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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1Jehu's prophecy against Baasha.
5Elah succeeds him.
8Zimri, conspiring against Elah, succeeds him.
11Zimri executes Jehu's prophecy.
15Omri, made king by the soldiers, forces Zimri desperately to burn himself.
21The kingdom being divided, Omri prevails against Tibni.
23Omri builds Samaria.
25His wicked reign.
27Ahab succeeds him.
29Ahab's most wicked reign.
34Joshua's curse upon Hiel the builder of Jericho.
 
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Chapter 16

Verse 1
Then the word of the LORD came to Jehu the son of Hanani against Baasha, saying,


A. M. 3073. B.C. 931. Jehu
7; 2 Chronicles 19:2; 20:34
Hanani
15:33; 2 Chronicles 16:7-10

Verse 2
Forasmuch as I exalted thee out of the dust, and made thee prince over my people Israel; and thou hast walked in the way of Jeroboam, and hast made my people Israel to sin, to provoke me to anger with their sins;
I exalted thee
14:7; 1 Samuel 2:8,27,28; 15:17-19; 2 Samuel 12:7-11; Psalms 113:7,8; Luke 1:52
thou has walked
13:33,34; 15:34
has made my people
14:16; 15:26; Exodus 32:21; 1 Samuel 2:24; 26:19; Matthew 5:19

Verse 3
Behold, I will take away the posterity of Baasha, and the posterity of his house; and will make thy house like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat.
will make thy house
11,12; 14:10; 15:29,30; 21:21-24; Isaiah 66:24; Jeremiah 22:19

Verse 4
Him that dieth of Baasha in the city shall the dogs eat; and him that dieth of his in the fields shall the fowls of the air eat.
shall the dogs eat
14:11

Verse 5
Now the rest of the acts of Baasha, and what he did, and his might, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
A. M. 3051-3074. B.C. 953-930. the rest
14:19; 15:31; 2 Chronicles 16:1-6

Verse 6
So Baasha slept with his fathers, and was buried in Tirzah: and Elah his son reigned in his stead.
A. M. 3074. B.C. 930. Baasha
14:20; 15:25
Tirzah
14:17; 15:21
Elah
8,13,14

Verse 7
And also by the hand of the prophet Jehu the son of Hanani came the word of the LORD against Baasha, and against his house, even for all the evil that he did in the sight of the LORD, in provoking him to anger with the work of his hands, in being like the house of Jeroboam; and because he killed him.
the hand
1,2
and against his house
Exodus 20:5
in provoking
with the work
Psalms 115:4; Isaiah 2:8; 44:9-20
because he killed him
This the Vulgate understands of Jehu the prophet; some think Baasha is intended; others Nadab the son of Jeroboam; and others Jeroboam, whom Baasha destroyed in his posterity by cruelly murdering them all.
14:14; 15:27-29; 2 Kings 10:30,31; Isaiah 10:6,7; Hosea 1:4; Acts 2:23; 4:27,28

Verse 8
In the twenty and sixth year of Asa king of Judah began Elah the son of Baasha to reign over Israel in Tirzah, two years.
A. M. 3075. B.C. 929. In the twenty. Baasha began to reign in the third year of Asa, and reigned 24 years; yet he died and was succeeded by Elah in the 26th year of Asa; and, in like manner, Elah, who began to reign in the 26th year of Asa, and was killed in the 27th, is said to have reigned two years. Thus it is evident that a part of a year is calculated as a whole year. In the Chinese annals, the whole year in which a king dies is ascribed to his reign, the years of the succeeding king being reckoned only from the beginning of the following year

Verse 9
And his servant Zimri, captain of half his chariots, conspired against him, as he was in Tirzah, drinking himself drunk in the house of Arza steward of his house in Tirzah.
his servant
2 Kings 9:31
conspired
15:27; 2 Kings 9:14; 12:20; 15:10,25,30
drinking
20:16; 1 Samuel 25:36-38; 2 Samuel 13:28,29; Proverbs 23:29-35; Jeremiah 51:57; Daniel 5:1-4,30; Nahum 1:10; Habakkuk 2:15,16; Matthew 24:49-51; Luke 21:34
steward of
Heb. which was over.
Genesis 15:2; 24:2,10; 39:4,9

Verse 10
And Zimri went in and smote him, and killed him, in the twenty and seventh year of Asa king of Judah, and reigned in his stead.
Zimri
2 Kings 9:31
reigned

Verse 11
And it came to pass, when he began to reign, as soon as he sat on his throne, that he slew all the house of Baasha: he left him not one that pisseth against a wall, neither of his kinsfolks, nor of his friends.
he slew
15:29; Judges 1:7
he left him
14:10; 1 Samuel 25:22,34
neither of his kinsfolks, nor of his friends
or, both his kinsmen and his friends.

Verse 12
Thus did Zimri destroy all the house of Baasha, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake against Baasha by Jehu the prophet,
according
by Jehu the prophet
Heb. by the hand of Jehu the prophet.
1,7; 14:18; 2 Kings 14:25; 2 Chronicles 10:15; Proverbs 26:6

Verse 13
For all the sins of Baasha, and the sins of Elah his son, by which they sinned, and by which they made Israel to sin, in provoking the LORD God of Israel to anger with their vanities.
in provoking
15:30
vanities
Deuteronomy 32:21; 1 Samuel 12:21; 2 Kings 17:15; Isaiah 41:29; Jeremiah 10:3-5,8,15; Jonah 2:8; Romans 1:21-23; 1 Corinthians 8:4; 10:19,20

Verse 14
Now the rest of the acts of Elah, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
they not written

Verse 15
In the twenty and seventh year of Asa king of Judah did Zimri reign seven days in Tirzah. And the people were encamped against Gibbethon, which belonged to the Philistines.
seven
8; 2 Kings 9:31; Job 20:5; Psalms 37:35
And the people were encamped
15:27; Joshua 19:44; 21:23

Verse 16
And the people that were encamped heard say, Zimri hath conspired, and hath also slain the king: wherefore all Israel made Omri, the captain of the host, king over Israel that day in the camp.
Omri
30; 2 Kings 8:26; 2 Chronicles 22:2; Micah 6:16

Verse 17
And Omri went up from Gibbethon, and all Israel with him, and they besieged Tirzah.
besieged Tirzah
Judges 9:45,50,56,57; 2 Kings 6:24,25; 18:9-12; 25:1-4; Luke 19:43,44

Verse 18
And it came to pass, when Zimri saw that the city was taken, that he went into the palace of the king's house, and burnt the king's house over him with fire, and died,
and burnt the king's house
Judges 9:54; 1 Samuel 31:4,5; 2 Samuel 17:23; Job 2:9,10; Matthew 27:5

Verse 19
For his sins which he sinned in doing evil in the sight of the LORD, in walking in the way of Jeroboam, and in his sin which he did, to make Israel to sin.
in doing
7,13; 15:30; Psalms 9:16; 58:9-11
in his
12:28; 14:16; 15:26,34

Verse 20
Now the rest of the acts of Zimri, and his treason that he wrought, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
the rest
5,14,27; 14:19; 15:31; 22:39

Verse 21
Then were the people of Israel divided into two parts: half of the people followed Tibni the son of Ginath, to make him king; and half followed Omri.
divided
8,29; 15:25,28; Proverbs 28:2; Isaiah 9:18-21; 19:2; Matthew 12:25; 1 Corinthians 1:12,13; Ephesians 4:3-5

Verse 23
In the thirty and first year of Asa king of Judah began Omri to reign over Israel, twelve years: six years reigned he in Tirzah.
A. M. 3079-3086. B.C. 925-918. the thirty. As it is stated in verses 10 and 15, that Zimri began to reign in the 27th year of Asa; and as he reigned only seven days, and Omri immediately succeeded him, this could not be the 31st, but in the 27th year of Asa. Jarchi, from Sedar Olam, reconciles this, by stating that Tibni and Omri began to reign jointly in the 27th year of Asa; and that Tibni dying about five years afterwards, Omri began to reign alone in the 31st year of Asa
2 Chronicles 22:2
twelve years
8,29

Verse 24
And he bought the hill Samaria of Shemer for two talents of silver, and built on the hill, and called the name of the city which he built, after the name of Shemer, owner of the hill, Samaria.
the name of the city
13:32; 18:2; 20:1; 22:37; 2 Kings 17:1,6,24; John 4:4,5; Acts 8:5-8
Samaria
Heb. Shomeron. Samaria was situated on a agreeable and fertile hill in the tribe of Ephraim, twelve miles from Dothaim and four from Atharoth, according to Eusebius, and one day's journey from Jerusalem, according to Josephus.

Verse 25
But Omri wrought evil in the eyes of the LORD, and did worse than all that were before him.
did worse
30,31,33; 14:9; Micah 6:16

Verse 26
For he walked in all the way of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, and in his sin wherewith he made Israel to sin, to provoke the LORD God of Israel to anger with their vanities.
he walked
2,7,19; 12:26-33; 13:33,34
their vanities
13; Psalms 31:6; Jeremiah 8:19; 10:3,8; 14:22; 16:19; 18:15; Acts 14:15; Romans 1:21-23

Verse 27
Now the rest of the acts of Omri which he did, and his might that he shewed, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
the rest
5,14,20; 15:31

Verse 28
So Omri slept with his fathers, and was buried in Samaria: and Ahab his son reigned in his stead.
So Omri slept

Verse 29
And in the thirty and eighth year of Asa king of Judah began Ahab the son of Omri to reign over Israel: and Ahab the son of Omri reigned over Israel in Samaria twenty and two years.
A. M. 3086-3107. B.C. 918-897. Samaria. See on ver

Verse 30
And Ahab the son of Omri did evil in the sight of the LORD above all that were before him.
above
25,31,33; 14:9; 21:25; 2 Kings 3:2

Verse 31
And it came to pass, as if it had been a light thing for him to walk in the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, that he took to wife Jezebel the daughter of Ethbaal king of the Zidonians, and went and served Baal, and worshipped him.
as if it had been a light thing
Heb. was it a light thing.
Genesis 30:15; Numbers 16:9; Isaiah 7:13; Ezekiel 8:17; 16:20,47; 34:18
took to wife
Genesis 6:2; Deuteronomy 7:3,4; Joshua 23:12,13; Nehemiah 13:23-29
Jezebel
18:4,19; 19:1,2; 21:5-14,25; 2 Kings 9:30-37; Revelation 2:20
the Zidonians
11:1; Judges 10:12; 18:7
and went
11:4-8
served Baal
21:25,26; Judges 2:11; 3:7; 10:6; 2 Kings 10:18; 17:16

Verse 32
And he reared up an altar for Baal in the house of Baal, which he had built in Samaria.
the house of Baal
2 Kings 10:21,26,27

Verse 33
And Ahab made a grove; and Ahab did more to provoke the LORD God of Israel to anger than all the kings of Israel that were before him.
made a grove
Exodus 34:13; 2 Kings 13:6; 17:16; 21:3; Jeremiah 17:1,2
did more to provoke
30; 21:19,25; 22:6,8

Verse 34
In his days did Hiel the Bethelite build Jericho: he laid the foundation thereof in Abiram his firstborn, and set up the gates thereof in his youngest son Segub, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake by Joshua the son of Nun.
Joshua 6:26; 23:14,15; Zechariah 1:5; Matthew 24:35


Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 16". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=1ki&chapter=016>.  

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