The Treasury of Scripture KnowledgeChapter 11
Then all Israel gathered themselves to David unto Hebron, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh.
- A. M. 2956. B.C. 1048. An. Ex. Is. 443. all Israel
- 12:23-40; 2 Samuel 5:1-16
- Numbers 13:22; 2 Samuel 2:1; 15:10; 1 Kings 2:11
- Genesis 29:14; Deuteronomy 17:15; Judges 9:2; 2 Samuel 19:12,13; Ephesians 5:30
And moreover in time past, even when Saul was king, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD thy God said unto thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be ruler over my people Israel.
- in time past
- Heb. both yesterday and the third day. that leddest.
- Numbers 27:17; 1 Samuel 18:13; Isaiah 55:4; John 10:4
- Thou shalt
- 1 Samuel 16:1,13; 2 Samuel 7:7; Psalms 78:71; Isaiah 40:11; Jeremiah 3:15; Micah 5:2,4; Matthew 2:6
- or, rule. ruler.
- 2 Samuel 5:2; 1 Kings 3:9; 14:7
Therefore came all the elders of Israel to the king to Hebron; and David made a covenant with them in Hebron before the LORD; and they anointed David king over Israel, according to the word of the LORD by Samuel.
- 2 Samuel 5:3
- David made
- 1 Samuel 11:15; 2 Kings 11:17; 2 Chronicles 23:3
- Judges 11:11; 1 Samuel 23:18
- 1 Samuel 16:1,12,13; 2 Samuel 2:4; 2 Kings 23:30
- 1 Samuel 15:28; 28:17
- Heb. by the hand of.
And David and all Israel went to Jerusalem, which is Jebus; where the Jebusites were, the inhabitants of the land.
- 2 Samuel 5:6-10
- 5; Joshua 15:63; 18:28
- Judges 1:21; 19:10-12
- the inhabitants
- Genesis 10:16; 15:21; Exodus 3:17
And the inhabitants of Jebus said to David, Thou shalt not come hither. Nevertheless David took the castle of Zion, which is the city of David.
- Thou shalt
- 1 Samuel 17:9,10,26,36
- the castle
- 1 Kings 8:1; 2 Chronicles 5:2; Psalms 2:6; 9:11; 48:2,12,13; 78:68; 87:2,5; 125:1,2; Psalms 132:13; Lamentations 4:11,12; Romans 9:33; Hebrews 12:22; Revelation 14:1
- the city
- 7; 2 Samuel 5:9; 6:10,12; Psalms 122:5
And David said, Whosoever smiteth the Jebusites first shall be chief and captain. So Joab the son of Zeruiah went first up, and was chief.
- Joshua 15:16,17; 1 Samuel 17:25
- Heb. head. Joab.
- 2 Samuel 2:18; 3:27; 8:16; 20:23
And David dwelt in the castle; therefore they called it the city of David.
- David dwelt
- Psalms 2:6
- the city of David
- that is, Zion.
- 5; 2 Samuel 5:7
And he built the city round about, even from Millo round about: and Joab repaired the rest of the city.
- Judges 9:6,20; 1 Kings 9:15; 11:27; 2 Kings 12:20
- Heb. revived.
- Nehemiah 4:2
So David waxed greater and greater: for the LORD of hosts was with him.
- waxed greater and greater
- Heb. went in going and increasing.
- 2 Samuel 3:1; 5:10; Job 17:9; Isaiah 9:7
- 9:20; Psalms 46:7,11; Isaiah 8:9,10; 41:10,14; Romans 8:31
These also are the chief of the mighty men whom David had, who strengthened themselves with him in his kingdom, and with all Israel, to make him king, according to the word of the LORD concerning Israel.
- A. M. 2949-2989. B.C. 1055-1015. An. Ex. Is. 436-476. the chief. The valiant men who assisted David in his advancement, and helped to establish him in his authority, were those, in all likelihood, that had accompanied him during his persecution by Saul
- 2 Samuel 23:8
- strengthened themselves with
- or, held strongly with. to make.
- 12:38; 2 Samuel 3:17,18,21
- 1 Samuel 16:1,12-14
And this is the number of the mighty men whom David had; Jashobeam, an Hachmonite, the chief of the captains: he lifted up his spear against three hundred slain by him at one time.
- 27:2; 2 Samuel 23:8; The Tachmonite, Adino, the Eznite.
- an Hachmonite
- or, son of Hachmoni.
And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo, the Ahohite, who was one of the three mighties.
- 2 Samuel 23:9
- This variation arises from the mutations of [Vâv] wav, and [Yôwd] yood; it being written here [Dôwdôw] Dodo, and in the parallel passage [Dâveh] Dodai.
- the three
- 19,21; 2 Samuel 23:17-19,23
He was with David at Pasdammim, and there the Philistines were gathered together to battle, where was a parcel of ground full of barley; and the people fled from before the Philistines.
- Ephes-dammim is here called Pas-dammim, by aphæresis.
- 1 Samuel 17:1
- a parcel. In Samuel it is, "a piece of ground full of lentiles;" and there is probably a mistake of seörim, "barley," for âdashim, "lentiles," or vice-versa. Some, however, think there were both lentiles and barley in the field, which is not unlikely.
And they set themselves in the midst of that parcel, and delivered it, and slew the Philistines; and the LORD saved them by a great deliverance.
- or, stood. and the Lord.
- 1 Samuel 14:23; 19:5; 2 Samuel 23:10; 2 Kings 5:1; Psalms 18:50
- or, salvation.
- Psalms 144:10; Proverbs 21:31
Now three of the thirty captains went down to the rock to David, into the cave of Adullam; and the host of the Philistines encamped in the valley of Rephaim.
- of the thirty captains
- or, captains over the thirty.
- 2 Samuel 23:13-39
- the cave
- Joshua 12:15; 1 Samuel 22:1; Micah 1:15
- in the
- 14:9; 2 Samuel 5:18,22; Isaiah 17:5
- Joshua 15:8
- the giants
And David was then in the hold, and the Philistines' garrison was then at Bethlehem.
- in the hold
- 1 Samuel 22:1; 23:25; Psalms 142:1; *title
- the Philistines'
- 1 Samuel 10:5; 13:4,23
And David longed, and said, Oh that one would give me drink of the water of the well of Bethlehem, that is at the gate!
- Numbers 11:4,5; 2 Samuel 23:15,16; Psalms 143:6
- of the water
- Psalms 42:1,2; 63:1; Isaiah 12:3; John 4:10,14
And the three brake through the host of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem, that was by the gate, and took it, and brought it to David: but David would not drink of it, but poured it out to the LORD,
- 1 Samuel 19:5; Song of Solomon 8:6; Acts 20:24; 21:13; 2 Corinthians 5:14,15
- 1 Samuel 7:6
And said, My God forbid it me, that I should do this thing: shall I drink the blood of these men that have put their lives in jeopardy? for with the jeopardy of their lives they brought it. Therefore he would not drink it. These things did these three mightiest.
- My God
- 2 Samuel 23:17; 1 Kings 21:3; Romans 6:1,2
- shall I
- Leviticus 17:10; Job 31:31; Psalms 72:14; Mark 14:24; John 6:55
- that have put their lives
- Heb. with their lives.
- Romans 16:4
- in jeopardy
- Judges 5:18; 9:17; 1 Samuel 19:5; 1 Corinthians 15:30
And Abishai the brother of Joab, he was chief of the three: for lifting up his spear against three hundred, he slew them, and had a name among the three.
- 2:16; 1 Samuel 26:6; 2 Samuel 2:18; 3:30; 18:2; 20:6; 21:17; 23:18,19-39
Of the three, he was more honourable than the two; for he was their captain: howbeit he attained not to the first three.
- Matthew 13:8; 1 Corinthians 15:41
Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man of Kabzeel, who had done many acts; he slew two lionlike men of Moab: also he went down and slew a lion in a pit in a snowy day.
- 27:5,6; 2 Samuel 8:18; 20:23; 23:20-23; 1 Kings 1:8,38; 2:30,34,35
- Joshua 15:21
- who had done many acts
- Heb. great of deeds. lion-like.
- 12:8; 2 Samuel 1:23
- slew a
- Judges 14:5,6; 1 Samuel 17:34-36
And he slew an Egyptian, a man of great stature, five cubits high; and in the Egyptian's hand was a spear like a weaver's beam; and he went down to him with a staff, and plucked the spear out of the Egyptian's hand, and slew him with his own spear.
- a man of great stature
- Heb. a man of measure. five.
- Deuteronomy 3:11; 1 Samuel 17:4
- a spear
- slew him
- 1 Samuel 17:51
Behold, he was honourable among the thirty, but attained not to the first three: and David set him over his guard.
- but attained
- 2 Samuel 20:23
Also the valiant men of the armies were, Asahel the brother of Joab, Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem,
- 27:7; 2 Samuel 2:18-23; 3:30; 23:24
- 2 Samuel 21:19
Shammoth the Harorite, Helez the Pelonite,
- Shammah, Shammoth, and as it is in ch. 27:8, Shamhuth, having all the same signification, appear to have been deemed perfectly interchangeable, and accordingly used indifferently.
- 2 Samuel 23:25
- Shammah the Harodite
- Harorite. The variation of [Harowriy (yrwrh)] Harorite, for [Charodiy (ydrx)] Harodite, arises from the mutation of [Rêysh] raish, and [Dâleth] daleth.
- 2 Samuel 23:26
Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite, Abiezer the Antothite,
- This variation springs simply from the points; the word being written [`Anthothiy (yttn()] Anethothite in Samuel, and here [`Anthothiy (yttn()] Antothite.
- 27:12; 2 Samuel 23:27
Sibbecai the Hushathite, Ilai the Ahohite,
- The reading of [M@bunnay (ynnbm)] Mebunnai, for [Cibb@kay (ykbbs)] Sibbecai, seems to be occasioned by the mistake of [Câmek] samech, for a [Mêm] mem, and a [Nûwn] noon, for a [Kaph] caph; and a difference in the vowel points.
- 27:11; 2 Samuel 23:27,28
- Mebunnai, Zalmon
Maharai the Netophathite, Heled the son of Baanah the Netophathite,
- Heleb seems evidently a mistake for Heled, which is essentially the same with Heldai, the latter merely having a paragogic [Yôwd] yood.
- 2 Samuel 23:29
Ithai the son of Ribai of Gibeah, that pertained to the children of Benjamin, Benaiah the Pirathonite,
- The variation of ['Ittay (ytt))] Ithai, and ['Ittay (ytt))] Ittai, simply arises from the elision of [Yôwd] yood, which is compensated by the reduplication of the next letter.
- 2 Samuel 23:29
Hurai of the brooks of Gaash, Abiel the Arbathite,
- 2 Samuel 23:30
- 2 Samuel 23:31
The sons of Hashem the Gizonite, Jonathan the son of Shage the Hararite,
- 2 Samuel 23:32,33
Ahiam the son of Sacar the Hararite, Eliphal the son of Ur,
- 2 Samuel 23:33
- 2 Samuel 23:34
- Eliphelet, Ahasbai
Hezro the Carmelite, Naarai the son of Ezbai,
- 2 Samuel 23:35
- Hezrai, Paarai the Arbite
Joel the brother of Nathan, Mibhar the son of Haggeri,
- 2 Samuel 23:36
- Igal the son of Nathan
- the son of Haggeri. or, the Hagerite.
Ira the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite,
- 2 Samuel 20:26
Uriah the Hittite, Zabad the son of Ahlai,
- 2 Samuel 11:6-27; 23:39
Jediael the son of Shimri, and Joha his brother, the Tizite,
- Son of Shimri
- or Shimrite.
Eliel, and Obed, and Jasiel the Mesobaite.