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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1God denounces judgments on Israel, for their aggravated impieties and iniquities.
12He exposes the ignorance and wickedness of the priests, and profligacy of the people, he will leave their wives and daughters to commit lewdness, without present punishment.
15He warns Judah, not to imitate Israel's crimes, which are still further reproved.
 
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Chapter 4

Verse 1
Hear the word of the LORD, ye children of Israel: for the LORD hath a controversy with the inhabitants of the land, because there is no truth, nor mercy, nor knowledge of God in the land.


Cir
A.M.3224. B.C. 780. Hear.
1 Kings 22:19; Isaiah 1:10; 28:14; 34:1; 66:5; Jeremiah 2:4; 7:2; 9:20; 19:3; 34:4; Amos 7:16; Revelation 2:11,29
for
12:2; Isaiah 1:18; 3:13,14; 5:3; 34:8; Jeremiah 25:31; Micah 6:2
no truth
Isaiah 59:13-15; Jeremiah 6:13; 7:3-6; Micah 7:2-5
nor knowledge
Jeremiah 4:22,28; 5:4; John 8:55; Romans 1:28; 1 Corinthians 15:34

Verse 2
By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and blood toucheth blood.
swearing
Isaiah 24:5; 48:1; 59:2-8,12-15; Jeremiah 5:1,2,7-9,26,27; 6:7; 7:6-10; Jeremiah 9:2-8; 23:10-14; Ezekiel 22:2-13,25-30; Micah 2:1-3; 3:2,9; 6:10; 7:2; Zephaniah 3:1; Zechariah 5:3; 7:9
blood
Heb. bloods. toucheth.
5:2; 6:9; Lamentations 4:13; Matthew 23:35; Acts 7:52; 1 Thessalonians 2:15; Revelation 17:6

Verse 3
Therefore shall the land mourn, and every one that dwelleth therein shall languish, with the beasts of the field, and with the fowls of heaven; yea, the fishes of the sea also shall be taken away.
the land
Isaiah 24:4-12; Jeremiah 4:27; Joel 1:10-13; Amos 1:2; 5:16; 8:8; Nahum 1:4
with the beasts
Jeremiah 4:25; 12:4; Ezekiel 38:20; Zephaniah 1:3

Verse 4
Yet let no man strive, nor reprove another: for thy people are as they that strive with the priest.
let
17; Amos 5:13; 6:10; Matthew 7:3-6
as
Deuteronomy 17:12; Jeremiah 18:18

Verse 5
Therefore shalt thou fall in the day, and the prophet also shall fall with thee in the night, and I will destroy thy mother.
and the prophet
9:7,8; Isaiah 9:13-17; Jeremiah 6:4,5,12-15; 8:10-12; 14:15,16; Jeremiah 15:8; 23:9; Ezekiel 13:9-16; 14:8-10; Micah 3:5-7; Zechariah 11:8; 13:2
destroy
Heb. cut off. thy.
2:2; Isaiah 50:1; Jeremiah 15:8; 50:12; Ezekiel 16:44,45; Galatians 4:26

Verse 6
My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because thou hast rejected knowledge, I will also reject thee, that thou shalt be no priest to me: seeing thou hast forgotten the law of thy God, I will also forget thy children.
My people
12; Isaiah 1:3; 3:12; 5:13; Jeremiah 4:22; 8:7
destroyed
Heb. cut off. for.
1; 6:6; 2 Chronicles 15:3; Job 36:12; Proverbs 19:2; Isaiah 27:11; 45:20; Jeremiah 5:3,4,21; Matthew 15:14; 2 Corinthians 4:3-6
because
1 Samuel 2:12; Proverbs 1:30-32; Isaiah 28:7; 56:10-12; Jeremiah 2:8; 8:8,9; Malachi 2:7,8; Matthew 23:16-26
I will also reject
Zechariah 11:8,9,15-17; Malachi 2:1-3,9; Matthew 21:41-45; Mark 12:8,9; Luke 20:16-18
seeing
8:14; 13:6; 2 Kings 17:16-20; Psalms 119:61,139; Isaiah 17:10; Matthew 15:3-6; 8; I will also.; 1:6; 1 Samuel 2:28-36; 3:12-15

Verse 7
As they were increased, so they sinned against me: therefore will I change their glory into shame.
they were
10; 5:1; 6:9; 13:6,14; Ezra 9:7
therefore
1 Samuel 2:30; Jeremiah 2:26,27; Malachi 2:9; Philippians 3:19

Verse 8
They eat up the sin of my people, and they set their heart on their iniquity.
eat
Leviticus 6:26; 7:6,7
set their heart on their iniquity
Heb. lift up their soul to their iniquity.
1 Samuel 2:29; Psalms 24:4; 25:1; Isaiah 56:11; Ezekiel 14:3,7; Micah 3:11; Malachi 1:10; Romans 16:18; Titus 1:11; 2 Peter 2:3

Verse 9
And there shall be, like people, like priest: and I will punish them for their ways, and reward them their doings.
like people
Isaiah 9:14-16; 24:2; Jeremiah 5:31; 8:10-12; 23:11,12; Ezekiel 22:26-31; Matthew 15:14
punish
Heb. visit upon.
1:4; *marg:
reward them
Heb. cause to return.
Psalms 109:17,18; Proverbs 5:22; Isaiah 3:10; Zechariah 1:6

Verse 10
For they shall eat, and not have enough: they shall commit whoredom, and shall not increase: because they have left off to take heed to the LORD.
they shall eat
Leviticus 26:26; Proverbs 13:25; Isaiah 65:13-16; Micah 6:14; Haggai 1:6; Malachi 2:1-3
they shall commit
14; 9:11-17
left
2 Chronicles 24:17; Psalms 36:3; 125:5; Jeremiah 34:15; Ezekiel 18:24; Zephaniah 1:6; 2 Peter 2:20-22

Verse 11
Whoredom and wine and new wine take away the heart.
take
12; Proverbs 6:32; 20:1; 23:27-35; Ecclesiastes 7:7; Isaiah 5:12; 28:7; Luke 21:34; Romans 13:11-14

Verse 12
My people ask counsel at their stocks, and their staff declareth unto them: for the spirit of whoredoms hath caused them to err, and they have gone a whoring from under their God.
ask
Jeremiah 2:27; 10:8; Ezekiel 21:21; Habakkuk 2:19
for
5:4; Isaiah 44:18-20; Micah 2:11; 2 Thessalonians 2:9-11
gone
9:1; Leviticus 17:7; 20:5; Numbers 15:39; Deuteronomy 31:16; 2 Chronicles 21:13; Psalms 73:27; Jeremiah 3:1-3; Ezekiel 16:1-63; 23:1-49

Verse 13
They sacrifice upon the tops of the mountains, and burn incense upon the hills, under oaks and poplars and elms, because the shadow thereof is good: therefore your daughters shall commit whoredom, and your spouses shall commit adultery.
sacrifice
Isaiah 1:29; 57:5,7; Jeremiah 3:6,13; Ezekiel 6:13; 16:16,25; 20:28,29
therefore
2 Samuel 12:10-12; Job 31:9,10; Amos 7:17; Romans 1:23-28

Verse 14
I will not punish your daughters when they commit whoredom, nor your spouses when they commit adultery: for themselves are separated with whores, and they sacrifice with harlots: therefore the people that doth not understand shall fall.
I will not
or, Shall I not, etc. punish.
17; Isaiah 1:5; Hebrews 12:8
for
1 Corinthians 6:16
and they
1 Kings 14:23,24; 15:12; 2 Kings 23:7
therefore
1,5,6; 14:9; Proverbs 28:5; Isaiah 44:18-20; 56:11; Daniel 12:10; John 8:43; Romans 3:11; Ephesians 4:18
fall
or, be punished.

Verse 15
Though thou, Israel, play the harlot, yet let not Judah offend; and come not ye unto Gilgal, neither go ye up to Bethaven, nor swear, The LORD liveth.
play
12; Jeremiah 3:6-10; Ezekiel 23:4-8
yet
11:12; 2 Kings 17:18,19; Jeremiah 3:10,11; Luke 12:47,48; Ephesians 5:11
Gilgal
9:15; 12:11; Amos 4:4; 5:5
Beth-aven
5:8; 10:5,8; 1 Kings 12:28,29
nor
Isaiah 48:1; Jeremiah 5:2; Ezekiel 20:39; Amos 6:10; 8:14; Zephaniah 1:5,6

Verse 16
For Israel slideth back as a backsliding heifer: now the LORD will feed them as a lamb in a large place.
slideth
11:7; 1 Samuel 15:11; Jeremiah 3:6,8,11; 5:6; 7:24; 8:5; 14:7; Zechariah 7:11; *marg:
as a lamb
Leviticus 26:33; Isaiah 7:21-25; 22:18

Verse 17
Ephraim is joined to idols: let him alone.
Ephraim
11:2; 12:1; 13:2
let
4; Psalms 81:12; Matthew 15:14; Revelation 22:11

Verse 18
Their drink is sour: they have committed whoredom continually: her rulers with shame do love, Give ye.
drink
Deuteronomy 32:32,33; Isaiah 1:21,22; Jeremiah 2:21
sour
Heb. gone. committed.
2,10; 2 Kings 17:7-17
her
Exodus 23:8; Deuteronomy 16:19; 1 Samuel 8:3; 12:3,4; Proverbs 30:15,16; Amos 5:12; Micah 3:11; Micah 7:3
rulers
Heb. shields.
Psalms 47:9

Verse 19
The wind hath bound her up in her wings, and they shall be ashamed because of their sacrifices.
wind
Jeremiah 4:11,12; 51:1; Zechariah 5:9-11
and
10:6; Isaiah 1:29; 42:17; Jeremiah 2:26,27,36,37; 3:24,25; 17:13


Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Hosea 4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=ho&chapter=004>.  

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