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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1The promulgation of the Gospel.
3The preaching of John Baptist.
9The preaching of the apostles.
12The prophet, by the omnipotency of God,
18and his incomparableness,
26comforts the people.
 
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Chapter 40

Verse 1
Comfort ye, comfort ye my people, saith your God.


comfort
3:10; 35:3,4; 41:10-14,27; 49:13-16; 50:10; 51:3,12; 57:15-19; 60:1-22; 61:1-3; 62:11,12; 65:13,14; 66:10-14; Nehemiah 8:10; Psalms 85:8; Jeremiah 31:10-14; Zephaniah 3:14-17; Zechariah 1:13; 9:9; 2 Corinthians 1:4; 1 Thessalonians 4:18; Hebrews 6:17,18

Verse 2
Speak ye comfortably to Jerusalem, and cry unto her, that her warfare is accomplished, that her iniquity is pardoned: for she hath received of the LORD'S hand double for all her sins.
comfortably
Heb. to the heart.
Genesis 34:3; 2 Chronicles 30:22; Hosea 2:14; *marg:
warfare
or, appointed time.
Psalms 102:13-28; Song of Solomon 2:11-13; Jeremiah 29:11; Daniel 9:2,24-27; 11:35; 12:4,9; Habakkuk 2:3; Acts 1:7; Galatians 4:4; Revelation 6:10,11; 11:15-18
that her iniquity
12:1; 33:24; 43:25; 44:22; 61:7; Psalms 32:1; Jeremiah 31:33,34; 33:8,9; 1 Corinthians 6:9-11
double
61:7; Job 42:10-12; Jeremiah 16:18; 17:18; Daniel 9:12; Zechariah 1:15; 9:12; Revelation 18:6

Verse 3
The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the LORD, make straight in the desert a highway for our God.
The voice
Matthew 3:1-3; Mark 1:2-5; Luke 3:2-6; John 1:23
Prepare
35:8; 57:14; 62:10,11; Malachi 3:1; 4:5,6; Luke 1:16,17,76,77
make
11:15,16; 43:19; 49:11; Psalms 68:4

Verse 4
Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low: and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places plain:
valley
42:11,15,16; 1 Samuel 2:8; Psalms 113:7,8; Ezekiel 17:24; 21:26; Luke 1:52,53; Luke 3:5; 18:14
every mountain
2:12-15; Job 40:11-13
and the
42:16; 45:2; Proverbs 2:15
straight
or, a straight place. plain. or, a plain place.

Verse 5
And the glory of the LORD shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken it.
the glory
6:3; 11:9; 35:2; 60:1; Psalms 72:19; 96:6; 102:16; Habakkuk 2:14; Luke 2:10-14; John 1:14; 12:41; 2 Corinthians 3:18; 4:6; Hebrews 1:3; Revelation 21:23
all flesh
49:6; 52:10; 66:16,23; Jeremiah 32:27; Joel 2:28; Zechariah 2:13; Luke 2:32; 3:6; John 17:2; Acts 2:17
for the mouth
1:20; 58:14; Jeremiah 9:12; Micah 4:4

Verse 6
The voice said, Cry. And he said, What shall I cry? All flesh is grass, and all the goodliness thereof is as the flower of the field:
Cry
3; 12:6; 58:1; 61:1,2; Jeremiah 2:2; 31:6; Hosea 5:8
All flesh
37:27; Job 14:2; Psalms 90:5,6; 92:7; 102:11; 103:15,16; James 1:10,11; 1 Peter 1:24

Verse 8
The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: but the word of our God shall stand for ever.
the word
46:10,11; 55:10,11; Psalms 119:89-91; Zechariah 1:6; Matthew 5:18; 24:35; Mark 13:31; John 10:35; 12:34; Romans 3:1-3; 1 Peter 1:25

Verse 9
O Zion, that bringest good tidings, get thee up into the high mountain; O Jerusalem, that bringest good tidings, lift up thy voice with strength; lift it up, be not afraid; say unto the cities of Judah, Behold your God!
O Zion, that bringest good tidings
or, O thou that tellest good tidings to Zion.
41:27; 52:7; Ezra 1:1,2; Luke 24:47; Romans 10:18
get
Judges 9:7; 1 Samuel 26:13,14; 2 Chronicles 13:4
O Jerusalem, that bringest good tidings
or, O thou that tellest good tidings to Jerusalem. lift up.
52:8; 58:4; Jeremiah 22:20; Acts 2:14
be not
35:3,4; 51:7,12; Acts 4:13,29; 5:41,42; Ephesians 6:19; Philippians 1:28,29; 1 Peter 3:14
Behold
12:2; 25:9; 1 Timothy 3:16; 1 John 5:20,21

Verse 10
Behold, the Lord GOD will come with strong hand, and his arm shall rule for him: behold, his reward is with him, and his work before him.
the Lord God
9:6,7; 59:15-21; 60:1-22; Zechariah 2:8-11; Malachi 3:1; John 12:13,15
with strong hand
or, against the strong.
49:24,25; 53:12; Hebrews 2:14; 1 John 3:8
his arm
59:16; Psalms 2:8,9; 66:3; 110:1,2,6; Matthew 28:18; Ephesians 1:20-22; Philippians 2:10,11; Revelation 2:26,27; 17:14; 19:11-16; 20:11
his reward
62:11; Revelation 22:12
his work
or, recompence for his work.
49:4

Verse 11
He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry them in his bosom, and shall gently lead those that are with young.
feed
49:9,10; 63:11; Genesis 49:24; Psalms 23:1-6; 78:71,72; 80:1; Ezekiel 34:12-14; Ezekiel 34:23,31; 37:24; Micah 5:4; John 10:11-16; Hebrews 13:20; 1 Peter 2:25; 1 Peter 5:4; Revelation 7:17
he shall gather
42:3; Genesis 33:13; Ezekiel 34:16; John 21:15-17; 1 Corinthians 3:1,2
shall gently lead
A beautiful image, as Bp. Lowth remarks, expressive of the tender attention of the shepherd to his flock. That the greatest care in driving the cattle, in regard to the dams and their young, was necessary, appears clearly from Jacob's apology to his brother Esau, Ge 33:13; which is set in a still stronger light by the following remarks of Sir J. Chardin: "Their flocks feed down the places of their encampments so quick, by the great numbers that they have, that they are obliged to remove them often, which is very destructive to their flocks, on account of the young ones, who have not strength enough to follow."
are with young
or, give suck.

Verse 12
Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and meted out heaven with the span, and comprehended the dust of the earth in a measure, and weighed the mountains in scales, and the hills in a balance?
measured
48:13; Job 11:7-9; 38:4-11; Psalms 102:25,26; 104:2,3; Proverbs 8:26-28; 30:4; Hebrews 1:10-12; Revelation 20:11
measure
Heb. tierce. weighed.
Job 28:25

Verse 13
Who hath directed the Spirit of the LORD, or being his counsellor hath taught him?
hath directed
Job 21:22; 36:22,23; Luke 10:22; John 1:13; Romans 11:34; 1 Corinthians 2:16; Ephesians 1:11
his counsellor
Heb. man of his counsel.

Verse 14
With whom took he counsel, and who instructed him, and taught him in the path of judgment, and taught him knowledge, and shewed to him the way of understanding?
instructed him
Heb. made him understand. understanding. Heb. understandings.
1 Corinthians 12:4-6; Colossians 2:3; James 1:17

Verse 15
Behold, the nations are as a drop of a bucket, and are counted as the small dust of the balance: behold, he taketh up the isles as a very little thing.
the nations
22; Job 34:14,15; Jeremiah 10:10
the isles
11:11; 41:5; 59:18; 66:19; Genesis 10:5; Daniel 11:18; Zephaniah 2:11

Verse 16
And Lebanon is not sufficient to burn, nor the beasts thereof sufficient for a burnt offering.
nor
Psalms 40:6; 50:10-12; Micah 6:6,7; Hebrews 10:5-10

Verse 17
All nations before him are as nothing; and they are counted to him less than nothing, and vanity.
as nothing
Job 25:6; Psalms 62:9; Daniel 4:34,35; 2 Corinthians 12:11

Verse 18
To whom then will ye liken God? or what likeness will ye compare unto him?
25; 46:5,9; Exodus 8:10; 9:14; 15:11; 20:4; Deuteronomy 33:26; 1 Samuel 2:2; Job 40:9; Psalms 86:8-10; 89:6,8; 113:5; Jeremiah 10:6,16; Micah 7:18; Acts 17:29; Colossians 1:15; Hebrews 1:3

Verse 19
The workman melteth a graven image, and the goldsmith spreadeth it over with gold, and casteth silver chains.
37:18,19; 41:6,7; 44:10-12; 46:6,7; Exodus 32:2-4; Judges 17:4; Psalms 115:4-8; Psalms 135:15,18; Jeremiah 10:3-5,9; Hosea 8:6; Habakkuk 2:18,19

Verse 20
He that is so impoverished that he hath no oblation chooseth a tree that will not rot; he seeketh unto him a cunning workman to prepare a graven image, that shall not be moved.
is so impoverished that he hath no oblation
Heb. is poor of oblation. chooseth.
2:8,9; 44:13-19; Jeremiah 10:3,4; Daniel 5:23
shall not
41:7; 46:7; 1 Samuel 5:3,4

Verse 21
Have ye not known? have ye not heard? hath it not been told you from the beginning? have ye not understood from the foundations of the earth?
27:11; 44:20; 46:8; Psalms 19:1-5; 115:8; Jeremiah 10:8-12; Acts 14:17; Romans 1:19-21,28; 3:1,2

Verse 22
It is he that sitteth upon the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers; that stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in:
It is he that sitteth
or, Him that sitteth, etc.
19:1; 66:1; Psalms 2:4; 29:10; 68:33
the inhabitants
15,17; Numbers 13:33
stretcheth
42:5; 44:24; 51:13; Job 9:8; 37:18; 38:4-9; Psalms 102:25,26; 104:2; Jeremiah 10:12; Zechariah 12:1; Hebrews 1:10-12
as a curtain
Or, "as a thin veil," as Bp. Lowth renders; which he illustrates by the following passage from Dr. Shaw. "It is usual in the summer season, and upon all occasions when a large company is to be received, to have the court sheltered from heat, or inclemency of the weather by a velum, umbrella, or veil, as I shall call it; which, being expanded on ropes from one end of the parapet to the other, may be folded or unfolded at pleasure. The Psalmist seems to allude to some covering of this kind, in that beautiful expression of spreading out the heavens as a curtain."

Verse 23
That bringeth the princes to nothing; he maketh the judges of the earth as vanity.
19:13,14; 23:9; 24:21,22; Job 12:21; 34:19,20; Psalms 76:12; 107:40; Jeremiah 25:18-27; Luke 1:51,52; Revelation 19:18-20

Verse 24
Yea, they shall not be planted; yea, they shall not be sown: yea, their stock shall not take root in the earth: and he shall also blow upon them, and they shall wither, and the whirlwind shall take them away as stubble.
they shall not be planted
14:21,22; 17:11; 1 Kings 21:21,22; 2 Kings 10:11; Job 15:30-33; 18:16-19; Jeremiah 22:30; Nahum 1:14
he shall also
7; 11:4; 30:33; 37:7; 2 Samuel 22:16; Job 4:9; Haggai 1:9
and the
17:13; 41:16; Job 21:18; Psalms 58:9; Proverbs 1:27; Jeremiah 23:19; Hosea 13:3,15; Zechariah 7:14; 9:14

Verse 25
To whom then will ye liken me, or shall I be equal? saith the Holy One.
18; Deuteronomy 4:15-18,33; 5:8

Verse 26
Lift up your eyes on high, and behold who hath created these things, that bringeth out their host by number: he calleth them all by names by the greatness of his might, for that he is strong in power; not one faileth.
Lift
51:6; Deuteronomy 4:19; Job 31:26-28; Psalms 8:3,4; 19:1
who hath
44:24; 45:7; 48:13; Genesis 2:1,2; Psalms 102:25; 148:3-6; Jeremiah 10:11,12; Colossians 1:16,17
bringeth
Psalms 147:4,5
by the greatness
Psalms 89:11-13; Jeremiah 32:17-19

Verse 28
Hast thou not known? hast thou not heard, that the everlasting God, the LORD, the Creator of the ends of the earth, fainteth not, neither is weary? there is no searching of his understanding.
thou not known
Jeremiah 4:22; Mark 8:17,18; 9:19; 16:14; Luke 24:25; John 14:9; 1 Corinthians 6:3-5,9; 1 Corinthians 6:16,19
the everlasting
57:15; Genesis 21:33; Deuteronomy 33:27; Jeremiah 10:10; Romans 16:26; 1 Timothy 1:17; Hebrews 9:14
the ends
45:22; 59:1; 1 Samuel 2:10; Acts 13:47
fainteth
66:9; Psalms 138:8; John 5:17; Philippians 1:6
no searching
55:8,9; Psalms 139:6; 147:5; Romans 11:33,34; 1 Corinthians 2:16

Verse 29
He giveth power to the faint; and to them that have no might he increaseth strength.
41:10; Genesis 49:24; Deuteronomy 33:25; Psalms 29:11; Zechariah 10:12; 2 Corinthians 12:9,10; Philippians 4:13; Colossians 1:11; Hebrews 11:34

Verse 30
Even the youths shall faint and be weary, and the young men shall utterly fall:
9:17; 13:18; Psalms 33:16; 34:10; 39:5; Ecclesiastes 9:11; Amos 2:14

Verse 31
But they that wait upon the LORD shall renew their strength; they shall mount up with wings as eagles; they shall run, and not be weary; and they shall walk, and not faint.
they that
8:17; 25:9; 30:18; Psalms 25:3,5,21; 27:14; 37:34; 40:1; 84:7; 92:1,13; Psalms 123:2; Lamentations 3:25,26; Romans 8:25; 1 Thessalonians 1:10
renew
Heb. change.
Judges 16:28; Job 17:9; 33:24-26; Psalms 103:5; 138:3; 2 Corinthians 1:8-10; 2 Corinthians 4:8-10,16; 12:9,10
mount
Exodus 19:4; Psalms 84:7; Song of Solomon 8:5; Zechariah 10:12; Revelation 4:7
not faint
Psalms 27:13; Luke 18:1; 2 Corinthians 4:1,16; Galatians 6:9; Hebrews 12:1; Revelation 2:3


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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 40". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=isa&chapter=040>.  

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