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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1Samuel anoints Saul.
2He confirms him by prediction of three signs.
9Saul's heart is changed, and he prophesies.
14He conceals the matter of the kingdom from his uncle.
17Saul is chosen at Mizpeh by lot.
26The different affections of his subjects.
 
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Chapter 10

Verse 1
Then Samuel took a vial of oil, and poured it upon his head, and kissed him, and said, Is it not because the LORD hath anointed thee to be captain over his inheritance?


a vial
2:10; 9:16; 16:13; 24:6; 26:11; 2 Kings 9:3-6; Acts 13:21; Revelation 5:8
kissed him
2 Samuel 19:39; 1 Kings 19:18; Psalms 2:12; Hosea 13:2; 1 Thessalonians 5:26
captain
8:9,19; 13:14; Joshua 5:14,15; 2 Samuel 5:2; 2 Kings 20:5; Hebrews 2:10
his inheritance
Exodus 19:5,6; Deuteronomy 32:9; Psalms 78:71; 135:4; Jeremiah 10:16

Verse 2
When thou art departed from me to day, then thou shalt find two men by Rachel's sepulchre in the border of Benjamin at Zelzah; and they will say unto thee, The asses which thou wentest to seek are found: and, lo, thy father hath left the care of the asses, and sorroweth for you, saying, What shall I do for my son?
Rachel's
Genesis 35:19; Jeremiah 31:15
Zelzah
Joshua 18:28
The asses
16; 9:3-5
care
Heb. business.

Verse 3
Then shalt thou go on forward from thence, and thou shalt come to the plain of Tabor, and there shall meet thee three men going up to God to Bethel, one carrying three kids, and another carrying three loaves of bread, and another carrying a bottle of wine:
Tabor
Joshua 19:12,22; Judges 4:6,12; 8:18; Psalms 89:12
Beth-el
Genesis 28:19,22; 35:1,3,6,7
three kids
Leviticus 1:10; 3:6,12; 7:13; 23:13; Numbers 15:5-12

Verse 4
And they will salute thee, and give thee two loaves of bread; which thou shalt receive of their hands.
salute thee
Heb. ask thee of peace.
Judges 18:15

Verse 5
After that thou shalt come to the hill of God, where is the garrison of the Philistines: and it shall come to pass, when thou art come thither to the city, that thou shalt meet a company of prophets coming down from the high place with a psaltery, and a tabret, and a pipe, and a harp, before them; and they shall prophesy:
hill of God
10; 13:3
a company
19:20; 2 Kings 2:3,5,15; 4:38; 6:1
a psaltery
Exodus 15:20,21; 2 Kings 3:15; 1 Chronicles 13:8; 15:19-21,27,28; 16:5,42; 25:1-6; 2 Chronicles 29:25-27; Psalms 49:4; 150:3-6

Verse 6
And the Spirit of the LORD will come upon thee, and thou shalt prophesy with them, and shalt be turned into another man.
Spirit
10; 16:13; 19:23,24; Numbers 11:25; Judges 3:10; Matthew 7:22
another man

Verse 7
And let it be, when these signs are come unto thee, that thou do as occasion serve thee; for God is with thee.
let it be
Heb. it shall come to pass that, etc. signs.
Exodus 4:8; Luke 2:12; John 6:14
that thou do as occasion, etc
Heb. do for thee as thine hand shall find.
Judges 9:33
God
Genesis 21:20; Deuteronomy 20:1; Judges 6:12; Isaiah 7:14; 45:1,2; Matthew 1:23; 28:20

Verse 8
And thou shalt go down before me to Gilgal; and, behold, I will come down unto thee, to offer burnt offerings, and to sacrifice sacrifices of peace offerings: seven days shalt thou tarry, till I come to thee, and shew thee what thou shalt do.
to Gilgal
11:14,15; 13:4,8-15; 15:33

Verse 9
And it was so, that when he had turned his back to go from Samuel, God gave him another heart: and all those signs came to pass that day.
back
Heb. shoulder. gave. Heb. turned. another heart.
and all those signs
The following history of Saul is given by the Afghans, a people generally supposed to be of Jewish origin: "In a war which raged between the children of Israel and the Amalekites, the latter being victorious, plundered the Jews, and obtained possession of the ark of the covenant. Considering this [as] the God of the Jews, they threw it into the fire, which did not affect it. They afterwards attempted to cleave it with axes, but without success: every individual who treated it with indignity, was punished for his temerity. They then placed it in their temple; but all their idols bowed to it. At length they fastened it upon a cow, which they turned loose in the wilderness. When the prophet Samuel arose, the children of Israel said to him, 'We have been totally subdued by the Amalekites, and have no king. Raise to us a king, that we may be enabled to contend for the glory of God.' Samuel said, 'In case you are led out to battle, are you determined to fight?' They answered, 'What has befallen us, that we should not fight against infidels? That nation has banished us from our country and children.' At this time the angel Gabriel descended, and delivering a wand, said, 'It is the command of God, that the person whose stature shall correspond with this wand, shall be king of Israel.' Melec Tálút was at that time a man of inferior condition, and performed the humble employment of feeding the goats and cows of others. One day, a cow under his charge was accidentally lost. Being disappointed in his searches, he was greatly distressed, and applied to Samuel saying, 'I have lost a cow, and I do not possess the means of satisfying the owner. Pray for me that I may be extricated from this difficulty.' Samuel perceiving that he was a man of lofty stature, asked his name. He answered, Tálút. Samuel then said, 'Measure Tálút with the wand which the angel Gabriel brought.' His stature was equal to it. Samuel then said, 'God has raised Tálút to be your king.' The children of Israel answered, 'We are greater than our king. We are men of dignity, and he is of inferior condition. How shall he be our king?' Samuel informed them, they should know that God had constituted Tálút king, by his restoring the ark of the covenant. He accordingly restored it, and they acknowledged him their sovereign." Asiatic Researches, vol. ii. p. 119, et seq.
2-5; Judges 6:21,36-40; 7:11; Isaiah 38:7,8; Mark 14:16

Verse 10
And when they came thither to the hill, behold, a company of prophets met him; and the Spirit of God came upon him, and he prophesied among them.
they came
5; 19:20-24

Verse 11
And it came to pass, when all that knew him beforetime saw that, behold, he prophesied among the prophets, then the people said one to another, What is this that is come unto the son of Kish? Is Saul also among the prophets?
when all
John 9:8,9; Acts 3:10
one to another
Heb. a man to his neighbour. What is this.
Matthew 13:54,55; Acts 2:7,8; 4:13; 9:21
Is Saul
19:24; John 7:15

Verse 12
And one of the same place answered and said, But who is their father? Therefore it became a proverb, Is Saul also among the prophets?
of the same place
Heb. from thence. who is their.
Isaiah 54:13; John 6:45; 7:16; James 1:17

Verse 14
And Saul's uncle said unto him and to his servant, Whither went ye? And he said, To seek the asses: and when we saw that they were no where, we came to Samuel.
And he said
9:3-10
no where
2 Kings 5:25

Verse 16
And Saul said unto his uncle, He told us plainly that the asses were found. But of the matter of the kingdom, whereof Samuel spake, he told him not.
matter
9:27; Exodus 4:18; Judges 14:6; Proverbs 29:11

Verse 17
And Samuel called the people together unto the LORD to Mizpeh;
unto the Lord
7:5,6; Judges 20:1

Verse 18
And said unto the children of Israel, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, I brought up Israel out of Egypt, and delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of all kingdoms, and of them that oppressed you:
Thus saith
Judges 2:1; 6:8,9; Nehemiah 9:9-12,27,28

Verse 19
And ye have this day rejected your God, who himself saved you out of all your adversities and your tribulations; and ye have said unto him, Nay, but set a king over us. Now therefore present yourselves before the LORD by your tribes, and by your thousands.
And ye have
8:7-9,19; 12:12,17-19
by your tribes
Numbers 17:2; Joshua 7:14-26; Micah 5:2

Verse 20
And when Samuel had caused all the tribes of Israel to come near, the tribe of Benjamin was taken.
caused
14:41; Joshua 7:16-18; Acts 1:24-26

Verse 22
Therefore they enquired of the LORD further, if the man should yet come thither. And the LORD answered, Behold, he hath hid himself among the stuff.
enquired
23:2-4,11,12; Numbers 27:21; Judges 1:1; 20:18,23,28
hid
9:21; 15:17; Luke 14:11

Verse 23
And they ran and fetched him thence: and when he stood among the people, he was higher than any of the people from his shoulders and upward.
he was higher
9:2; 16:7; 17:4

Verse 24
And Samuel said to all the people, See ye him whom the LORD hath chosen, that there is none like him among all the people? And all the people shouted, and said, God save the king.
See ye him
Deuteronomy 17:15; 2 Samuel 21:6
God save the king
Heb. Let the king live.
1 Kings 1:25,21,39; 2 Kings 11:12; Matthew 21:9

Verse 25
Then Samuel told the people the manner of the kingdom, and wrote it in a book, and laid it up before the LORD. And Samuel sent all the people away, every man to his house.
8:11-18; Deuteronomy 17:14-20; Ezekiel 45:9,10; 46:16-18; Romans 13:1-7; 1 Timothy 2:2; Titus 3:1; 1 Peter 2:13,14

Verse 26
And Saul also went home to Gibeah; and there went with him a band of men, whose hearts God had touched.
Gibeah
11:4; 15:34; Joshua 18:28; Judges 19:12-16; 20:14; 2 Samuel 21:6
whose hearts
Ezra 1:5; Psalms 110:3; Acts 7:10; 13:48

Verse 27
But the children of Belial said, How shall this man save us? And they despised him, and brought him no presents. But he held his peace.
children
2:12; 11:12; Deuteronomy 13:13; 2 Samuel 20:1; 2 Chronicles 13:7; Acts 7:35,51,52
brought him
2 Samuel 8:2; 1 Kings 4:21; 10:25; 2 Chronicles 17:5; Psalms 72:10; Matthew 2:11
he held his peace
or, he was as though he had been deaf.
Psalms 38:13; Isaiah 36:21; Matthew 27:12-14


Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 10". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=1sa&chapter=010>.  

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