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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
1The sons of Israel.
3The posterity of Judah by Tamar.
13The children of Jesse.
18The posterity of Caleb the son of Hezron.
21Hezron's posterity by the daughter of Machir.
25Jerahmeel's posterity.
34Sheshan's posterity.
42Another branch of Caleb's posterity.
50The posterity of Caleb the son of Hur.
 Chapter 1
Chapter 3
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Chapter 2

Verse 1
These are the sons of Israel; Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun,

A. M. 2252, etc. B.C. 1752, etc. Israel. or, Jacob
Genesis 32:28; 49:2
Genesis 29:32-35; 30:5-24; 35:18,22-26; 46:8-27; 49:4-28; Exodus 1:2-4; Numbers 1:5-15; 13:4-15; 26:5-65; Revelation 7:5-8

Verse 3
The sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah: which three were born unto him of the daughter of Shua the Canaanitess. And Er, the firstborn of Judah, was evil in the sight of the LORD; and he slew him.
Er, and
9:5; Genesis 38:2-10; 46:12; Numbers 26:19

Verse 4
And Tamar his daughter in law bare him Pharez and Zerah. All the sons of Judah were five.
Genesis 38:13-30; Ruth 4:12; Matthew 1:3
9:4; Numbers 26:21; Ruth 4:18; Nehemiah 11:4
Matthew 1:3; Luke 3:33
9:6; Numbers 26:13,20; Nehemiah 11:24; Matthew 1:3

Verse 5
The sons of Pharez; Hezron, and Hamul.
Genesis 46:12; Numbers 26:21; Ruth 4:18; Matthew 1:3; Luke 3:33

Verse 6
And the sons of Zerah; Zimri, and Ethan, and Heman, and Calcol, and Dara: five of them in all.
Zabdi, ^ydbz^ is apparently here called Zimri, ^yrmz^ in consequence of a ^b^, "baith", being mistaken for a ^m^, "mem", and a ^d^, "daleth", for a ^r^, "raish",
Joshua 7:1,17,18
1 Kings 4:31; 1 Kings 4:31

Verse 7
And the sons of Carmi; Achar, the troubler of Israel, who transgressed in the thing accursed.
Achan is probably called Achar, from the trouble he occasioned.
Joshua 7:1-5
Deuteronomy 7:26; 13:17; Joshua 6:18; 7:11-15,25; 22:20

Verse 9
The sons also of Hezron, that were born unto him; Jerahmeel, and Ram, and Chelubai.
Ruth 4:19; Matthew 1:3; Luke 3:3

Verse 10
And Ram begat Amminadab; and Amminadab begat Nahshon, prince of the children of Judah;
Ruth 4:19,20; Matthew 1:4; Luke 3:33
Numbers 1:7; 2:3; 7:12,17; 10:14; Ruth 4:20; Matthew 1:4; Luke 3:32

Verse 11
And Nahshon begat Salma, and Salma begat Boaz,
Ruth 4:21; Matthew 1:4,5; Luke 3:32
Salmon, Booz

Verse 12
And Boaz begat Obed, and Obed begat Jesse,
10:14; Ruth 4:22; 1 Samuel 16:1; Isaiah 11:1,10; Matthew 1:5; Luke 3:32; Acts 13:22; Romans 15:12

Verse 13
And Jesse begat his firstborn Eliab, and Abinadab the second, and Shimma the third,
his first-born
1 Samuel 16:6-13; 17:13,28
1 Samuel 16:9

Verse 15
Ozem the sixth, David the seventh:
It appears from the parallel places of Samuel, that Jesse had eight sons, of whom David was the eighth and youngest; but one may have died before David came to the throne.
1 Samuel 16:10,11; 17:12-14

Verse 16
Whose sisters were Zeruiah, and Abigail. And the sons of Zeruiah; Abishai, and Joab, and Asahel, three.
the sons of
1 Samuel 26:6; 2 Samuel 2:18-23; 3:39; 16:9-11; 19:22

Verse 17
And Abigail bare Amasa: and the father of Amasa was Jether the Ishmeelite.
2 Samuel 17:25; 19:13; 20:4-12; 1 Kings 2:5,32
Jether, [Yether (rty)] is essentially the same with [Yithra' ()rty)] Ithra, the latter only having the addition of an ['Aleph] aleph; and it is probable, that he was an Ishmaelite by birth but an Israelite by religion.
2 Samuel 17:25
Ithra an Israelite

Verse 18
And Caleb the son of Hezron begat children of Azubah his wife, and of Jerioth: her sons are these; Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon.
A. M. 2534, etc. B.C. 1470, etc. Caleb. Caleb, [Kaleb (blk)] is the same as Chelubai, [K@luwbay (ybwlk)]; the latter simply having a [Vv] {wav} inserted, and a [Yde] {yood} affixed. This person must have lived some time before Israel left Egypt; for Bezaleel, the principal person employed in constructing the tabernacle, was his grandson.

Verse 19
And when Azubah was dead, Caleb took unto him Ephrath, which bare him Hur.
24,50; 4:4; Micah 5:2

Verse 20
And Hur begat Uri, and Uri begat Bezaleel.
Exodus 31:2; 36:1,2; 37:1; 38:22; 2 Chronicles 1:5

Verse 21
And afterward Hezron went in to the daughter of Machir the father of Gilead, whom he married when he was threescore years old; and she bare him Segub.
Genesis 50:23; Numbers 26:29; 27:1; 32:39,40; Deuteronomy 3:15
Heb. took.

Verse 22
And Segub begat Jair, who had three and twenty cities in the land of Gilead.
Numbers 32:41; Deuteronomy 3:14; Joshua 13:30

Verse 23
And he took Geshur, and Aram, with the towns of Jair, from them, with Kenath, and the towns thereof, even threescore cities. All these belonged to the sons of Machir the father of Gilead.
Joshua 13:13; 2 Samuel 13:38
Kenath was situated in the tribe of Manasseh, east of Jordan. Eusebius says it was called in his time [Kanatha] Kanatha; and was a town in the Trachonitis, near Bozra. Josephus places it in Coelo-syria; and Pliny reckons it among the cities of the Decapolis. It was also called Nobah, after Nobah an Israelite, who conquered it, (Nu 32:42;) which is placed by Eusebius, eight miles south of Heshbon: See Note on Jud 8:11.

Verse 24
And after that Hezron was dead in Calebephratah, then Abiah Hezron's wife bare him Ashur the father of Tekoa.
9,18,19; 1 Samuel 30:14
2 Samuel 14:2; Amos 1:1

Verse 25
And the sons of Jerahmeel the firstborn of Hezron were, Ram the firstborn, and Bunah, and Oren, and Ozem, and Ahijah.
the sons of
Of the persons mentioned in verses 25-33, nothing more is recorded or known.

Verse 27
And the sons of Ram the firstborn of Jerahmeel were, Maaz, and Jamin, and Eker.

Verse 28
And the sons of Onam were, Shammai, and Jada. And the sons of Shammai; Nadab, and Abishur.

Verse 30
And the sons of Nadab; Seled, and Appaim: but Seled died without children.

Verse 31
And the sons of Appaim; Ishi. And the sons of Ishi; Sheshan. And the children of Sheshan; Ahlai.
the children of Sheshan

Verse 35
And Sheshan gave his daughter to Jarha his servant to wife; and she bare him Attai.
When the people of the East have no sons, they frequently marry their daughters to their slaves, even when they have much property to bestow upon them. Hassan had been the slave of Kamel, his predecessor; but Kamel, according to the custom of the country, gave him one of his daughters in marriage, and left him at his death one part of his great riches which he had amassed in the course of a long and prosperous life (Maillet, Lett. xi. p. 118).

Verse 36
And Attai begat Nathan, and Nathan begat Zabad,

Verse 42
Now the sons of Caleb the brother of Jerahmeel were, Mesha his firstborn, which was the father of Ziph; and the sons of Mareshah the father of Hebron.
This was not Caleb the son of Jephunneh, but Caleb the son of Hezron, and therefore called the brother of Jerahmeel: See the parallel texts:
his first-born
Genesis 49:3; Exodus 4:22,23; Romans 8:29; Hebrews 12:23
the father
i.e, the founder. Or, as the Targum renders, "the prince of the Ziphites;" for it was usual to call both the founder and the prince of a city its father.
Joshua 15:24; 1 Samuel 23:19; 26:1
the father of Hebron
23,24,45,49,52; 8:29; Ezra 2:21-35; Nehemiah 7:25-38

Verse 45
And the son of Shammai was Maon: and Maon was the father of Bethzur.
Beth-zur was situated in the tribe of Judah, twenty miles south from Jerusalem, towards Hebron, according to Eusebius. It was fortified by Rehoboam, (2 Ch 11:7) and was a fortress of great consequence, principally in the time of the Maccabees. 1 Mac 4:28; 6:7, etc.
Joshua 15:58

Verse 46
And Ephah, Caleb's concubine, bare Haran, and Moza, and Gazez: and Haran begat Gazez.

Verse 48
Maachah, Caleb's concubine, bare Sheber, and Tirhanah.
46; Genesis 25:5,6

Verse 49
She bare also Shaaph the father of Madmannah, Sheva the father of Machbenah, and the father of Gibea: and the daughter of Caleb was Achsah.
the father of Madmannah
42; Madmannah was a city situated in the southern part of Judah, and towards Gaza, according to Eusebius.; Joshua 15:31; Isaiah 10:31
Gibea. It is probable this was not Gibeah of Benjamin, and the royal residence of Saul, but Gibeah in the tribe of Judah, to which all these other cities belonged.
Joshua 15:57; 2 Samuel 21:6

Verse 50
These were the sons of Caleb the son of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah; Shobal the father of Kirjathjearim,
This Caleb was the grandson of the preceding, and brother to Uri, the father of Bezaleel.
53; 13:5,6; Joshua 15:9,60; 1 Samuel 7:1

Verse 51
Salma the father of Bethlehem, Hareph the father of Bethgader.
Genesis 35:19; Ruth 1:19; 2:4; 4:11; Matthew 2:1,6; John 7:42

Verse 52
And Shobal the father of Kirjathjearim had sons; Haroeh, and half of the Manahethites.
or, Reaiah.
4:2; As Haroeh and Reaiah have nearly the same signification, it is probable they were deemed perfectly interchangeable, and indifferently applied.
half of the Manahethites
or, half of the Menuchites, or, Hatsihammenuchoth.

Verse 53
And the families of Kirjathjearim; the Ithrites, and the Puhites, and the Shumathites, and the Mishraites; of them came the Zareathites, and the Eshtaulites.
11:40; 2 Samuel 23:38
the Zareathites
Joshua 15:33; 19:41; Judges 13:2,25; 16:31

Verse 54
The sons of Salma; Bethlehem, and the Netophathites, Ataroth, the house of Joab, and half of the Manahethites, the Zorites.
11:30; 2 Samuel 23:29; Ezra 2:22; Nehemiah 7:26; 12:28
or, Atarites, or crowns of the house of Joab.
Joshua 16:2

Verse 55
And the families of the scribes which dwelt at Jabez; the Tirathites, the Shimeathites, and Suchathites. These are the Kenites that came of Hemath, the father of the house of Rechab.
the scribes
Ezra 7:6; Jeremiah 8:8
Judges 1:16; 4:11; 1 Samuel 15:6
2 Kings 10:15; Jeremiah 35:2-8,19

Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 2". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <>.  


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