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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1The woe of tyrants.
5Assyria, the rod of hypocrites, for his pride shall be broken.
20A remnant of Israel shall be saved.
24Judah is comforted with promise of deliverance from Assyria.
 
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Chapter 10

Verse 1
Woe unto them that decree unrighteous decrees, and that write grievousness which they have prescribed;


A. M. 3291. B.C. 713. Woe
3:11; 5:8,11,18,20-22; Jeremiah 22:13; Habakkuk 2:6,9,12,15,19; Matthew 11:21; Matthew 23:13-16,23,27,29; 26:24; Luke 11:42-44,46,47,52; Jude 1:11
them
1 Kings 21:13; Esther 3:10-13; Psalms 58:2; 94:20,21; Daniel 6:8,9; Micah 3:1-4,9-11; Micah 6:16; John 9:22; 19:6
that write grievousness
or, to the writers that write grievousness.

Verse 2
To turn aside the needy from judgment, and to take away the right from the poor of my people, that widows may be their prey, and that they may rob the fatherless!
turn aside
29:21; Lamentations 3:35; Amos 2:7; 5:11,12; Malachi 3:5
that widows
1:23; 3:14; 5:7; Jeremiah 7:6; Ezekiel 22:7; Matthew 23:14

Verse 3
And what will ye do in the day of visitation, and in the desolation which shall come from far? to whom will ye flee for help? and where will ye leave your glory?
And what
20:6; 33:14; Job 31:14; Jeremiah 5:31; Ezekiel 24:13,14; Revelation 6:15,16
the day
26:21; Hosea 9:7; Luke 19:44; 1 Peter 2:12
in the desolation
5:26; 30:27,28; 39:3,6,7; Deuteronomy 28:49
to whom
30:1-3,16; 31:1-3; Hosea 5:13
where
2:20,21; 5:14; Genesis 31:1; 2 Kings 7:6-8,15; Psalms 49:16,17; Proverbs 11:4; Zephaniah 1:18

Verse 4
Without me they shall bow down under the prisoners, and they shall fall under the slain. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still.
Without me
Leviticus 26:17,36,37; Deuteronomy 31:15-18; 32:30; Jeremiah 37:10; Hosea 9:12
For all this
5:25; 9:12,17,21

Verse 5
O Assyrian, the rod of mine anger, and the staff in their hand is mine indignation.
O Assyrian
or, Woe to the Assyrian. Heb. O Asshur.
Genesis 10:11
the rod
15; 8:4; 14:5,6; Psalms 17:14; 125:3; Jeremiah 51:20-24
and
or, though.

Verse 6
I will send him against an hypocritical nation, and against the people of my wrath will I give him a charge, to take the spoil, and to take the prey, and to tread them down like the mire of the streets.
against
9:17; 19:17; 29:13; 30:9-11; 33:14; Jeremiah 3:10; 4:14; Matthew 15:7
will I give
13,14; 37:26,27; 41:25; 45:1-5; Jeremiah 25:9; 34:22; 47:6,7
tread them
Heb. lay them a treading.
22:5; 63:3,6; 2 Samuel 22:43; Micah 7:10; Zechariah 10:5

Verse 7
Howbeit he meaneth not so, neither doth his heart think so; but it is in his heart to destroy and cut off nations not a few.
he meaneth
Genesis 50:20; Micah 4:11,12; Acts 2:23; 13:27-30
in his heart
36:18-20; 37:11-13

Verse 8
For he saith, Are not my princes altogether kings?
36:8; 2 Kings 18:24; 19:10; Ezekiel 26:7; Daniel 2:37

Verse 9
Is not Calno as Carchemish? is not Hamath as Arpad? is not Samaria as Damascus?
Calno
Amos 6:1,2
Calneh
Carchemish
2 Chronicles 35:20; Jeremiah 46:2
Hamath
36:19; 37:13; 2 Samuel 8:9; 2 Kings 17:24; Jeremiah 49:23
Samaria
7:8; 17:3; 2 Kings 16:9; 17:5,6; 18:9,10

Verse 10
As my hand hath found the kingdoms of the idols, and whose graven images did excel them of Jerusalem and of Samaria;
the kingdoms
14; 2 Kings 18:33-35; 19:12,13,17-19; 2 Chronicles 32:12-16,19

Verse 11
Shall I not, as I have done unto Samaria and her idols, so do to Jerusalem and her idols?
as I have
36:19,20; 37:10-13

Verse 12
Wherefore it shall come to pass, that when the Lord hath performed his whole work upon mount Zion and on Jerusalem, I will punish the fruit of the stout heart of the king of Assyria, and the glory of his high looks.
when the Lord
5,6; 14:24-27; 27:9; 46:10,11; Psalms 76:10; 1 Peter 4:17
I will
16-19,25-34; 17:12-14; 29:7,8; 30:30-33; 31:5-9; 37:36-38; 50:11; Jeremiah 50:18
punish the fruit of the stout heart
Heb. visit upon the fruit of the greatness of the heart.
9:9; Job 40:11,12; Psalms 21:10; Matthew 12:33; 15:19
the glory
2:11; 5:15; Psalms 18:27; Proverbs 30:13; Ezekiel 31:10,14; Daniel 4:37

Verse 13
For he saith, By the strength of my hand I have done it, and by my wisdom; for I am prudent: and I have removed the bounds of the people, and have robbed their treasures, and I have put down the inhabitants like a valiant man:
For he saith
8; 37:23,24; Deuteronomy 8:17; Ezekiel 25:3; 26:2; 28:2-9; 29:3; Daniel 4:30; Amos 6:13; Habakkuk 1:16
I have removed
2 Kings 15:29; 17:6,24; 18:11,32; 1 Chronicles 5:26; Amos 5:27; 6:1,2
robbed
2 Kings 16:8; 18:15; Hosea 13:15,16
a valiant man
or, many people.

Verse 14
And my hand hath found as a nest the riches of the people: and as one gathereth eggs that are left, have I gathered all the earth; and there was none that moved the wing, or opened the mouth, or peeped.
And my
5:8; Job 31:25; Proverbs 18:12; 21:6,7; Hosea 12:7,8; Nahum 2:9-13; 3:1; Habakkuk 2:5-11
peeped
That is, chirped, from the Latin pipio. We still use the term pipe to express the note of the bullfinch.

Verse 15
Shall the axe boast itself against him that heweth therewith? or shall the saw magnify itself against him that shaketh it? as if the rod should shake itself against them that lift it up, or as if the staff should lift up itself, as if it were no wood.
the axe
5; Psalms 17:13,14; Jeremiah 51:20-23; Ezekiel 28:9; Romans 9:20,21
the rod should shake itself against them
or, a rod should shake them. itself, as if it were no wood. or, that which is not wood.

Verse 16
Therefore shall the Lord, the Lord of hosts, send among his fat ones leanness; and under his glory he shall kindle a burning like the burning of a fire.
the Lord of hosts
5:17; 14:24-27; 29:5-8; 37:6,7,29,36; 2 Chronicles 32:21; Psalms 106:15; Acts 12:23; 9:5; 30:30-33; 33:10-14

Verse 17
And the light of Israel shall be for a fire, and his Holy One for a flame: and it shall burn and devour his thorns and his briers in one day;
the light
60:19; Psalms 27:1; 84:11; Revelation 21:23; 22:5
for a flame
30:27,28; 33:14; 64:1,2; 66:15,16,24; Numbers 11:1-3; 16:35; Psalms 18:8; Psalms 21:9; 50:3; 83:14,15; Jeremiah 4:4; 7:20; Malachi 4:1-3; Matthew 3:12; 2 Thessalonians 1:7-9; Hebrews 12:29
devour
27:4; 37:36; Psalms 97:3; Nahum 1:5,6,10

Verse 18
And shall consume the glory of his forest, and of his fruitful field, both soul and body: and they shall be as when a standardbearer fainteth.
consume
33,34; 9:18; 2 Kings 19:23,28; Jeremiah 21:14; Ezekiel 20:47,48
both soul and body
Heb. from the soul and even to the flesh.

Verse 19
And the rest of the trees of his forest shall be few, that a child may write them.
few
Heb. number.
37:36

Verse 20
And it shall come to pass in that day, that the remnant of Israel, and such as are escaped of the house of Jacob, shall no more again stay upon him that smote them; but shall stay upon the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, in truth.
the remnant
1:9; 4:2,3; 6:13; 37:4,31,32; Ezra 9:14; Romans 9:27-29
no more
2 Kings 16:7; 2 Chronicles 28:20; Hosea 5:13; 14:3
but shall stay
17:7,8; 26:3,4; 48:1,2; 50:10

Verse 21
The remnant shall return, even the remnant of Jacob, unto the mighty God.
return
7:3; 9:13; 19:22; 55:7; 65:8,9; Hosea 6:1; 7:10,16; 14:1; Acts 26:20; 2 Corinthians 3:14-16
the mighty God
9:6

Verse 22
For though thy people Israel be as the sand of the sea, yet a remnant of them shall return: the consumption decreed shall overflow with righteousness.
though thy
1 Kings 4:20; Hosea 1:10; Romans 9:27; 11:5,6; Revelation 20:8
yet a remnant
6:13
of
Heb. in, or, among. the consumption.
6:11; 8:8; 27:10,11; 28:15-22; Daniel 9:27; Romans 9:28
with
or, in.
Genesis 18:25; Acts 17:31; Romans 2:5; 3:5,6

Verse 23
For the Lord GOD of hosts shall make a consumption, even determined, in the midst of all the land.
determined
14:26,27; 24:1-23; Daniel 4:35

Verse 24
Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD of hosts, O my people that dwellest in Zion, be not afraid of the Assyrian: he shall smite thee with a rod, and shall lift up his staff against thee, after the manner of Egypt.
O my people
4:3; 12:6; 30:19; 46:13; 61:3; Hebrews 12:22-24
be not afraid
8:12,13; 33:14-16; 35:4; 37:6,22,33-35
smite thee
5; 9:4; 14:29; 27:7
and shall lift up his staff against thee
or, but he shall lift up his staff for thee. after the manner.
Exodus 1:10-16; 14:9,21-31; 15:6-10

Verse 25
For yet a very little while, and the indignation shall cease, and mine anger in their destruction.
For yet
33,34; 12:1,2; 14:24,25; 17:12-14; 30:30-33; 31:4-9; 37:36-38; 54:7; 2 Kings 19:35; Psalms 37:10; Daniel 11:36; Hebrews 10:37

Verse 26
And the LORD of hosts shall stir up a scourge for him according to the slaughter of Midian at the rock of Oreb: and as his rod was upon the sea, so shall he lift it up after the manner of Egypt.
stir up
16-19; 2 Kings 19:35; Psalms 35:23
according
9:4; Judges 7:25; Psalms 83:11
his rod
24; 11:16; 51:9,10; Exodus 14:25-27; Nehemiah 9:10,11; Psalms 106:10,11; Habakkuk 3:7-15; Revelation 11:18; 19:15

Verse 27
And it shall come to pass in that day, that his burden shall be taken away from off thy shoulder, and his yoke from off thy neck, and the yoke shall be destroyed because of the anointing.
his burden
9:4; 14:25; 2 Kings 18:13,14; Nahum 1:9-13
be taken away
Heb. remove. because.
37:35; 2 Samuel 1:21; Psalms 2:1-3,6; *marg:; Psalms 20:6; 45:7; 84:9; 89:20-52; 105:15; 132:10,17,18; Daniel 9:24-26; Luke 4:18; John 1:41; *marg:; Acts 4:27; 1 John 2:20,27

Verse 28
He is come to Aiath, he is passed to Migron; at Michmash he hath laid up his carriages:
He is come
This is a prophetical description of the march of Sennacherib's army approaching Jerusalem in order to invest it, and of the terror and confusion spreading and increasing through the several places as he advanced; expressed with great brevity, but finely diversified. Aiath, or Ai, was situated a little east of Bethel about twelve miles north of Jerusalem; Michmash about three miles nearer, where there was a narrow pass between two sharp hills; Geba and Ramah about three miles more to the south; Gibeah a mile and a half more southward; Anathoth within three miles of Jerusalem; to the westward of which, towards Lydda, was Nob, from which place Sennacherib might have a prospect of Zion, and near which, it would appear, his army was destroyed.
Aiath
Joshua 7:2; Nehemiah 11:31
Aija
Migron
1 Samuel 14:2
Michmash
1 Samuel 13:2,5; 14:5,31

Verse 29
They are gone over the passage: they have taken up their lodging at Geba; Ramah is afraid; Gibeah of Saul is fled.
the passage
1 Samuel 13:23; 14:4
Geba
Joshua 21:17; 1 Kings 15:23
Ramah
Joshua 18:24,25; 1 Samuel 7:17; 15:34; Jeremiah 31:15; Hosea 5:8
Gibeah
Judges 19:12-15; 1 Samuel 11:4; 13:2; Hosea 9:9; 10:9

Verse 30
Lift up thy voice, O daughter of Gallim: cause it to be heard unto Laish, O poor Anathoth.
Lift up thy voice
Heb. Cry shrill with thy voice. Gallim.
1 Samuel 25:44
Laish
Judges 18:7,29
Anathoth
Joshua 21:18; 1 Kings 2:26; Jeremiah 1:1; 32:8

Verse 31
Madmenah is removed; the inhabitants of Gebim gather themselves to flee.
Madmenah
Joshua 15:31
Madmannah

Verse 32
As yet shall he remain at Nob that day: he shall shake his hand against the mount of the daughter of Zion, the hill of Jerusalem.
Nob
1 Samuel 21:1; 22:19; Nehemiah 11:32
shake
24; 11:15; 13:2; 19:16; Zechariah 2:9
the mount
2:2; 37:22

Verse 33
Behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, shall lop the bough with terror: and the high ones of stature shall be hewn down, and the haughty shall be humbled.
lop
16-19; 37:24-36,38; 2 Kings 19:21-37; 2 Chronicles 32:21
the high ones
Amos 2:9
and the haughty
2:11-17; Job 40:11,12; Daniel 4:37; Luke 14:11

Verse 34
And he shall cut down the thickets of the forest with iron, and Lebanon shall fall by a mighty one.
cut down
18; 37:24; Jeremiah 22:7; 46:22,23; 48:2; Nahum 1:12
Lebanon
Zechariah 11:1,2
by a mighty one
or, mightily.
31:8; 37:36; Psalms 103:20; Daniel 4:13,14,23; 2 Thessalonians 1:7; 2 Peter 2:11; Revelation 10:1; Revelation 18:21


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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 10". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=isa&chapter=010>.  

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