The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
1 Elkanah, a Levite, having two wives, worships yearly at Shiloh. 4 He cherishes Hannah, though barren, and provoked by Peninnah. 9 Hannah in grief prays for a child. 12 Eli first rebuking her, afterwards blesses her. 19 Hannah, having born Samuel, stays at home till he is weaned. 24 She presents him, according to her vow, to the Lord. Previous Next Chapter 2 Printer friendly version Additional Resources Adam Clark Commentary
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Buy This Resource Chapter 1 Verse 1 Now there was a certain man of Ramathaimzophim, of mount Ephraim, and his name was , the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Elkanah , an Zuph : Ephrathite
Ramathaim-zophim This ancient town, now called Ramla, is, according to Phocas, about thirty-six miles west of Jerusalem, and, according to modern travellers, about nine miles from Joppa and a league from Lydda, between which it is situated. It is built on a rising ground, on a rich plain, and contains about two thousand families.
19; Matthew 27:57
Judges 17:1; 19:1
Elkanah 1 Chronicles 6:25-27,34
Ephrathite 17:12; Judges 12:5; Ruth 1:2; 1 Kings 11:26 Verse 2 And he had wives; the name of the one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah: and Peninnah had children, two Hannah had no children. but
two Genesis 4:19,23; 29:23-29; Judges 8:30; Matthew 19:8
but Genesis 16:1,2; 25:21; 29:31; Judges 13:2; Luke 1:7 Verse 3 And this man went up out of his city yearly and to sacrifice unto the LORD of hosts in to worship . Shiloh two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests of the LORD, were there. And the
yearly Heb. from year to year.
Exodus 23:14,17; 34:23; Deuteronomy 16:16; Luke 2:41
to worship Deuteronomy 12:5-7,11-14
Shiloh 9; Joshua 18:1; Judges 18:31; Psalms 78:60; Jeremiah 7:12-14
And the 9; 2:12-17,34; 3:13; 4:4,11,17,18 Verse 4 And when the time was that Elkanah , he gave to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions: offered
offered Leviticus 3:4; 7:15; Deuteronomy 12:5-7,17; 16:11 Verse 5 But unto Hannah he gave ; for a worthy portion Hannah: but the LORD had he loved her womb. shut up
a worthy portion or, a double portion. The Hebrew phrase, manah achath appayim, is correctly rendered by Gesenius, ein Stud fur zwei personen, doppelle Portion, "a portion for two persons, a double portion;" for aph in Hebrew, and [prosopon] in Greek, which literally mean a face, are used for a person.
Genesis 43:34; 45:22
he loved Genesis 29:30,31; Deuteronomy 21:15
shut up Genesis 20:18; 30:2 Verse 6 And her also adversary sore, for to make her fret, because the LORD had shut up her womb. provoked her
adversary Leviticus 18:18; Job 6:14
provoked her Heb. angered her. Verse 7 And as he did so by year, year went up to the house of the LORD, so she provoked her; therefore she wept, and did not eat. when she
when she or, from the time that she. Heb. from her going up. Verse 8 Then said Elkanah her husband to her, Hannah, thou? and why eatest thou not? and why is thy heart grieved? why weepest I better to thee than ten sons? am not
why weepest 2 Samuel 12:16,17; 2 Kings 8:12; Job 6:14; John 20:13,15; 1 Thessalonians 5:14
am not Ruth 4:15; Psalms 43:4; Isaiah 54:1,6 Verse 9 So Hannah rose up after they had eaten in Shiloh, and after they had drunk. Now Eli the priest sat upon a seat by a post of the temple of the LORD.
3:3,15; 2 Samuel 7:2; Psalms 5:7; 27:4; 29:9 Verse 10 And she was , and in bitterness of soul unto the LORD, and prayed . wept sore
in bitterness of soul Heb. bitter of soul.
Ruth 1:20; 2 Samuel 17:8; Job 7:11; 9:18; 10:1; Isaiah 38:15; 54:6; Lamentations 3:15
prayed Psalms 50:15; 91:15; Luke 22:44; Hebrews 5:7
wept sore Genesis 50:10; Judges 21:2; 2 Samuel 13:36; 2 Kings 20:3; Jeremiah 13:17; 22:10 Verse 11 And she a vow, and said, O LORD of hosts, if thou wilt indeed vowed on the affliction of thine handmaid, and look me, and not forget thine handmaid, but wilt give unto thine handmaid remember , then I will give him unto the LORD all the days of his life, and a man child shall no razor come upon his head. there
vowed Genesis 28:20; Numbers 21:2; 30:3-8; Judges 11:30; Ecclesiastes 5:4
look Genesis 29:32; Exodus 4:31; 2 Samuel 16:12; Psalms 25:18
remember 19; Genesis 8:1; 30:22; Psalms 132:1,2
a man child Heb. seed of men. I will give. Samuel, as a descendent of Levi, was the Lord's property, from twenty-five years of age till fifty; but the vow here implies that he should be consecrated to the Lord from his infancy to his death, and that he should not only act as a Levite, but as a Nazarite.
there Numbers 6:5; Judges 13:5 Verse 12 And it came to pass, as she before the LORD, that Eli marked her mouth. continued praying
continued praying Heb. multiplied to pray.
Luke 11:8-10; 18:1; Ephesians 6:18; Colossians 4:2; 1 Thessalonians 5:17; James 5:16 Verse 13 Now Hannah, she in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard: therefore Eli thought spake been drunken. she had
spake Genesis 24:42-45; Nehemiah 2:4; Psalms 25:1; Romans 8:26
she had Zechariah 9:15; Acts 2:13; 1 Corinthians 13:7 Verse 14 And Eli said unto her, wilt thou be drunken? How long thy wine from thee. put away
How long Joshua 22:12-20; Job 8:2; Psalms 62:3; Proverbs 6:9; Matthew 7:1-3
put away Job 11:14; 22:23; Proverbs 4:24; Ephesians 4:25,31 Verse 15 And Hannah answered and said, No, my lord, I am a woman : I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but have poured out my soul before the LORD. of a sorrowful spirit
No, my Lord Proverbs 15:1; 25:15
of a sorrowful spirit Heb. hard of spirit. poured.
Psalms 42:4; 62:8; 142:2,3; 143:6; Lamentations 2:19 Verse 16 Count not thine handmaid for of Belial: for a daughter the abundance of my out of and grief have I spoken hitherto. complaint
a daughter 2:12; 10:27; 25:25; Deuteronomy 13:13
out of Job 6:2,3; 10:1,2; Matthew 12:34,35
complaint or, meditation. Verse 17 Then Eli answered and said, in peace: and Go of Israel grant thee thy petition that thou hast asked of him. the God
Go 25:35; 29:7; Judges 18:6; 2 Kings 5:19; Mark 5:34; Luke 7:50; 8:48
the God 1 Chronicles 4:10; Psalms 20:3-5 Verse 18 And she said, handmaid find grace in thy sight. So the woman Let thine way, and did eat, and her countenance was no more sad. went her
Let thine Genesis 32:5; 33:8,15; Ruth 2:13
went her Ecclesiastes 9:7; John 16:24; Romans 15:13; Philippians 4:6,7 Verse 19 And up in the morning early, and worshipped before the LORD, and returned, and came to their house to Ramah: and Elkanah they rose Hannah his wife; and the LORD remembered her. knew
they rose 9:26; Psalms 5:3; 55:17; 119:147; Mark 1:35
knew Genesis 4:1
and the Lord 11; Genesis 8:1; 21:1; 30:22; Psalms 25:7; 136:23; Luke 23:42 Verse 20 Wherefore it came to pass, after Hannah had conceived, that she bare a son, and called his name Samuel, saying, Because I have asked him of the LORD. when the time was come about
when the time was come about Heb. in revolution of days. Samuel. that is, Asked of God. Because.
Genesis 4:25; 5:29; 16:11; 29:32-35; 30:6-21; 41:51,52; Exodus 2:10,22; Matthew 1:21 Verse 21 And the man Elkanah, and all his house, went up to offer unto the LORD the yearly sacrifice, and his vow.
3; Genesis 18:19; Joshua 24:15; Psalms 101:2 Verse 22 But Hannah went not up; for she said unto her husband, I will not go up until the child be weaned, and I will bring him, that he may appear before the LORD, then abide and there . for ever
then Deuteronomy 16:16; Luke 2:22,41,42
and there 11,28; 2:11,18; 3:1; Psalms 23:6; 27:4
for ever Exodus 21:6; Leviticus 25:23; Joshua 4:7; Psalms 110:4; Isaiah 9:7 Verse 23 And Elkanah her husband said unto her, seemeth thee good; tarry until thou have weaned him; only the LORD establish his word. So the woman abode, and gave her Do what until she weaned him. son suck
Do what Numbers 30:7-11
the Lord 2 Samuel 7:25; Isaiah 44:26
son suck Genesis 21:7,8; Psalms 22:9; Matthew 24:19; Luke 11:27 Verse 24 And when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, with , and one ephah of flour, and a bottle of wine, and brought him unto the three bullocks of the LORD in Shiloh: and the child was young. house
A. M. 2839. B.C. 1165. An. Ex. Is. 326. she took Numbers 15:9,10; Deuteronomy 12:5,6,11; 16:16
three bullocks The LXX., Syriac, and Arabic, read "a bullock of three years old;" which is probably correct, as we read (ver. 25) that they slew eth happar, "the bullock."
house 4:3,4; Joshua 18:1 Verse 25 And they slew a bullock, and the child to Eli. brought
brought Luke 2:22; 18:15,16 Verse 26 And she said, Oh my lord, liveth, my lord, I am the woman that stood by thee here, praying unto the LORD. as thy soul
as thy soul 17:55; 20:3; Genesis 42:15; 2 Samuel 11:11; 14:19; 2 Kings 2:2,4,6; 4:30 Verse 27 child I prayed; and the LORD hath given me my petition which I asked of him: For this
For this 11-13; Matthew 7:7
and the Lord Psalms 66:19; 116:1-5; 118:5; 1 John 5:15 Verse 28 Therefore also I have to the LORD; as long as he liveth lent him lent to the LORD. And he worshipped the LORD there. he shall be
lent him or, returned him, whom I have obtained by petition, to the Lord. The word hishilteehoo, "I have lent him," is the Hiphil conjugation of shušl, "he asked," (ver. 27,) and refers to the name of Samuel.
he shall be or, he whom I have obtained by petition shall be returned. he worshipped.
Genesis 24:26,48,52; 2 Timothy 3:15