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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1According to the duty of a watchman in warning the people,
7Ezekiel is admonished of his duty.
10God shews the justice of his ways towards the penitent and towards revolters.
17He maintains his justice.
21Upon the news of the taking of Jerusalem he prophecies the desolation of the land.
30God's judgment upon the mockers of the prophets.
 
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Chapter 33

Verse 2
Son of man, speak to the children of thy people, and say unto them, When I bring the sword upon a land, if the people of the land take a man of their coasts, and set him for their watchman:


speak
17,30; 3:11,27
When I bring the sword upon a land
Heb. A land when I bring a sword upon her.
6:3; 11:8; 14:17,21; 21:9-16; Leviticus 26:25; Jeremiah 12:12; 15:2,3; 25:31; Jeremiah 47:6,7; Zechariah 13:7
set
7; 2 Samuel 18:24-27; 2 Kings 9:17-20; Isaiah 21:6-9; 56:9,10; 62:6; Jeremiah 51:12; Hosea 9:8

Verse 3
If when he seeth the sword come upon the land, he blow the trumpet, and warn the people;
he blow
8,9; Nehemiah 4:18,20; Isaiah 58:1; Jeremiah 4:5; 6:1; 51:27; Hosea 8:1; Joel 2:1
Am 3
&6 1Co 14.8

Verse 4
Then whosoever heareth the sound of the trumpet, and taketh not warning; if the sword come, and take him away, his blood shall be upon his own head.
whosoever heareth
Heb. he that hearing heareth.
2 Chronicles 25:16; Proverbs 29:1; Jeremiah 6:17; 42:20-22; Zechariah 1:2-4; James 1:22
his blood
5,9; 18:13; Leviticus 20:9,11-27; 2 Samuel 1:16; 1 Kings 2:37; Acts 18:6; 20:26

Verse 5
He heard the sound of the trumpet, and took not warning; his blood shall be upon him. But he that taketh warning shall deliver his soul.
heard
Psalms 95:7; Hebrews 2:1-3
his blood
Isaiah 51:2; John 8:39
But
Exodus 9:19-21; 2 Kings 6:10; Acts 2:37-41; Hebrews 11:7

Verse 6
But if the watchman see the sword come, and blow not the trumpet, and the people be not warned; if the sword come, and take any person from among them, he is taken away in his iniquity; but his blood will I require at the watchman's hand.
and blow
Isaiah 56:10,11
he is
8,9; 18:20,24; Proverbs 14:32; John 8:21-24
his blood
3:18-20; 34:10; Genesis 9:5; 42:22; 2 Samuel 4:11

Verse 7
So thou, O son of man, I have set thee a watchman unto the house of Israel; therefore thou shalt hear the word at my mouth, and warn them from me.
I have
3:17-21; Song of Solomon 3:3; 5:7; Isaiah 62:6; Jeremiah 6:27; 31:6; Micah 7:4; Ephesians 4:11; Hebrews 13:17
thou shalt
2:7,8; 1 Kings 22:14,16-28; 2 Chronicles 19:10; Jeremiah 1:17; 23:28; 26:2; Acts 5:20; Acts 20:20,26,27; 1 Corinthians 11:23; 15:3; Colossians 1:28,29; 1 Thessalonians 4:1,2

Verse 8
When I say unto the wicked, O wicked man, thou shalt surely die; if thou dost not speak to warn the wicked from his way, that wicked man shall die in his iniquity; but his blood will I require at thine hand.
O wicked
14; 18:4,10-13,18,20; Genesis 2:17; 3:4; Proverbs 11:21; Ecclesiastes 8:13; Isaiah 3:11; Jeremiah 8:13
if thou
13:9,10; Jeremiah 8:11,12; 14:13-16
that wicked
6; Numbers 27:3; Acts 20:26,27

Verse 9
Nevertheless, if thou warn the wicked of his way to turn from it; if he do not turn from his way, he shall die in his iniquity; but thou hast delivered thy soul.
if thou
3:19,21; Acts 13:40; 18:5,6; 28:23-28; Galatians 5:19-21; 6:7,8; Ephesians 5:3-6; Philippians 3:18,19; 1 Thessalonians 4:3-8; 5:14
if he
Proverbs 15:10; 29:1; Luke 12:47; John 8:24; Acts 13:46; Hebrews 2:3; 12:25
thou hast
Acts 20:26; 2 Corinthians 2:15-17

Verse 10
Therefore, O thou son of man, speak unto the house of Israel; Thus ye speak, saying, If our transgressions and our sins be upon us, and we pine away in them, how should we then live?
If our
The impenitent Jews seem to have charged the prophet's messages with inconsistency: for whilst he warned them to repent, and assured the penitent of forgiveness, he also predicted that the people "would pine away in their transgressions." The prediction, however, merely implied that God foresaw that the people in general would be impenitent, though some individuals would repent and be pardoned.
24:23; Leviticus 26:39
how
37:11; Psalms 130:7; Isaiah 49:14; 51:20; Jeremiah 2:25

Verse 11
Say unto them, As I live, saith the Lord GOD, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked; but that the wicked turn from his way and live: turn ye, turn ye from your evil ways; for why will ye die, O house of Israel?
As I live
5:11; 14:16-18; 16:48; Numbers 14:21,28; Isaiah 49:18; Jeremiah 22:24; 46:18; Zephaniah 2:9; Romans 14:11
I have
18:23,32; 2 Samuel 14:14; Lamentations 3:33; Hosea 11:8; Luke 15:20-32; 1 Timothy 2:4; 2 Peter 3:9
turn ye
14:6; 18:30,31; Proverbs 1:23; 8:36; Isaiah 55:6,7; Jeremiah 3:22; 31:18-20; Daniel 9:13; Hosea 14:1; Acts 3:19; 26:20

Verse 12
Therefore, thou son of man, say unto the children of thy people, The righteousness of the righteous shall not deliver him in the day of his transgression: as for the wickedness of the wicked, he shall not fall thereby in the day that he turneth from his wickedness; neither shall the righteous be able to live for his righteousness in the day that he sinneth.
say
The righteousness
18; 3:20,21; 18:24-26
as for
19; 18:21,27-32; 1 Kings 8:48-50; 2 Chronicles 7:14; Matthew 21:28-31; Romans 3:25
neither
1 John 2:1

Verse 13
When I shall say to the righteous, that he shall surely live; if he trust to his own righteousness, and commit iniquity, all his righteousnesses shall not be remembered; but for his iniquity that he hath committed, he shall die for it.
if he
3:20; 18:24; Luke 18:9-14; Romans 10:3; Philippians 3:9; Hebrews 10:38; 2 Peter 2:20-22; 1 John 2:19
he shall die
18:4,24

Verse 14
Again, when I say unto the wicked, Thou shalt surely die; if he turn from his sin, and do that which is lawful and right;
Thou shalt
8; 3:18,19; 18:27; Isaiah 3:11; Jeremiah 18:7,8; Luke 13:3-5
if he
Proverbs 28:13; Isaiah 55:7; Jeremiah 4:1; Hosea 14:1; Acts 3:19
that which is lawful and right
Heb. judgment and justice.
18:21,27; Micah 6:8; Matthew 9:13

Verse 15
If the wicked restore the pledge, give again that he had robbed, walk in the statutes of life, without committing iniquity; he shall surely live, he shall not die.
restore
"The sin is not forgiven, unless that which is taken away be restored," says Augustine.
18:7,12,16; Exodus 22:26,27; Deuteronomy 24:6,10-13,17; Job 22:6; 24:3,9; Amos 2:8
give
Exodus 22:1-4; Leviticus 6:2-5; Numbers 5:6-8; Luke 19:8
walk
20:11,13,21; Leviticus 18:5; Psalms 119:93; Luke 1:6
he shall
18:27,28; Revelation 22:12-14

Verse 16
None of his sins that he hath committed shall be mentioned unto him: he hath done that which is lawful and right; he shall surely live.
18:22; Isaiah 1:18; 43:25; 44:22; Micah 7:18,19; Romans 5:16,21; 1 John 2:1-3

Verse 17
Yet the children of thy people say, The way of the Lord is not equal: but as for them, their way is not equal.
20; 18:25,29; Job 35:2; 40:8; Matthew 25:24-26; Luke 19:21,22

Verse 18
When the righteous turneth from his righteousness, and committeth iniquity, he shall even die thereby.
12,13; 18:26,27; 2 Peter 2:20-22; Hebrews 10:38

Verse 19
But if the wicked turn from his wickedness, and do that which is lawful and right, he shall live thereby.
14; 18:27,28

Verse 20
Yet ye say, The way of the Lord is not equal. O ye house of Israel, I will judge you every one after his ways.
Yet
17; 18:25,29; Proverbs 19:3
I will
18:30; Psalms 62:12; Ecclesiastes 12:14; Matthew 16:27; John 5:29; 2 Corinthians 5:10; Revelation 20:12-15; 22:12

Verse 21
And it came to pass in the twelfth year of our captivity, in the tenth month, in the fifth day of the month, that one that had escaped out of Jerusalem came unto me, saying, The city is smitten.
in the twelfth
This was on Wednesday, January 25, A.M. 3416 or 3417. According to the date here given, this escaped Jew did not come to the prophet, with intelligence of Jerusalem being smitten, till about eighteen months after the event; but instead of the "twelfth year," eight MSS. and the Syriac read the eleventh.
1:2
one
24:26,27
The city
This was the very message which God had promised to the prophet.
24:26; 2 Kings 24:4-7; 2 Chronicles 36:17-21; Jeremiah 39:2-8; 52:4-14

Verse 22
Now the hand of the LORD was upon me in the evening, afore he that was escaped came; and had opened my mouth, until he came to me in the morning; and my mouth was opened, and I was no more dumb.
the hand
1:3; 3:22; 37:1; 40:1
and my
3:26,27; 24:26,27

Verse 24
Son of man, they that inhabit those wastes of the land of Israel speak, saying, Abraham was one, and he inherited the land: but we are many; the land is given us for inheritance.
they that
The small remnant which continued in the land under Gedaliah, after the desolation of Jerusalem, flattered themselves, notwithstanding all their crimes, that they should inherit the whole land.
27; 5:3,4; 34:2; Jeremiah 39:10; 40:7
wastes
27; 36:4
Abraham
Isaiah 51:2; Acts 7:5
but we
Micah 3:11; Matthew 3:9; Luke 3:8; John 8:33,39; Romans 4:12; 9:7; 1 Thessalonians 5:3

Verse 25
Wherefore say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Ye eat with the blood, and lift up your eyes toward your idols, and shed blood: and shall ye possess the land?
Ye eat
Genesis 9:4; Leviticus 3:17; 7:26,27; 17:10-14; 19:26; Deuteronomy 12:16; 1 Samuel 14:32-34; Acts 15:20,21,29; 21:25
lift up
18:6,12,15; Deuteronomy 4:19; Psalms 24:4; Jeremiah 44:15-19
and shed
9:9; 22:6,9,27
shall ye
Jeremiah 7:9,10

Verse 26
Ye stand upon your sword, ye work abomination, and ye defile every one his neighbour's wife: and shall ye possess the land?
stand
Genesis 27:40; Micah 2:1,2; Zephaniah 3:3
work
18:12; Leviticus 18:26-30; 20:13; 1 Kings 11:5-7; 1 Peter 4:3; Revelation 21:8,27
and ye
18:6,11,15; 22:9-11; Jeremiah 5:8,9
and shall
Leviticus 18:25,28; 20:22; Deuteronomy 4:25,26; 29:18-23; Joshua 23:15,16; 1 Samuel 2:30; Psalms 50:16-20; 94:20,21

Verse 27
Say thou thus unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; As I live, surely they that are in the wastes shall fall by the sword, and him that is in the open field will I give to the beasts to be devoured, and they that be in the forts and in the caves shall die of the pestilence.
surely
24; 5:12-17; 6:11-14; Jeremiah 15:2-4; 42:22; 44:12
will I
39:4
to be devoured
Heb. to devour him. in the caves.
Judges 6:2; 1 Samuel 13:6; 22:1; 23:14; 24:3; Jeremiah 41:9

Verse 28
For I will lay the land most desolate, and the pomp of her strength shall cease; and the mountains of Israel shall be desolate, that none shall pass through.
I will lay
6:14; 12:20; 15:8; 36:34,35; 2 Chronicles 36:21; Isaiah 6:11; Jeremiah 9:11; 16:16; Jeremiah 25:11; 44:2,6,22; Micah 7:13; Zechariah 7:13,14
most desolate
Heb. desolation and desolation. and the pomp.
7:24; 24:21; 30:6,7
and the mountains
6:2-6; 36:4

Verse 29
Then shall they know that I am the LORD, when I have laid the land most desolate because of all their abominations which they have committed.
shall
6:7; 7:27; 23:49; 25:11; Exodus 14:18; Psalms 9:16; 83:17,18
because
6:11; 8:6-15; 22:2-15,25-31; 36:17,18; 2 Kings 17:9-18; 2 Chronicles 36:14-17; Jeremiah 5:1-9,25-31; Micah 6:9-12; Zephaniah 3:1-4

Verse 30
Also, thou son of man, the children of thy people still are talking against thee by the walls and in the doors of the houses, and speak one to another, every one to his brother, saying, Come, I pray you, and hear what is the word that cometh forth from the LORD.
the children
Jeremiah 11:18,19; 18:18
against thee
or, of thee. Come.
Isaiah 29:13; 58:2; Jeremiah 23:35; 42:1-6,20; Matthew 15:8; 22:16,17

Verse 31
And they come unto thee as the people cometh, and they sit before thee as my people, and they hear thy words, but they will not do them: for with their mouth they shew much love, but their heart goeth after their covetousness.
as the people cometh
Heb. according to the coming of the people.
8:1; 14:1; 20:1-32; Luke 10:39; Acts 10:33
they sit before thee as my people
or, my people sit before thee. and they.
Jeremiah 6:16,17; 43:1-7; 44:16; Matthew 7:24-27; Luke 6:48,49; 8:21; 11:28; James 1:22-24
for with
Deuteronomy 5:28,29; Psalms 78:36,37; Isaiah 29:13; James 2:14-16; 1 John 3:17,18
shew much love
Heb. make loves, or jests.
Isaiah 28:13; Jeremiah 23:33-38; Luke 16:14
but their
Matthew 6:24; 13:22; 19:22; Luke 12:15-21; Ephesians 5:5; 1 Timothy 6:9,10

Verse 32
And, lo, thou art unto them as a very lovely song of one that hath a pleasant voice, and can play well on an instrument: for they hear thy words, but they do them not.
of one
Mark 4:16,17; 6:20; John 5:35
a pleasant voice
Heb. a song of loves.

Verse 33
And when this cometh to pass, (lo, it will come,) then shall they know that a prophet hath been among them.
when
1 Samuel 3:19,20; Jeremiah 28:9
shall
2:5; 2 Kings 5:8; Luke 10:11


Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ezekiel 33". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=eze&chapter=033>.  

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