The Treasury of Scripture KnowledgeChapter 33
Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign, and he reigned fifty and five years in Jerusalem:
- A. M. 3306-3361. B.C. 693-643. Manasseh
- 32:33; 2 Kings 21:1-18; 1 Chronicles 3:13; Matthew 1:10
- 34:1,2; Ecclesiastes 10:16; Isaiah 3:4,12
But did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, like unto the abominations of the heathen, whom the LORD had cast out before the children of Israel.
- like unto
- 28:3; 36:14; Leviticus 18:24-30; 20:22,23; Deuteronomy 12:31; 18:9,14; 2 Kings 17:11,15; 21:2,9; Ezra 9:14; Psalms 106:35-40; Ezekiel 11:12
For he built again the high places which Hezekiah his father had broken down, and he reared up altars for Baalim, and made groves, and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served them.
- he built again
- Heb. he returned and built.
- Ecclesiastes 2:19; 9:18
- which Hezekiah
- 30:14; 31:1; 32:12; 2 Kings 18:4; 21:3
- he reared
- 28:2-4; Judges 2:11-13
- made groves
- Deuteronomy 16:21; 1 Kings 14:23; Jeremiah 17:2
- the host
- Deuteronomy 4:19; 17:3; 2 Kings 23:5,6,11; Jeremiah 8:2; 19:13; Zephaniah 1:5; Acts 7:42
Also he built altars in the house of the LORD, whereof the LORD had said, In Jerusalem shall my name be for ever.
- he built
- 15; 34:3,4; 2 Kings 21:4,5; Jeremiah 7:30
- In Jerusalem
- 6:6; 7:16; 32:19; Deuteronomy 12:11; 1 Kings 8:29; 9:3
And he built altars for all the host of heaven in the two courts of the house of the LORD.
- in the two
- 4:9; Jeremiah 32:34,35; Ezekiel 8:7-18
And he caused his children to pass through the fire in the valley of the son of Hinnom: also he observed times, and used enchantments, and used witchcraft, and dealt with a familiar spirit, and with wizards: he wrought much evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger.
- 28:3; Leviticus 18:21; 20:2; Deuteronomy 12:31; 18:10; 2 Kings 21:6; 23:10; Jeremiah 7:31,32; Ezekiel 23:37,39
- he observed
- Leviticus 19:26; 20:6; Deuteronomy 18:10-14; 1 Samuel 15:23; 2 Kings 17:17; Isaiah 47:9-12; Galatians 5:20
- 2 Kings 21:6; 23:24; 1 Chronicles 10:13; Isaiah 8:19; 19:3
And he set a carved image, the idol which he had made, in the house of God, of which God had said to David and to Solomon his son, In this house, and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen before all the tribes of Israel, will I put my name for ever:
- he set a carved image
- The Targumist says, "He set up an image, the likeness of himself, in the house of the sanctuary." In the parallel passage it is, "a graven image of the grove," or rather, Asherah or Astarte. Manasseh, as Bp. Patrick observes, seems to have studied to find out what God had forbidden in his law, that he might practice it: a most prodigious change from the height of piety in his father's time, into the sink of impiety in this!
- in the house
- 2 Kings 21:7,8; 23:6
- God had said
- 4; 1 Kings 8:29; Psalms 132:13,14
- which I have
- 6:6; 1 Kings 8:44,48; 11:13,32; Psalms 78:68
Neither will I any more remove the foot of Israel from out of the land which I have appointed for your fathers; so that they will take heed to do all that I have commanded them, according to the whole law and the statutes and the ordinances by the hand of Moses.
- will I
- 2 Samuel 7:10; 1 Chronicles 17:9
- so that they
- 7:17-22; Deuteronomy 28:1-14; 30:15-20; Isaiah 1:19,20; Ezekiel 33:25,26
- to do all
- Deuteronomy 4:40; 5:1,31-33; 6:1; 8:1; 27:26; Luke 1:6; Galatians 3:10-13
- by the hand
- Leviticus 8:36; 10:11
So Manasseh made Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem to err, and to do worse than the heathen, whom the LORD had destroyed before the children of Israel.
- made Judah
- 1 Kings 14:16; 15:26; 2 Kings 21:16; 23:26; 24:3,4; Proverbs 29:12; Micah 6:16
- to do worse
- 2; 2 Kings 21:9-11; Ezekiel 16:45-47
- the heathen
- Leviticus 18:24; Deuteronomy 2:21; Joshua 24:8; 2 Kings 17:8-11
And the LORD spake to Manasseh, and to his people: but they would not hearken.
- 36:15,16; Nehemiah 9:29,30; Jeremiah 25:4-7; 44:4,5; Zechariah 1:4; Acts 7:51,52
Wherefore the LORD brought upon them the captains of the host of the king of Assyria, which took Manasseh among the thorns, and bound him with fetters, and carried him to Babylon.
- A. M. 3327. B.C. 677. the Lord
- Deuteronomy 28:36; Job 36:8
- the captains
- Isaiah 10:8; 36:9
- of the king
- Heb. which were the king's.
- Nehemiah 9:32,37; Isaiah 5:26-30; 7:18-20
- among the thorns
- The word bachochim may possibly her signify with fetters or chains, as the kindred word chachim denotes, Eze 19:4, 9. The Syriac and Arabic have alive, probably reading bechayim.
- 1 Samuel 13:6; Lamentations 3:7
- bound him
- 2 Kings 23:33; 25:6; Job 36:8-11; Psalms 107:10-14
- or, chains.
And when he was in affliction, he besought the LORD his God, and humbled himself greatly before the God of his fathers,
- And when
- 28:22; Leviticus 26:39-42; Deuteronomy 4:30,31; Jeremiah 31:18-20; Hosea 5:15; Micah 6:9; Luke 15:16-18
- he besought
- 18,19; Psalms 50:15; Acts 9:11
- the Lord
- 19,23; 32:26; Exodus 10:3; Luke 18:14,15; James 4:10; 1 Peter 5:5,6
And prayed unto him: and he was intreated of him, and heard his supplication, and brought him again to Jerusalem into his kingdom. Then Manasseh knew that the LORD he was God.
- he was intreated
- 1 Chronicles 5:20; Ezra 8:23; Job 22:23,27; 33:16-30; Psalms 32:3-5; 86:5; Isaiah 55:6-9; Jeremiah 29:12,13; Matthew 7:7,8; Luke 23:42,43; John 4:10
- brought him
- Ezra 7:27; Proverbs 16:7; 21:1; Matthew 6:33
- Deuteronomy 29:6; Psalms 9:16; 46:10; Jeremiah 24:7; Daniel 4:25,34,35; John 17:3; Hebrews 8:11
Now after this he built a wall without the city of David, on the west side of Gihon, in the valley, even to the entering in at the fish gate, and compassed about Ophel, and raised it up a very great height, and put captains of war in all the fenced cities of Judah.
- A. M. 3327-3361. B.C. 677-643. he built
- 32:30; 1 Kings 1:33,45
- fish gate
- Nehemiah 3:3; 12:39; Zephaniah 1:10
- or, the tower.
- 27:3; Nehemiah 3:26,27
- 11:11,12; 17:19
And he took away the strange gods, and the idol out of the house of the LORD, and all the altars that he had built in the mount of the house of the LORD, and in Jerusalem, and cast them out of the city.
- he took
- 3-7; 2 Kings 21:7; Isaiah 2:17-21; Ezekiel 18:20-22; Hosea 14:1-3; Matthew 3:8
And he repaired the altar of the LORD, and sacrificed thereon peace offerings and thank offerings, and commanded Judah to serve the LORD God of Israel.
- 29:18; 1 Kings 18:30
- Leviticus 3:1-17
- Leviticus 7:12-18
- 9; 14:4
- See on ch
- 30:12; Genesis 18:19; Luke 22:32
Nevertheless the people did sacrifice still in the high places, yet unto the LORD their God only.
- 15:17; 32:12; 1 Kings 22:43; 2 Kings 15:4
Now the rest of the acts of Manasseh, and his prayer unto his God, and the words of the seers that spake to him in the name of the LORD God of Israel, behold, they are written in the book of the kings of Israel.
- A. M. 3306-3361. B.C. 698-643. the rest
- 20:34; 32:32; 1 Kings 11:41
- his prayer
- the seers
- 10; 1 Samuel 9:9; 2 Kings 17:13; Isaiah 29:10; 30:10; Amos 7:12; Micah 3:7
- in the book
- 1 Kings 14:19; 15:31
His prayer also, and how God was intreated of him, and all his sin, and his trespass, and the places wherein he built high places, and set up groves and graven images, before he was humbled: behold, they are written among the sayings of the seers.
- his prayer also
- 11,12,19; Proverbs 15:8; Acts 9:11; 1 John 1:9
- all his sins
- 1-10; Romans 5:16
- before he
- 12; 30:11; 36:12; Psalms 119:67,71,75; Jeremiah 44:10; Daniel 5:22
- the seers
- or, Hosai. So the Targum and Vulgate: the Syraic has Hanun the prophet; and the Arabic, Saphan the prophet. This record is totally lost; for the captivity and repentance of Manasseh are related no where else; and the prayer of Manasseh in the Apocrypha was probably composed long afterwards: it is not acknowledged as canonical even by the Romish church, though it was anciently used as a form of confession, and as such still received by the Greek church.
So Manasseh slept with his fathers, and they buried him in his own house: and Amon his son reigned in his stead.
- 32:33; 2 Kings 21:18
- 2 Kings 21:19-25; 1 Chronicles 3:14; Matthew 1:10
Amon was two and twenty years old when he began to reign, and reigned two years in Jerusalem.
- A. M. 3361-3363. B.C. 643-641. two years
- 1; Luke 12:19,20; James 4:13-15
But he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, as did Manasseh his father: for Amon sacrificed unto all the carved images which Manasseh his father had made, and served them;
- as did Manasseh
- 1-10; 2 Kings 21:1-11,20; Ezekiel 20:18
- for Amon sacrificed
- Amon's conduct is recorded as like his father Manasseh, in sacrificing to graven images; by which some think it is an evidence that Manasseh did not truly repent, but they forget how many good kings had wicked sons. In one point of view Manasseh was defective, although it cannot be supposed that it affected his eternal state; for when he cast out the images, he did not utterly deface and destroy them, according to the law in De 7:5, which required, moreover, that the graven images should be burnt with fire. How necessary that law was, this instance shows; for the carved images being only thrown aside, and not burnt, Amon knew where to find them, soon set them up, and sacrificed to them.
- Isaiah 44:13-20
And humbled not himself before the LORD, as Manasseh his father had humbled himself; but Amon trespassed more and more.
- 1,12,19; Jeremiah 8:12
- trespassed more and more
- Heb. multiplied trespass.
- 28:22; Jeremiah 7:26; 2 Timothy 3:13
And his servants conspired against him, and slew him in his own house.
- A. M. 3363. B.C. 641
- 24:25,26; 25:27,28; 2 Samuel 4:5-12; 2 Kings 21:23-26; Psalms 55:23; Romans 11:22
But the people of the land slew all them that had conspired against king Amon; and the people of the land made Josiah his son king in his stead.
- Genesis 9:5,6; Numbers 35:31,33
- the people
- 26:1; 36:1