now three of the thirty captains went down to the rock to David, into the cave of Adullam; and the host of the Philistines encamped in the valley of Rephaim.
of the thirty captains
or, captains over the thirty.
2 Samuel 23:13-39
the cave
Joshua 12:15; 1 Samuel 22:1; Micah 1:15
in the
14:9; 2 Samuel 5:18,22; Isaiah 17:5
Rephaim
Joshua 15:8
the giants

Verse 16
And David was then in the hold, and the Philistines' garrison was then at Bethlehem.
in the hold
1 Samuel 22:1; 23:25; Psalms 142:1; *title
the Philistines'
1 Samuel 10:5; 13:4,23

Verse 17
And David longed, and said, Oh that one would give me drink of the water of the well of Bethlehem, that is at the gate!
longed
Numbers 11:4,5; 2 Samuel 23:15,16; Psalms 143:6
of the water
Psalms 42:1,2; 63:1; Isaiah 12:3; John 4:10,14

Verse 18
And the three brake through the host of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem, that was by the gate, and took it, and brought it to David: but David would not drink of it, but poured it out to the LORD,
brake
1 Samuel 19:5; Song of Solomon 8:6; Acts 20:24; 21:13; 2 Corinthians 5:14,15
poured
1 Samuel 7:6

Verse 19
And said, My God forbid it me, that I should do this thing: shall I drink the blood of these men that have put their lives in jeopardy? for with the jeopardy of their lives they brought it. Therefore he would not drink it. These things did these three mightiest.
My God
2 Samuel 23:17; 1 Kings 21:3; Romans 6:1,2
shall I
Leviticus 17:10; Job 31:31; Psalms 72:14; Mark 14:24; John 6:55
that have put their lives
Heb. with their lives.
Romans 16:4
in jeopardy
Judges 5:18; 9:17; 1 Samuel 19:5; 1 Corinthians 15:30
These

Verse 20
And Abishai the brother of Joab, he was chief of the three: for lifting up his spear against three hundred, he slew them, and had a name among the three.
Abishai
2:16; 1 Samuel 26:6; 2 Samuel 2:18; 3:30; 18:2; 20:6; 21:17; 23:18,19-39

Verse 21
Of the three, he was more honourable than the two; for he was their captain: howbeit he attained not to the first three.
howbeit
Matthew 13:8; 1 Corinthians 15:41

Verse 22
Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man of Kabzeel, who had done many acts; he slew two lionlike men of Moab: also he went down and slew a lion in a pit in a snowy day.
Benaiah
27:5,6; 2 Samuel 8:18; 20:23; 23:20-23; 1 Kings 1:8,38; 2:30,34,35
Kabzeel
Joshua 15:21
who had done many acts
Heb. great of deeds. lion-like.
12:8; 2 Samuel 1:23
slew a
Judges 14:5,6; 1 Samuel 17:34-36

Verse 23
And he slew an Egyptian, a man of great stature, five cubits high; and in the Egyptian's hand was a spear like a weaver's beam; and he went down to him with a staff, and plucked the spear out of the Egyptian's hand, and slew him with his own spear.
a man of great stature
Heb. a man of measure. five.
Deuteronomy 3:11; 1 Samuel 17:4
a spear
20:5
slew him
1 Samuel 17:51

Verse 25
Behold, he was honourable among the thirty, but attained not to the first three: and David set him over his guard.
but attained
David
2 Samuel 20:23

Verse 26
Also the valiant men of the armies were, Asahel the brother of Joab, Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem,
Asahel
27:7; 2 Samuel 2:18-23; 3:30; 23:24
Elhanan
2 Samuel 21:19

Verse 27
Shammoth the Harorite, Helez the Pelonite,
Shammoth
Shammah, Shammoth, and as it is in ch. 27:8, Shamhuth, having all the same signification, appear to have been deemed perfectly interchangeable, and accordingly used indifferently.
2 Samuel 23:25
Shammah the Harodite
Harorite. The variation of [Harowriy (yrwrh)] Harorite, for [Charodiy (ydrx)] Harodite, arises from the mutation of [Rysh] raish, and [Dleth] daleth.
Pelonite
2 Samuel 23:26
Paltite

Verse 28
Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite, Abiezer the Antothite,
Ira
27:9
Antothite
This variation springs simply from the points; the word being written [`Anthothiy (yttn()] Anethothite in Samuel, and here [`Anthothiy (yttn()] Antothite.
27:12; 2 Samuel 23:27
Anethothite

Verse 29
Sibbecai the Hushathite, Ilai the Ahohite,
Sibbecai
The reading of [M@bunnay (ynnbm)] Mebunnai, for [Cibb@kay (ykbbs)] Sibbecai, seems to be occasioned by the mistake of [Cmek] samech, for a [Mm] mem, and a [Nwn] noon, for a [Kaph] caph; and a difference in the vowel points.
27:11; 2 Samuel 23:27,28
Mebunnai, Zalmon
Ahohite.

Verse 30
Maharai the Netophathite, Heled the son of Baanah the Netophathite,
Maharai
27:13
Heled
Heleb seems evidently a mistake for Heled, which is essentially the same with Heldai, the latter merely having a paragogic [Ywd] yood.
27:15
Heldai
2 Samuel 23:29
Heleb

Verse 31
Ithai the son of Ribai of Gibeah, that pertained to the children of Benjamin, Benaiah the Pirathonite,
Ithai
The variation of ['Ittay (ytt))] Ithai, and ['Ittay (ytt))] Ittai, simply arises from the elision of [Ywd] yood, which is compensated by the reduplication of the next letter.
2 Samuel 23:29
Ittai

Verse 32
Hurai of the brooks of Gaash, Abiel the Arbathite,
Hurai
2 Samuel 23:30
Hiddai
Abiel.
2 Samuel 23:31
Abi-albon

Verse 34
The sons of Hashem the Gizonite, Jonathan the son of Shage the Hararite,
Hashem
2 Samuel 23:32,33
Jashen

Verse 35
Ahiam the son of Sacar the Hararite, Eliphal the son of Ur,
Sacar
2 Samuel 23:33
Sharar
Eliphal.
2 Samuel 23:34
Eliphelet, Ahasbai

Verse 37
Hezro the Carmelite, Naarai the son of Ezbai,
Hezro
2 Samuel 23:35
Hezrai, Paarai the Arbite

Verse 38
Joel the brother of Nathan, Mibhar the son of Haggeri,
Joel
2 Samuel 23:36
Igal the son of Nathan
the son of Haggeri. or, the Hagerite.

Verse 40
Ira the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite,
Ithrite
2 Samuel 20:26
Jairite

Verse 41
Uriah the Hittite, Zabad the son of Ahlai,
Uriah
2 Samuel 11:6-27; 23:39

Verse 45
Jediael the son of Shimri, and Joha his brother, the Tizite,
Son of Shimri
or Shimrite.

Verse 47
Eliel, and Obed, and Jasiel the Mesobaite.


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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 11". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=1ch&chapter=011>.  

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