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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1God expostulates with his people, about his mercies to the church;
10about his promises;
21and about the vanity of idols.
 
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 Chapter 40
Chapter 42
 
 
 
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Chapter 41

Verse 1
Keep silence before me, O islands; and let the people renew their strength: let them come near; then let them speak: let us come near together to judgment.


silence
49:1; Psalms 46:10; Habakkuk 2:20; Zechariah 2:13
let the people
6,7,21,22; 8:9,10; Job 38:3; 40:7; Joel 3:10,11
let us
1:18; Job 23:3-7; 31:35,36; 40:8-10; Micah 6:1-3

Verse 2
Who raised up the righteous man from the east, called him to his foot, gave the nations before him, and made him rule over kings? he gave them as the dust to his sword, and as driven stubble to his bow.
Who raised
25; 45:13; 46:11; Genesis 11:31; 12:1-3; 17:1; Hebrews 11:8-10
the righteous man
Heb. righteousness.
gave
15; 45:1; Genesis 14:14,15; Ezra 1:2; Hebrews 7:1
as the
15,16; 2 Samuel 22:43; 2 Kings 13:7
as driven
40:24

Verse 3
He pursued them, and passed safely; even by the way that he had not gone with his feet.
safely
Heb. in peace.
57:2; Job 5:24

Verse 4
Who hath wrought and done it, calling the generations from the beginning? I the LORD, the first, and with the last; I am he.
hath
26; 40:12,26; 42:24
calling
44:7; 46:10; 48:3-7; Deuteronomy 32:7,8; Acts 15:18; 17:26
I the Lord
43:10; 44:6; 48:12; Revelation 1:11,17; 2:8; 22:13
with the
46:3,4; Matthew 1:23; 28:20

Verse 5
The isles saw it, and feared; the ends of the earth were afraid, drew near, and came.
isles
Genesis 10:5; Ezekiel 26:15,16
the ends
Exodus 15:14; Joshua 2:10; 5:1; Psalms 65:8; 66:3; 67:7

Verse 6
They helped every one his neighbour; and every one said to his brother, Be of good courage.
helped
40:19; 44:12; 1 Samuel 4:7-9; 5:3-5; Daniel 3:1-7; Acts 19:24-28
of good courage
Heb. strong.
35:4; Joel 3:9-11

Verse 7
So the carpenter encouraged the goldsmith, and he that smootheth with the hammer him that smote the anvil, saying, It is ready for the sodering: and he fastened it with nails, that it should not be moved.
the carpenter
40:19; 44:12-15; 46:6,7; Jeremiah 10:3-5,9; Daniel 3:1-7
goldsmith
or, founder. him that smote the anvil. or, the smiting. saying, It is ready for the soldering. or, saying of the solder, It is good. that it.
40:20; 46:7; Judges 18:17,18,24

Verse 8
But thou, Israel, art my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend.
thou
43:1; 44:1,2,21; 48:12; 49:3; Exodus 19:5,6; Leviticus 25:42; Deuteronomy 7:6-8; 10:15; Deuteronomy 14:2; Psalms 33:12; 105:6,42-45; 135:4; Jeremiah 33:24
the seed
Matthew 3:9; John 8:33-44; Romans 4:12,13; 9:4-8; Galatians 3:19; 4:22-31
my friend
2 Chronicles 20:7; John 15:14,15; James 2:23

Verse 9
Thou whom I have taken from the ends of the earth, and called thee from the chief men thereof, and said unto thee, Thou art my servant; I have chosen thee, and not cast thee away.
whom
2; Joshua 24:2-4; Nehemiah 9:7-38; Psalms 107:2,3; Luke 13:29; Revelation 5:9
called
Deuteronomy 7:7; 1 Corinthians 1:26-29; James 2:5
I have chosen
1 Samuel 12:22; Psalms 94:14; Jeremiah 33:25,26; Romans 11:1,2

Verse 10
Fear thou not; for I am with thee: be not dismayed; for I am thy God: I will strengthen thee; yea, I will help thee; yea, I will uphold thee with the right hand of my righteousness.
Fear
13,14; 12:2; 43:1,5; 44:2; 51:12,13; Genesis 15:1; Deuteronomy 20:1; 31:6-8; Joshua 1:9; 2 Chronicles 20:17; 32:8; Psalms 27:1; 46:1,2,7,11; Luke 1:13,30; 2:10,11; Romans 8:31
for I am thy God
52:7; 60:19; 1 Chronicles 12:18; Psalms 147:12; Hosea 1:9; Zechariah 13:9; John 8:54,55
I will strengthen
40:29-31; Deuteronomy 33:27-29; Psalms 29:11; Zechariah 10:12; 2 Corinthians 12:9; Ephesians 3:16; Philippians 4:13
I will uphold
Psalms 37:17,24; 41:12; 63:8; 145:14
the right
Psalms 65:5; 89:13,14; 99:4; 144:8,11

Verse 11
Behold, all they that were incensed against thee shall be ashamed and confounded: they shall be as nothing; and they that strive with thee shall perish.
all they
45:24; 49:26; 54:17; 60:12-14; Exodus 11:8; 23:22; Zechariah 12:3; Acts 13:8-11; Acts 16:39; Revelation 3:9
as nothing
24,29; 40:17; Daniel 4:35
they that strive with thee
Heb. the men of thy strife.

Verse 12
Thou shalt seek them, and shalt not find them, even them that contended with thee: they that war against thee shall be as nothing, and as a thing of nought.
shalt seek
Job 20:7-9; Psalms 37:35,36
them that contended with thee
Heb. the men of thy contention. they that war against thee. Heb. the men of thy war.

Verse 13
For I the LORD thy God will hold thy right hand, saying unto thee, Fear not; I will help thee.
will hold
43:6; 45:1; 51:18; Deuteronomy 33:26-29; Psalms 63:8; 73:23; 109:31; 2 Timothy 4:17
Fear

Verse 14
Fear not, thou worm Jacob, and ye men of Israel; I will help thee, saith the LORD, and thy redeemer, the Holy One of Israel.
thou worm
Job 25:6; Psalms 22:6
men
or, few men.
Deuteronomy 7:7; Matthew 7:14; Luke 12:32; Romans 9:27
saith
43:14; 44:6,24; 47:4; 48:17; 49:7,26; 54:5,8; 59:20; 60:16; 63:16; Job 19:25; Psalms 19:14; Jeremiah 50:34; Galatians 3:13; Titus 2:14; Revelation 5:9

Verse 15
Behold, I will make thee a new sharp threshing instrument having teeth: thou shalt thresh the mountains, and beat them small, and shalt make the hills as chaff.
I will make
21:10; 28:27; Habakkuk 3:12
teeth
Heb. mouths. thou shalt.
Psalms 18:42; Micah 4:13; Zechariah 4:7; 2 Corinthians 10:4,5

Verse 16
Thou shalt fan them, and the wind shall carry them away, and the whirlwind shall scatter them: and thou shalt rejoice in the LORD, and shalt glory in the Holy One of Israel.
shalt fan
17:13; Psalms 1:4; Jeremiah 15:7; 51:2; Matthew 3:12
thou shalt rejoice
12:6; 25:1-3; 45:24,25; 61:10,11; 1 Samuel 2:1,2; Jeremiah 9:23,24; Habakkuk 3:18; Luke 1:46,47; Romans 5:11; 1 Corinthians 1:30,31; Philippians 3:3; *Gr:

Verse 17
When the poor and needy seek water, and there is none, and their tongue faileth for thirst, I the LORD will hear them, I the God of Israel will not forsake them.
the poor
61:1; 66:2; Psalms 68:9,10; 72:12,13; 102:16,17; Matthew 5:3
seek
55:1; Exodus 17:3,6; Psalms 42:2; 63:1,2; Amos 8:11-13; Matthew 5:6; John 4:10-15; John 7:37-39; Revelation 21:6; 22:17
their tongue
Psalms 22:15; Lamentations 4:4; Luke 16:24
I the Lord
30:19; Judges 15:18,19; Psalms 34:6; 50:15; 102:17; 107:5,6; 2 Corinthians 12:9
I the God
42:16; Genesis 28:15; Psalms 94:14; Hebrews 13:5,6

Verse 18
I will open rivers in high places, and fountains in the midst of the valleys: I will make the wilderness a pool of water, and the dry land springs of water.
12:3; 30:25; 32:2; 35:6,7; 43:19,20; 44:3; 48:21; 49:9,10; 58:11; Psalms 46:4; 78:15,16; 105:41; 107:35; Ezekiel 47:1-8; Joel 3:18; Zechariah 14:8; Revelation 7:17; 22:1

Verse 19
I will plant in the wilderness the cedar, the shittah tree, and the myrtle, and the oil tree; I will set in the desert the fir tree, and the pine, and the box tree together:
plant
27:6; 32:15; 37:31,32; 51:3; 55:13; 60:21; 61:3,11; Psalms 92:13,14; Ezekiel 17:22-24; 47:12

Verse 20
That they may see, and know, and consider, and understand together, that the hand of the LORD hath done this, and the Holy One of Israel hath created it.
43:7-13,21; 44:23; 45:6-8; 66:18; Exodus 9:16; Numbers 23:23; Job 12:9; Psalms 109:27; Ephesians 2:6-10; 2 Thessalonians 1:10

Verse 21
Produce your cause, saith the LORD; bring forth your strong reasons, saith the King of Jacob.
Produce
Heb. Cause to come near.
Job 23:3,4; 31:37; 38:3; 40:7-9; Micah 6:1,2

Verse 22
Let them bring them forth, and shew us what shall happen: let them shew the former things, what they be, that we may consider them, and know the latter end of them; or declare us things for to come.
and shew
42:9; 43:9-12; 45:21; 48:14; John 13:19; 16:14
consider them
Heb. set our heart upon them.

Verse 23
Shew the things that are to come hereafter, that we may know that ye are gods: yea, do good, or do evil, that we may be dismayed, and behold it together.
that we may know
42:9; 44:7,8; 45:8; 46:9,10; John 13:19; Acts 15:18
do good
45:7; 46:7; Jeremiah 10:5

Verse 24
Behold, ye are of nothing, and your work of nought: an abomination is he that chooseth you.
ye are
29; 44:9,10; Psalms 115:8; Jeremiah 10:8,14; 51:17,18; 1 Corinthians 8:4
of nothing
or, worse than nothing. of nought. or, worse than of a viper. an abomination.
66:24; Deuteronomy 7:26; 27:15; Revelation 17:5

Verse 25
I have raised up one from the north, and he shall come: from the rising of the sun shall he call upon my name: and he shall come upon princes as upon morter, and as the potter treadeth clay.
I have
Jehovah here, by the mouth of the prophet, predicts the victories of Cyrus over the Chaldeans and their allies, at least 150 years before the event, as one instance of his foreknowledge and invincible power. Media lay north of Babylon, and Persia eastward; and Cyrus commanded the forces of both these nations; and, by his wonderful success, he trampled down mighty monarchs as mortar, and as the potter treads the clay.
raised
21:2; 44:28; 45:1-6,13; 46:10,11; Jeremiah 51:27-29
shall he call
Ezra 1:2,3
come upon
2; 10:6; 2 Samuel 22:43; Micah 7:10; Zechariah 10:5

Verse 26
Who hath declared from the beginning, that we may know? and beforetime, that we may say, He is righteous? yea, there is none that sheweth, yea, there is none that declareth, yea, there is none that heareth your words.
declared
22; 43:9; 44:7; 45:21; Habakkuk 2:18-20
righteous

Verse 27
The first shall say to Zion, Behold, behold them: and I will give to Jerusalem one that bringeth good tidings.
first
4; 43:10; 44:6; 48:12; Revelation 2:8
I will give
40:9; 44:28; 52:7; Ezra 1:1,2; Nahum 1:15; Luke 2:10,11; Romans 10:15

Verse 28
For I beheld, and there was no man; even among them, and there was no counsellor, that, when I asked of them, could answer a word.
I beheld
63:5; Daniel 2:10,11; 4:7,8; 5:8
answer
Heb. return.

Verse 29
Behold, they are all vanity; their works are nothing: their molten images are wind and confusion.
they are all
24; 44:9-20; Psalms 115:4-8; 135:15-18; Jeremiah 10:2-16; Habakkuk 2:18
wind
Jeremiah 5:13


Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 41". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=isa&chapter=041>.  

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