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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1Christ being sent to the Jews, complains of them.
5He is sent to the Gentiles with gracious promises.
13God's love is perpetual to his church.
18The ample restoration of the church.
24The powerful deliverance out of captivity.
 
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Chapter 49

Verse 1
Listen, O isles, unto me; and hearken, ye people, from far; The LORD hath called me from the womb; from the bowels of my mother hath he made mention of my name.


Listen
41:1; 42:1-4,12; 45:22; 51:5; 60:9; 66:19; Zephaniah 2:11
and hearken
55:3; 57:19; Ephesians 2:17; Hebrews 12:25
The Lord
5; Psalms 71:5,6; Jeremiah 1:5; Matthew 1:20,21; Luke 1:15,31-31; 2:10,11; John 10:36; Galatians 1:15; 1 Peter 1:20

Verse 2
And he hath made my mouth like a sharp sword; in the shadow of his hand hath he hid me, and made me a polished shaft; in his quiver hath he hid me;
he hath made
11:4; Psalms 45:2-5; Hosea 6:5; Hebrews 4:12; Revelation 1:16; 2:12; 19:15
in the
42:1; 51:16; Psalms 91:1; Luke 23:46
made me
The polished shaft, says Bp. Lowth, denotes the same efficacious word which is before represented by the sharp sword. The doctrine of the gospel pierced the hearts of its hearers, "bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ."
50:4; 61:1-3; Psalms 45:5; Jeremiah 1:18; 15:19,20

Verse 3
And said unto me, Thou art my servant, O Israel, in whom I will be glorified.
42:1; 43:21; 44:23; 52:13; 53:10; Zechariah 3:8; Matthew 17:5; Luke 2:10-14; John 12:28; 13:31,32; 15:8; 17:1,4; Ephesians 1:6; Philippians 2:6-11; 1 Peter 2:9

Verse 4
Then I said, I have laboured in vain, I have spent my strength for nought, and in vain: yet surely my judgment is with the LORD, and my work with my God.
I have laboured
65:2; Ezekiel 3:19; Matthew 17:17; 23:37; John 1:11; Romans 10:21; Galatians 4:11
spent
Leviticus 26:20; 2 Corinthians 12:15
yet
53:10-12; Psalms 22:22-31; Luke 24:26; John 17:4,5; 2 Corinthians 2:15; Philippians 2:9,10; Hebrews 12:2
work
or, reward.
40:10; 62:11

Verse 5
And now, saith the LORD that formed me from the womb to be his servant, to bring Jacob again to him, Though Israel be not gathered, yet shall I be glorious in the eyes of the LORD, and my God shall be my strength.
that formed
to bring
56:8; Matthew 15:24; Acts 10:36; Romans 15:8
Though, etc
or, That Israel may be gathered to him, and I may, etc. Israel.
Matthew 21:37-41; 23:37; Luke 19:42; 1 Thessalonians 2:15,16
yet
Psalms 110:1-3; Matthew 3:17; 11:27; 17:5; 28:18; John 3:35; 5:20-27; Ephesians 1:20-22; 1 Peter 3:22

Verse 6
And he said, It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel: I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth.
It is a light thing that
or, Art thou lighter, than that, etc.
2 Kings 3:18; 20:10
preserved
or, desolations. I will also.
42:6; 60:3; Luke 2:32; John 1:4-9; Acts 13:47; 26:18
that thou mayest
11:10; 24:14-16; 46:13; 52:10; Psalms 98:2,3; Luke 24:46,47

Verse 7
Thus saith the LORD, the Redeemer of Israel, and his Holy One, to him whom man despiseth, to him whom the nation abhorreth, to a servant of rulers, Kings shall see and arise, princes also shall worship, because of the LORD that is faithful, and the Holy One of Israel, and he shall choose thee.
the Redeemer
48:7; Revelation 3:7
to him whom man despiseth
or, to him that is despised in soul.
53:3; Psalms 22:6-8; 69:7-9,19; Zechariah 11:8; Matthew 26:67; 27:38-44; Luke 23:18,23; John 18:40; 19:6,15
to a
Matthew 20:28; Luke 22:27
Kings
23; 52:15; 60:3,10,16; Psalms 2:10-12; 68:31; 72:10,11; Revelation 11:15
and he
42:1; Luke 23:35; 1 Peter 2:4

Verse 8
Thus saith the LORD, In an acceptable time have I heard thee, and in a day of salvation have I helped thee: and I will preserve thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, to establish the earth, to cause to inherit the desolate heritages;
In an
Psalms 69:13; John 11:41,42; 2 Corinthians 6:2; Ephesians 1:6; Hebrews 5:7
have I helped
42:1; 50:7-9; Acts 2:24-32
give thee
42:6; Matthew 26:28; Hebrews 8:6; 12:24
establish
or, raise up.
51:16; Psalms 75:3
to cause
19; 51:3; 54:3; 58:12; 61:4; Psalms 2:8; Ephesians 2:12-19

Verse 9
That thou mayest say to the prisoners, Go forth; to them that are in darkness, Shew yourselves. They shall feed in the ways, and their pastures shall be in all high places.
to the
42:7; 61:1; Psalms 69:33; 102:20; 107:10-16; 146:7; Zechariah 9:11,12; Luke 4:18; Colossians 1:13; 1 Peter 2:9
to them
9:2; 42:16; 60:1,2; Luke 1:79; John 8:12; Acts 26:18; 2 Corinthians 4:4-6; Ephesians 5:8,14; 1 Thessalonians 5:5,6
They shall feed
5:17; 55:1,2; 65:13; Psalms 22:26; 23:1,2; Ezekiel 34:13-15,23,29; Joel 3:18; John 6:53-58; 10:9
high
Deuteronomy 32:13

Verse 10
They shall not hunger nor thirst; neither shall the heat nor sun smite them: for he that hath mercy on them shall lead them, even by the springs of water shall he guide them.
shall not
Matthew 5:6; John 6:35; Revelation 7:16,17
neither
4:6; 25:4; 32:2; Psalms 121:5,6
he that
54:10; Psalms 23:2-4; Jeremiah 31:9; Ezekiel 34:23; John 10:3,4

Verse 11
And I will make all my mountains a way, and my highways shall be exalted.
11:16; 35:8-10; 40:3,4; 43:19; 57:14; 62:10; Psalms 107:4,7; Luke 3:4,5; John 14:6

Verse 12
Behold, these shall come from far: and, lo, these from the north and from the west; and these from the land of Sinim.
these shall
2:2,3; 11:10,11; 43:5,6; 60:9-14; 66:19,20; Psalms 22:27; 72:10,11,17; Micah 4:2; Zechariah 2:11; 8:20-23; Matthew 8:11; Luke 13:29; Revelation 7:9; 11:15

Verse 13
Sing, O heavens; and be joyful, O earth; and break forth into singing, O mountains: for the LORD hath comforted his people, and will have mercy upon his afflicted.
O heavens
42:10,11; 44:23; 52:9; 55:12; Psalms 96:11-13; 98:4-9; Luke 2:13,14; 15:10; Revelation 5:8-13; 7:9-12
the Lord
12:1; 40:1,2; 51:3; 61:2,3; 66:13,14; Jeremiah 31:13; 2 Corinthians 7:6; 2 Thessalonians 2:16,17

Verse 14
But Zion said, The LORD hath forsaken me, and my Lord hath forgotten me.
The Lord
40:27; Psalms 22:1; 31:22; 77:6-9; 89:38-46; Romans 11:1-5
my Lord
Psalms 13:1; Jeremiah 23:39; Lamentations 5:20

Verse 15
Can a woman forget her sucking child, that she should not have compassion on the son of her womb? yea, they may forget, yet will I not forget thee.
a woman
1 Kings 3:26,27; Psalms 103:13; Malachi 3:17; Matthew 7:11
that she should not have compassion
Heb. from having compassion. they may.
Leviticus 26:29; Deuteronomy 28:56,57; 2 Kings 6:28,29; 11:1,2; Lamentations 4:3,10; Romans 1:31
yet
44:21; Jeremiah 31:20; Hosea 11:1; Romans 11:28,29

Verse 16
Behold, I have graven thee upon the palms of my hands; thy walls are continually before me.
I have
Exodus 13:9; Song of Solomon 8:6; Jeremiah 22:24; Haggai 2:23
thy walls
26:1; 54:12; 60:18; Revelation 21:10-21

Verse 17
Thy children shall make haste; thy destroyers and they that made thee waste shall go forth of thee.
children
51:18-20; 62:5; Ezra 1:5; Nehemiah 2:4-9,17; Ezekiel 28:24
haste
Or, by a slight change of the points, "Thy builders shall make haste:" those appointed to build the city and walls of Zion, shall speedily begin and accomplish the work.
thy destroyers
19; 51:13,22,23

Verse 18
Lift up thine eyes round about, and behold: all these gather themselves together, and come to thee. As I live, saith the LORD, thou shalt surely clothe thee with them all, as with an ornament, and bind them on thee, as a bride doeth.
Lift up
60:4; Genesis 13:14; Matthew 13:41,42; Revelation 22:15
all these
12,22; 43:5,6; 54:1-3; 60:5-11; 66:12,13,20; Jeremiah 31:8; Galatians 3:28,29
As I live
54:9; Genesis 22:16; Hebrews 6:13-18
thou shalt
61:10; Proverbs 17:6
as a bride
Jeremiah 2:32; Revelation 21:2
doeth
Bp. Lowth adds from the LXX., "her jewels."

Verse 19
For thy waste and thy desolate places, and the land of thy destruction, shall even now be too narrow by reason of the inhabitants, and they that swallowed thee up shall be far away.
thy waste
8; 51:3; 54:1,2; Jeremiah 30:18,19; 33:10,11; Ezekiel 36:9-15; Hosea 1:10,11; Zechariah 2:4,11; 10:10
they that
17,25,26; Psalms 56:1,2; 124:3; Proverbs 1:12; Jeremiah 30:16; 51:33,44; Ezekiel 36:3

Verse 20
The children which thou shalt have, after thou hast lost the other, shall say again in thine ears, The place is too strait for me: give place to me that I may dwell.
children
60:4; Hosea 1:10; Matthew 3:9; Galatians 4:26-28
The place
51:3; 54:1,2; Joshua 17:14-16; 2 Kings 6:1

Verse 21
Then shalt thou say in thine heart, Who hath begotten me these, seeing I have lost my children, and am desolate, a captive, and removing to and fro? and who hath brought up these? Behold, I was left alone; these, where had they been?
seeing
Jeremiah 31:15-17; Romans 11:11-17,24; Galatians 3:29; 4:26-29
am desolate
3:26; 51:17-20; 52:2; 54:3-8; 60:15; 62:4; 64:10; Lamentations 1:1-3; Matthew 24:29,30; Luke 21:24; Romans 11:26-31

Verse 22
Thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I will lift up mine hand to the Gentiles, and set up my standard to the people: and they shall bring thy sons in their arms, and thy daughters shall be carried upon their shoulders.
Behold
12; 2:2,3; 11:10,11; 42:1-4; 60:3-11; 66:20; Psalms 22:27; 67:4-7; Psalms 72:8,17; 86:9; Malachi 1:11; Luke 13:29
arms
Heb. bosom.

Verse 23
And kings shall be thy nursing fathers, and their queens thy nursing mothers: they shall bow down to thee with their face toward the earth, and lick up the dust of thy feet; and thou shalt know that I am the LORD: for they shall not be ashamed that wait for me.
kings
Cyrus, Darius, Artaxerxes, and other Persian monarchs, as well as Alexander the Great, and his successors, particularly Demetrius, conferred many privileges and immunities on the Jewish people, and were munificent benefactors to their temple. But the prophecy was more remarkably and fully fulfilled in the favour which Constantine the Great, and other Christian princes and princesses from his time to the present day, have shewn to the church of Christ; though it cannot be disputed, that the grand and signal accomplishment of these predictions is yet future.
7; 52:15; 60:3,10,11,16; 62:2; Ezra 1:2-4; 6:7-12; 7:11-28; Nehemiah 2:6-10; Esther 8:1-10; Psalms 2:10-12; 68:31; 72:10,11; 138:4; Revelation 21:24-26
nursing fathers
Heb. nourishers.
Numbers 11:12
queens
Heb. princesses. bow.
45:14; 60:14; Genesis 43:26; Psalms 72:9; Revelation 3:9
lick up
Micah 7:17
for they
25:9; 64:4; Psalms 25:3; 34:22; 69:6; Romans 5:5; 9:33; 10:11; 1 Peter 2:6

Verse 24
Shall the prey be taken from the mighty, or the lawful captive delivered?
Shall
Ezekiel 37:3,11
prey
42:22; 53:12; Psalms 124:6,7; 126:1-3; Matthew 12:29; Luke 11:21,22
lawful captive
Heb. captivity of the just.
Ezra 9:9,13; Nehemiah 9:33,37; Jeremiah 25:6-9,11-14

Verse 25
But thus saith the LORD, Even the captives of the mighty shall be taken away, and the prey of the terrible shall be delivered: for I will contend with him that contendeth with thee, and I will save thy children.
Even
10:27; 52:2-5; Jeremiah 29:10; 50:17-19,33,34; Zechariah 9:11; Hebrews 2:14,15; 1 John 3:8
captives
Heb. captivity. I will contend.
41:11,12; 54:15-17; Genesis 12:3; Numbers 23:8,9; Jeremiah 51:35,36; Zechariah 9:13-16; Zechariah 12:3-6; 14:3,12; Romans 8:31-39; Revelation 18:20
I will save
54:13; Galatians 4:26

Verse 26
And I will feed them that oppress thee with their own flesh; and they shall be drunken with their own blood, as with sweet wine: and all flesh shall know that I the LORD am thy Saviour and thy Redeemer, the mighty One of Jacob.
I will feed
9:20; Judges 7:22
drunken
Revelation 14:20; 16:6; 17:6
sweet wine
or, new wine. and all.
41:14-20; 45:6; 60:16; Psalms 9:16; 58:10,11; 83:18; Ezekiel 39:7; Revelation 15:3,4


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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 49". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=isa&chapter=049>.  

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