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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1The sons of Levi.
4The line of Eleazar unto the captivity.
16The families of Gershom, Kohath, and Merari.
49The office of Aaron, and his line unto Ahimaaz.
54The cities of the priests and Levites.
 
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Chapter 6

Verse 1
The sons of Levi; Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.


A. M. 2304, etc. B.C. 1700, etc. sons of Levi
23:6; Genesis 46:11; Exodus 6:16; Numbers 3:17; 26:57
Gershon
16,20
Gershom

Verse 2
And the sons of Kohath; Amram, Izhar, and Hebron, and Uzziel.
the sons of Kohath
23:12; Exodus 6:18,21-24
Amram
Amminadab

Verse 3
And the children of Amram; Aaron, and Moses, and Miriam. The sons also of Aaron; Nadab, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.
Aaron
23:13; Exodus 6:20
Miriam
Exodus 2:4,7; 15:20; Micah 6:4
Nadab
24:1,2; Exodus 6:23; 24:1; 28:1; Leviticus 10:1,12,16
Eleazar
24:3-6

Verse 4
Eleazar begat Phinehas, Phinehas begat Abishua,
Phinehas
50; 9:20; Exodus 6:25; Numbers 25:6-11,13; 31:6; Joshua 22:13,30-32; 24:33; Judges 20:28; Ezra 8:2; Psalms 106:30,31
Abishua
Ezra 7:1-5

Verse 8
And Ahitub begat Zadok, and Zadok begat Ahimaaz,
Ahitub
2 Samuel 8:17
Zadok
2 Samuel 15:35; 17:15; 20:25; 1 Kings 1:8,34,44; 2:35
Ahimaaz
2 Samuel 15:27,36; 17:17,20; 18:19,22,27-29

Verse 10
And Johanan begat Azariah, (he it is that executed the priest's office in the temple that Solomon built in Jerusalem:)
A. M. 3244. B.C. 760
Johanan
Johanan is supposed to the same as Jehoiada, as he would otherwise not be mentioned.
executed
2 Chronicles 26:17-20
the temple
Heb. the house. Solomon.
1 Kings 6:1-7; 2 Chronicles 3:4

Verse 11
And Azariah begat Amariah, and Amariah begat Ahitub,
Amariah
Ezra 7:3

Verse 12
And Ahitub begat Zadok, and Zadok begat Shallum,
Shallum
9:11; Nehemiah 11:11
Meshullam

Verse 13
And Shallum begat Hilkiah, and Hilkiah begat Azariah,
Hilkiah
2 Kings 22:12-14; 2 Chronicles 34:14-20; 35:8

Verse 14
And Azariah begat Seraiah, and Seraiah begat Jehozadak,
A. M. 3416. B.C. 588
Seraiah
Seraiah was carried to Riblah, and there put to death by order of Nebuchadnezzar; so that with him ended the succession of high priests in the first temple.
2 Kings 25:18; Ezra 7:1; Nehemiah 11:11; Zechariah 6:11

Verse 15
And Jehozadak went into captivity, when the LORD carried away Judah and Jerusalem by the hand of Nebuchadnezzar.
Jehozadak
Ezra 5:2
Jozadak
Haggai 1:1,12,14; 2:2
Josedech
when the Lord.
2 Kings 25:18,21; 2 Chronicles 36:17-21; Jeremiah 39:9; 52:12-15,28
by the hand
Exodus 4:13; 2 Kings 14:27; Acts 14:27; Romans 15:18

Verse 16
The sons of Levi; Gershom, Kohath, and Merari.
A. M. 2304. B.C. 1700, etc. Gershom
1; Exodus 6:16
Gershon

Verse 17
And these be the names of the sons of Gershom; Libni, and Shimei.
the sons of Gershom
23:7; Numbers 3:18,21
Shimei
Exodus 6:17
Shimi

Verse 18
And the sons of Kohath were, Amram, and Izhar, and Hebron, and Uzziel.
Amram
2,3; 23:12

Verse 19
The sons of Merari; Mahli, and Mushi. And these are the families of the Levites according to their fathers.
Mahli
23:21; 24:26; Exodus 6:19
Mahali
Numbers 3:20; 26:57,58

Verse 20
Of Gershom; Libni his son, Jahath his son, Zimmah his son,
Libni
Zimmah

Verse 21
Joah his son, Iddo his son, Zerah his son, Jeaterai his son.
Joah
Ethan
Zerah.
Adaiah
Jeaterai.
Ethni

Verse 22
The sons of Kohath; Amminadab his son, Korah his son, Assir his son,
Amminadab
2,18; Exodus 6:21,24
Izhar

Verse 24
Tahath his son, Uriel his son, Uzziah his son, and Shaul his son.
Uriel
Zephaniah, Azariah, Joel

Verse 25
And the sons of Elkanah; Amasai, and Ahimoth.
A. M. 2904, etc. B.C. 1100, etc. Elkanah
35,36; Exodus 6:24

Verse 26
As for Elkanah: the sons of Elkanah; Zophai his son, and Nahath his son,
Zophai
35; 1 Samuel 1:1
Zuph
Nahath.
Toah
1 Samuel 1:1
Tohu

Verse 27
Eliab his son, Jeroham his son, Elkanah his son.
Eliab
Eliel
1 Samuel 1:1
Elihu
Elkanah.
1 Samuel 1:1,19,20; Houbigant says that we may here venture to add, "Samuel his son."

Verse 28
And the sons of Samuel; the firstborn Vashni, and Abiah.
Vashni
33; 1 Samuel 8:2
Joel

Verse 29
The sons of Merari; Mahli, Libni his son, Shimei his son, Uzza his son,
Mahli
19; Numbers 3:33

Verse 31
And these are they whom David set over the service of song in the house of the LORD, after that the ark had rest.
A. M. 2962. B.C. 1042. whom David
15:16-22,27; 25:1-31
after that
16:1; 2 Samuel 6:17; Psalms 132:8,14

Verse 32
And they ministered before the dwelling place of the tabernacle of the congregation with singing, until Solomon had built the house of the LORD in Jerusalem: and then they waited on their office according to their order.
they ministered
16:4-6,37-42; Psalms 68:24,25
until Solomon
10; 1 Kings 8:6-13
and then
9:33; 25:7-31; 2 Chronicles 29:25-30; 31:2; 35:15; Ezra 3:10,11; 6:18; Nehemiah 11:17-23; 12:27,28,45-47; Psalms 134:1,2; 135:1-3
waited Heb
stood. according to their order. This order is specified below.

Verse 33
And these are they that waited with their children. Of the sons of the Kohathites: Heman a singer, the son of Joel, the son of Shemuel,
Heman
15:17,19; 16:41,42; 25:1-5; 2 Chronicles 5:12; 29:14; Psalms 88:1; *title
Joel
Vashni
Shemuel. This variation, as well as some others, only exists in the translation; the Hebrew being uniformly ShemuŽl.
28; 1 Samuel 1:20,28
Samuel

Verse 34
The son of Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Eliel, the son of Toah,
Eliel
Eliab
Toah
Nahath

Verse 35
The son of Zuph, the son of Elkanah, the son of Mahath, the son of Amasai,
Zuph
Zophai

Verse 36
The son of Elkanah, the son of Joel, the son of Azariah, the son of Zephaniah,
Joel
While it is sufficiently evident that many of the variations of the names of persons have arisen from the carelessness of transcribers, or the inattention of translators, and others from a difference (probably dialectical in the pronunciation; it is also evident, that the smae persons, as in these instances, must have had two or more totally distinct names.
Shaul, Uzziah, Uriel

Verse 37
The son of Tahath, the son of Assir, the son of Ebiasaph, the son of Korah,
Ebiasaph
Exodus 6:21-24
Abiasaph
Korah.
Numbers 16:1-35; 26:10,11; Psalms 42:1; 44:1; 45:1; 49:1; 84:1; 85:1
*titles

Verse 38
The son of Izhar, the son of Kohath, the son of Levi, the son of Israel.
Izhar
Numbers 3:19
Izehar
16:1

Verse 39
And his brother Asaph, who stood on his right hand, even Asaph the son of Berachiah, the son of Shimea,
his brother
Asaph is probably called his brother, because he was of the same tribe as Heman; or, perhaps, because he was his companion or associate.
Asaph
15:17-19; 16:7; 25:2; 26:1; 2 Chronicles 5:12; 20:14; 29:13,30; 2 Chronicles 35:15; Ezra 2:41; 3:10; Nehemiah 7:44; 11:17,22; 12:35,46; Psalms 50:1; 73:1; 74:1; 75:1; 76:1; 77:1; 78:1; 79:1; 80:1; *titles; Psalms 81:1; 82:1; 83:1; *titles

Verse 41
The son of Ethni, the son of Zerah, the son of Adaiah,
Ethni
Jeaterai
Adaiah.
Iddo

Verse 42
The son of Ethan, the son of Zimmah, the son of Shimei,
Ethan
Joah

Verse 43
The son of Jahath, the son of Gershom, the son of Levi.
Jahath
Gershom
1,16,17,20; 23:6; Genesis 46:11; Exodus 2:22; 6:16; Numbers 3:17
Gershon

Verse 44
And their brethren the sons of Merari stood on the left hand: Ethan the son of Kishi, the son of Abdi, the son of Malluch,
Ethan
25:1,3,6
Jeduthun
Psalms 89:1; *title
Kishi
15:17
Kushaiah

Verse 47
The son of Mahli, the son of Mushi, the son of Merari, the son of Levi.
Merari
23:21,28; Exodus 6:19; Numbers 3:20,33-36; 4:42; 7:8; 10:17; Joshua 21:7,34-40

Verse 48
Their brethren also the Levites were appointed unto all manner of service of the tabernacle of the house of God.
brethren
23:2; 25:1-26; Numbers 3:1-4; 8:5-26; 16:9,10; 18:1-32

Verse 49
But Aaron and his sons offered upon the altar of the burnt offering, and on the altar of incense, and were appointed for all the work of the place most holy, and to make an atonement for Israel, according to all that Moses the servant of God had commanded.
A. M. 2513. B.C. 1491. Aaron
Exodus 27:1-8; 30:1-7; Leviticus 1:5,7-9; 8:1-10; 21:1-22; Numbers 16:16-50; Numbers 17:1-13; Deuteronomy 18:1-8; Hebrews 7:11-14
make an atonement
Exodus 29:33,36,37; 30:10-16; Leviticus 4:20; Numbers 15:25; 16:46; Job 33:24; *marg:
Moses
Deuteronomy 34:5; Joshua 1:1

Verse 50
And these are the sons of Aaron; Eleazar his son, Phinehas his son, Abishua his son,
these are, etc
We have already had a list of these, though more extensive.
Eleazar
3-9; 24:1; Exodus 6:23; 28:1; Leviticus 10:16; Numbers 3:4,32; 20:26-28; 27:22; Ezra 7:1-5; 8:33
Phinehas
4; 9:20

Verse 53
Zadok his son, Ahimaaz his son.
Zadok
8; 12:28; 23:16; 24:3,31; 1 Samuel 2:35; 2 Samuel 8:17; 15:24-27,35,36; 2 Samuel 17:15-17; 20:25; 1 Kings 1:8,26,34; 2:35; 4:4; Ezekiel 44:15

Verse 54
Now these are their dwelling places throughout their castles in their coasts, of the sons of Aaron, of the families of the Kohathites: for theirs was the lot.
A. M. 2561. B.C. 1443. these are
Numbers 35:1-8; Joshua 21:3-8
castles
Genesis 25:16
of the families
Joshua 21:4,5

Verse 55
And they gave them Hebron in the land of Judah, and the suburbs thereof round about it.
Hebron
Joshua 14:13; 15:13; 21:11-13; Judges 1:20

Verse 57
And to the sons of Aaron they gave the cities of Judah, namely, Hebron, the city of refuge, and Libnah with her suburbs, and Jattir, and Eshtemoa, with their suburbs,
the city of refuge
Numbers 35:13-15; Joshua 20:7-9
Libnah
Joshua 10:29; 15:42; 21:13,14
Jattir
4:17; Joshua 15:48

Verse 58
And Hilen with her suburbs, Debir with her suburbs,
Hilen
Joshua 15:51; 21:15
Holon
Debir.
Joshua 10:3,38; 12:13; 15:49

Verse 59
And Ashan with her suburbs, and Bethshemesh with her suburbs:
Ashan
It is probable that either Ain, in Joshua, is a mistake for Ashan, or that it was called by both names.
4:32; Joshua 15:42; 21:16
Ain
Beth-shemesh.
Joshua 15:10; 21:16; 1 Samuel 6:12-19; Jeremiah 43:13

Verse 60
And out of the tribe of Benjamin; Geba with her suburbs, and Alemeth with her suburbs, and Anathoth with her suburbs. All their cities throughout their families were thirteen cities.
Geba
8:6; Joshua 18:24; 21:17; 1 Samuel 13:3
Alemeth
Joshua 21:18
Almon
Anathoth.
1 Kings 2:26; Isaiah 10:30; Jeremiah 1:1; 11:23; 37:12
thirteen cities
Here there are only eleven enumerated; but two more are added in the book of Joshua, Juttah and Gibeon, which make thirteen. None of the versions give the full number of names, though they all give the whole sum of thirteen; and it is probable that these two cities had been destroyed and lay in ruins when this book was written, and hence were not enumerated.

Verse 61
And unto the sons of Kohath, which were left of the family of that tribe, were cities given out of the half tribe, namely, out of the half tribe of Manasseh, by lot, ten cities.
And unto
1,2,18,33
left
66; Joshua 21:4,5,20-26

Verse 62
And to the sons of Gershom throughout their families out of the tribe of Issachar, and out of the tribe of Asher, and out of the tribe of Naphtali, and out of the tribe of Manasseh in Bashan, thirteen cities.
Gershom
71-76; Exodus 2:22; Joshua 21:27-33

Verse 63
Unto the sons of Merari were given by lot, throughout their families, out of the tribe of Reuben, and out of the tribe of Gad, and out of the tribe of Zebulun, twelve cities.
Merari
77-81; Genesis 46:11; Numbers 3:20; Joshua 21:7,34-40

Verse 64
And the children of Israel gave to the Levites these cities with their suburbs.
the children
Joshua 21:41,42
with their
Numbers 35:2-5

Verse 65
And they gave by lot out of the tribe of the children of Judah, and out of the tribe of the children of Simeon, and out of the tribe of the children of Benjamin, these cities, which are called by their names.
these cities

Verse 67
And they gave unto them, of the cities of refuge, Shechem in mount Ephraim with her suburbs; they gave also Gezer with her suburbs,
Shechem
Genesis 33:18; 35:4; Joshua 20:7; 21:21
Gezer
Joshua 12:12; 16:3,10; 21:21; 1 Kings 9:16

Verse 68
And Jokmeam with her suburbs, and Bethhoron with her suburbs,
Jokmeam
Joshua 21:22
Kibzaim
Beth-horon.
Joshua 10:11; 16:5; 1 Samuel 13:18

Verse 69
And Aijalon with her suburbs, and Gathrimmon with her suburbs:
Aijalon
Joshua 10:12
Ajalon
Joshua 21:24
Gath-rimmon
Joshua 21:24,25

Verse 70
And out of the half tribe of Manasseh; Aner with her suburbs, and Bileam with her suburbs, for the family of the remnant of the sons of Kohath.
Aner
Aner is probably another name of Tanach, which was a city of the half tribe of Manasseh, west of Jordan; and Eusebius, Jerome, and Procopius of Gaza, say that it was in their time a considerable place, three miles from Legio.
Joshua 21:25
Tanach, Gath-rimmon
Bileam.
Joshua 17:11
Ibleam

Verse 71
Unto the sons of Gershom were given out of the family of the half tribe of Manasseh, Golan in Bashan with her suburbs, and Ashtaroth with her suburbs:
Golan
Deuteronomy 4:43; Joshua 20:8; 21:27
Ashtaroth
Deuteronomy 1:4; Joshua 9:10; 21:27
Beesh-terah

Verse 72
And out of the tribe of Issachar; Kedesh with her suburbs, Daberath with her suburbs,
Kedesh
Joshua 19:37; 21:32; Judges 4:9
Daberath
Joshua 21:28,29
Kishon, Daberah, Jarmuth, En-gannim

Verse 74
And out of the tribe of Asher; Mashal with her suburbs, and Abdon with her suburbs,
Mashal
Joshua 19:26; 21:30
Mishal

Verse 75
And Hukok with her suburbs, and Rehob with her suburbs:
Hukok
Joshua 21:31
Helkath

Verse 76
And out of the tribe of Naphtali; Kedesh in Galilee with her suburbs, and Hammon with her suburbs, and Kirjathaim with her suburbs.
Kedesh
Joshua 12:22; 19:37; 20:7; 21:32; Judges 4:6
Kadesh-naphtali
Hammon.
Joshua 21:32
Hammoth-dor, Kartan

Verse 77
Unto the rest of the children of Merari were given out of the tribe of Zebulun, Rimmon with her suburbs, Tabor with her suburbs:
Rimmon
Joshua 21:34,35
Jokneam, Kartah, Dimnah, Nahalal
Tabor
Probably the city on the summit of Tabor, mentioned by Polybius and Josephus, the remains of which still exist.

Verse 78
And on the other side Jordan by Jericho, on the east side of Jordan, were given them out of the tribe of Reuben, Bezer in the wilderness with her suburbs, and Jahzah with her suburbs,
Bezer
Deuteronomy 4:41-43; Joshua 20:8; 21:36
Jahzah
Joshua 21:36,37
Jahazah

Verse 80
And out of the tribe of Gad; Ramoth in Gilead with her suburbs, and Mahanaim with her suburbs,
Ramoth
73; Joshua 21:38,39; 1 Kings 22:3-28; 2 Kings 9:1
Mahanaim
Genesis 32:2; Joshua 21:38; 2 Samuel 17:24,27; 19:32

Verse 81
And Heshbon with her suburbs, and Jazer with her suburbs.
Heshbon
Numbers 21:25; 32:37; Deuteronomy 2:24; Joshua 13:26; Nehemiah 9:22; Song of Solomon 7:4
Jazer
Numbers 32:1,3; Joshua 13:25; 21:39


Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 6". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=1ch&chapter=006>.  

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