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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1How the word of the Lord was first revealed to Samuel.
11God tells Samuel the destruction of Eli's house.
15Samuel, though loath, tells Eli the vision.
19Samuel grows in credit.
 
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Chapter 3

Verse 1
And the child Samuel ministered unto the LORD before Eli. And the word of the LORD was precious in those days; there was no open vision.


the child
15; 2:11,18
the word
21; Psalms 74:9; Isaiah 13:12; Amos 8:11,12

Verse 2
And it came to pass at that time, when Eli was laid down in his place, and his eyes began to wax dim, that he could not see;
his eyes
2:22; 4:15; Genesis 27:1; 48:19; Psalms 90:10; Ecclesiastes 12:3

Verse 3
And ere the lamp of God went out in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was, and Samuel was laid down to sleep;
ere
Before sun-rise: for it is probable the lamps were extinguished before the rising of the sun; see the Parallel Passages.
the lamp
Exodus 27:20,21; 30:7,8; Leviticus 24:2-4; 2 Chronicles 13:11
the temple
1:6; Psalms 5:7; 27:4; 29:9

Verse 4
That the LORD called Samuel: and he answered, Here am I.
called Samuel
Genesis 22:1; Exodus 3:4; Psalms 99:6; Acts 9:4; 1 Corinthians 12:6-11,28; Galatians 1:15,16

Verse 6
And the LORD called yet again, Samuel. And Samuel arose and went to Eli, and said, Here am I; for thou didst call me. And he answered, I called not, my son; lie down again.
4:16; Genesis 43:29; 2 Samuel 18:22; Matthew 9:2

Verse 7
Now Samuel did not yet know the LORD, neither was the word of the LORD yet revealed unto him.
Now Samuel
Or, Thus did Samuel before he knew the Lord, and before the word of the Lord was revealed unto him.
did not yet
Samuel was not destitute of the knowledge of God, in that sense which implies the total absence of true piety, as Eli's sons were; for he knew and worshipped the God of Israel: but he did not know him as communicating special revelations of his will to him, in the manner in which he made it known to the prophets.
Jeremiah 9:24; Acts 19:2

Verse 8
And the LORD called Samuel again the third time. And he arose and went to Eli, and said, Here am I; for thou didst call me. And Eli perceived that the LORD had called the child.
the third
Job 33:14,15; Although Samuel did not apprehend the way in which God reveals himself to his servants the prophets--by the "still small voice"--yet when this direct communication from the Almighty was made the third time, in a way altogether new and strange to him, it seems astonishing that he did not immediately apprehend. Perhaps he would have been sooner aware of a divine revelation, had it come in a dream or a vision. Those who have the greatest knowledge of divine things, should remember the time when they were as babes, unskilful in the word of righteousness.; 1 Corinthians 13:11,12

Verse 9
Therefore Eli said unto Samuel, Go, lie down: and it shall be, if he call thee, that thou shalt say, Speak, LORD; for thy servant heareth. So Samuel went and lay down in his place.
Speak
Exodus 20:19; Psalms 85:8; Isaiah 6:8; Daniel 10:19; Acts 9:6

Verse 10
And the LORD came, and stood, and called as at other times, Samuel, Samuel. Then Samuel answered, Speak; for thy servant heareth.
the Lord came
This seems to imply a visible appearance, as well as an audible voice.
as at other
4-6,8; Samuel did not now rise and run as before, when thought he Eli called, but lay still and listened. All must be silent, when God speaks. Observe, however, Samuel in his reply left out one word: he did not say, Speak, Lord, but only Speak, for thy servant heareth; perhaps, as Bp. Patrick suggests, out of uncertainty, whether it was God that spake to him or not. However, by this answer way was made for the message he was now to receive, and Samuel was brought acquainted with the words of God and visions of the Almighty.

Verse 11
And the LORD said to Samuel, Behold, I will do a thing in Israel, at which both the ears of every one that heareth it shall tingle.
I will do
Isaiah 29:14; Amos 3:6,7; Habakkuk 1:5; Acts 13:41
both the ears
2 Kings 21:12; Isaiah 28:19; Jeremiah 19:3; Luke 21:26

Verse 12
In that day I will perform against Eli all things which I have spoken concerning his house: when I begin, I will also make an end.
I will perform
2:27-36; Numbers 23:19; Joshua 23:15; Zechariah 1:6; Luke 21:33
when I begin, etc
Heb. beginning and ending.

Verse 13
For I have told him that I will judge his house for ever for the iniquity which he knoweth; because his sons made themselves vile, and he restrained them not.
For I have told him
or, And I will tell him, etc.
2:27-30,31-36
I will
2 Chronicles 20:12; Ezekiel 7:3; 18:30; Joel 3:12
which he knoweth
1 Kings 2:44; Ecclesiastes 7:22; 1 John 3:20
his sons
2:12,17,22,23-26
vile
or, accursed. restrained them not. Heb. frowned not upon them.
2:23-25; 1 Kings 1:6; Proverbs 19:18; 23:13,14; 29:15; Matthew 10:37

Verse 14
And therefore I have sworn unto the house of Eli, that the iniquity of Eli's house shall not be purged with sacrifice nor offering for ever.
the iniquity
2:25; Numbers 15:30,31; Psalms 51:16; Isaiah 22:14; Jeremiah 7:16; 15:1; Ezekiel 24:13; Hebrews 10:4-10,26-31

Verse 15
And Samuel lay until the morning, and opened the doors of the house of the LORD. And Samuel feared to shew Eli the vision.
opened
1:9; Malachi 1:10
Samuel
Samuel reverenced Eli as a father, and feared to distress him by shewing what God had purposed to do. It does not appear that God commanded Samuel to deliver this message; he therefore did not attempt it till adjured by Eli. It might be supposed that Samuel would have been so full of ecstasy as to have forgotten his ordinary service, and run amongst his friends to tell them of the converse he had with God in the night: but he modestly keeps it to himself. Our secret communion with God is not to be proclaimed on the house-top.
feared
Jeremiah 1:6-8; 1 Corinthians 16:10,11

Verse 17
And he said, What is the thing that the LORD hath said unto thee? I pray thee hide it not from me: God do so to thee, and more also, if thou hide any thing from me of all the things that he said unto thee.
I pray thee
Psalms 141:5; Daniel 4:19; Micah 2:7
God
20:13; Ruth 1:17; 2 Samuel 3:35; 19:13; 1 Kings 22:16; Matthew 26:63
more also
Heb. so add. thing. or, word.

Verse 18
And Samuel told him every whit, and hid nothing from him. And he said, It is the LORD: let him do what seemeth him good.
every whit
Heb. all the things, or, words. Whit, or wid, comes from the Anglo-Saxon wiht, which signifies person, thing, etc.: every whit is every thing: equivalent to every jot.
It is the Lord
Genesis 18:25; Judges 10:15; 2 Samuel 16:10-12; Job 1:21; 2:10; Psalms 39:9; Isaiah 39:8; Lamentations 3:39; 1 Peter 5:6

Verse 19
And Samuel grew, and the LORD was with him, and did let none of his words fall to the ground.
grew
2:21; Judges 13:24; Luke 1:80; 2:40,52
the Lord
18:14; Genesis 39:2,21-23; Isaiah 43:2; Matthew 1:23; Luke 1:28; 2 Corinthians 13:11,14; 2 Timothy 4:22
let none
9:6; 1 Kings 8:56; Isaiah 44:26

Verse 20
And all Israel from Dan even to Beersheba knew that Samuel was established to be a prophet of the LORD.
Dan
Judges 20:1; 2 Samuel 3:10; 17:11
established
or, faithful.
1 Timothy 1:12

Verse 21
And the LORD appeared again in Shiloh: for the LORD revealed himself to Samuel in Shiloh by the word of the LORD.
And the Lord
Wyyoseph yehowah lehaira÷h, "And Jehovah added to appear:" that is, He continued to reveal himself to Samuel at Shiloh.
appeared
Genesis 12:7; 15:1; Numbers 12:6; Amos 3:7; Hebrews 1:1
the word
1,4


Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 3". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=1sa&chapter=003>.  

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