Statement of Faith | Tell a Friend about Us | Color Scheme:    
Saturday, June 6, 2020
 

  Study Resources

• What's New!!!

• Interlinear Bible

• Parallel Bible

• Daily Reading Plan

• Devotionals

• Commentaries

• Concordances

• Dictionaries

• Encyclopedias

• Lexicons

• History

• Sermon Essentials

• Audio Resources

• Religious Artwork

 
  Other Resources

• Advertise with SL

• FREE Resources

• Information

• Set Preferences

• Font Resources

• Contacting SL

 

The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1The age and death of Sarah.
3The purchase of the field and cave of Machpelah;
19where Sarah is buried.
 
Navigator
PreviousNext
 Chapter 22
Chapter 24
 
 
 
  Printer friendly version
 
Additional Resources
 
 • Adam Clark Commentary
 • Burton Coffman
 • Gill's Exposition
 • Geneva Study Bible
 • David Guzik's Commentaries
 • Jamieson, Fausset, Brown
 • Matthew Henry Complete
 • Matthew Henry Concise
 • Wesley's Explanatory Notes
Buy This Resource
 
Hardcover$20.98
 Show me more …
Chapter 23

Verse 1
And Sarah was an hundred and seven and twenty years old: these were the years of the life of Sarah.


A. M. 2144. B.C. 1860. Sarah. It is worthy of remark, that Sarah is the only woman whose age, death, and burial are distinctly noted in the Sacred writings
an
17:17

Verse 2
And Sarah died in Kirjatharba; the same is Hebron in the land of Canaan: and Abraham came to mourn for Sarah, and to weep for her.
Kirjath-arba
19; 13:18; Numbers 13:22; Joshua 10:39; 14:14,15; 20:7; Judges 1:10; 1 Samuel 20:31; 2 Samuel 2:11; 5:3,5; 1 Chronicles 6:57
came
For the convenience of feeding his numerous flocks, Abraham had several places of temporary residence; and it is likely, that while he sojourned at Beer-sheba, as we find he did from ver. 19 of the preceding chapter, Sarah died at Hebron, which was 24 miles distant.
mourn
27:41; 50:10; Numbers 20:29; Deuteronomy 34:8; 1 Samuel 28:3; 2 Samuel 1:12,17; 2 Chronicles 35:25; Jeremiah 22:10,18; Ezekiel 24:16-18; John 11:31,35; Acts 8:2

Verse 3
And Abraham stood up from before his dead, and spake unto the sons of Heth, saying,
Heth
5,7; 10:15; 25:10; 27:46; 49:30; 1 Samuel 26:6; 2 Samuel 23:39

Verse 4
I am a stranger and a sojourner with you: give me a possession of a buryingplace with you, that I may bury my dead out of my sight.
stranger
17:8; 47:9; Leviticus 25:23; 1 Chronicles 29:15; Psalms 39:12; 105:12,13; 119:19; Hebrews 11:9,13-16; 1 Peter 2:11
buryingplace
3:19; 49:30; 50:13; Job 30:23; Ecclesiastes 6:3; 12:5,7; Acts 7:5
bury

Verse 6
Hear us, my lord: thou art a mighty prince among us: in the choice of our sepulchres bury thy dead; none of us shall withhold from thee his sepulchre, but that thou mayest bury thy dead.
my lord
18:12; 24:18,35; 31:35; 32:4,5,18; 42:10; 44:5,8; Exodus 32:22; Ruth 2:13
a mighty prince
Heb. a prince of God.
21:22; Isaiah 45:14; 1 John 3:1,2
prince
13:2; 14:14; 24:35

Verse 7
And Abraham stood up, and bowed himself to the people of the land, even to the children of Heth.
18:2; 19:1; Proverbs 18:24; Romans 12:17,18; Hebrews 12:14; 1 Peter 3:8

Verse 8
And he communed with them, saying, If it be your mind that I should bury my dead out of my sight; hear me, and intreat for me to Ephron the son of Zohar,
intreat
1 Kings 2:17; Luke 7:3,4; Hebrews 7:26; 1 John 2:1,2

Verse 9
That he may give me the cave of Machpelah, which he hath, which is in the end of his field; for as much money as it is worth he shall give it me for a possession of a buryingplace amongst you.
much money
Heb. full money.
Romans 12:17; 13:8

Verse 10
And Ephron dwelt among the children of Heth: and Ephron the Hittite answered Abraham in the audience of the children of Heth, even of all that went in at the gate of his city, saying,
dwelt
Or, sitting (as the word frequently denotes) among the children of Heth, at the gate of the city, where all public business was transacted. Ephron, though a chief man, might have been personally unknown to Abraham; but now he answers for himself, making a free tender of the field and cave to Abraham, in the presence of all the people, which amounted to a legal conveyance to the Patriarch.
audience
Heb. ears. all that.
18; 34:20,24; Ruth 4:1-4; Job 29:7; Isaiah 28:6
his
24:10; Matthew 9:1; Luke 2:3,4

Verse 11
Nay, my lord, hear me: the field give I thee, and the cave that is therein, I give it thee; in the presence of the sons of my people give I it thee: bury thy dead.
my lord
6; 2 Samuel 24:20-24; 1 Chronicles 21:22-24; Isaiah 32:8
in the
18; Numbers 35:30; Deuteronomy 17:6; 19:15; Ruth 4:1,4,9,11; Jeremiah 32:7-12; Luke 19:24

Verse 12
And Abraham bowed down himself before the people of the land.
7; 18:2; 19:1

Verse 13
And he spake unto Ephron in the audience of the people of the land, saying, But if thou wilt give it, I pray thee, hear me: I will give thee money for the field; take it of me, and I will bury my dead there.
I will
14:22,23; 2 Samuel 24:24; Acts 20:35; Romans 13:8; Philippians 4:5-8; Colossians 4:5; Hebrews 13:5

Verse 15
My lord, hearken unto me: the land is worth four hundred shekels of silver; what is that betwixt me and thee? bury therefore thy dead.
is worth
Though the words "is worth" are not in the Text, yet they are clearly implied, to adapt the Hebrew to the English idiom. A shekel, according to the general opinion, was equal in value to about 2s. 6d. of our money, but according to Dr. Prideaux, 3s. English. In those early times, money was given in weight; for it is said (ver. 16.) that "Abraham weighed," wayishkal, the silver; and hence, we find that it was a certain weight which afterwards passed as a current coin; for the word shekel is not only used to denote a piece of sliver, but also to weigh.
shekels
Exodus 30:15; Ezekiel 45:12

Verse 16
And Abraham hearkened unto Ephron; and Abraham weighed to Ephron the silver, which he had named in the audience of the sons of Heth, four hundred shekels of silver, current money with the merchant.
weighed
43:21; Ezra 8:25-30; Job 28:15; Jeremiah 32:9; Zechariah 11:12; Matthew 7:12; Romans 13:8; Philippians 4:8; 1 Thessalonians 4:6
four
15; Exodus 30:13; Ezekiel 45:12

Verse 17
And the field of Ephron, which was in Machpelah, which was before Mamre, the field, and the cave which was therein, and all the trees that were in the field, that were in all the borders round about, were made sure
the field
20; 25:9; 49:30-32; 50:13; Acts 7:16
made sure
20; Ruth 4:7-10; Psalms 112:5; Jeremiah 32:7-14; Matthew 10:16; Ephesians 5:15; Colossians 4:5

Verse 18
Unto Abraham for a possession in the presence of the children of Heth, before all that went in at the gate of his city.
all
34:20; Ruth 4:1; Jeremiah 32:12

Verse 19
And after this, Abraham buried Sarah his wife in the cave of the field of Machpelah before Mamre: the same is Hebron in the land of Canaan.
3:19; 25:9,10; 35:27-29; 47:30; 49:29-32; 50:13,25; Job 30:23; Ecclesiastes 6:3; Ecclesiastes 12:5,7

Verse 20
And the field, and the cave that is therein, were made sure unto Abraham for a possession of a buryingplace by the sons of Heth.
were
Ruth 4:7-10; 2 Samuel 24:24; Jeremiah 32:10,11
for a
25:9; 49:31,32; 50:5,13,24,25; 2 Kings 21:18


Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Genesis 23". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=ge&chapter=023>.  

  HOME    TOP

Dead links, typos, or HTML errors should be sent tocorr@studylight.org
Suggestions about making this resource more useful should be sent tosugg@studylight.org
 

   Powered by LightSpeed Technology

Copyright © 2001-2020, StudyLight.org