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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1God, to convince the people of their foreknown obstinancy, revealed his prophecies.
9He saves them for his own sake.
12He exhorts them to obedience, because of his power and providence.
16He laments their backwardness.
20He powerfully delivers his people out of Babylon.
 
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Chapter 48

Verse 1
Hear ye this, O house of Jacob, which are called by the name of Israel, and are come forth out of the waters of Judah, which swear by the name of the LORD, and make mention of the God of Israel, but not in truth, nor in righteousness.


which are
Genesis 32:28; 35:10; 2 Kings 17:34; John 1:47; Romans 2:17,28,29; 9:6,8; Revelation 2:9; Revelation 3:9
come
Numbers 24:7; Deuteronomy 33:28; Psalms 68:26; Proverbs 5:16
which swear
44:5; 45:23; 65:16; Deuteronomy 5:28; 6:13; 10:20; Psalms 63:11; Zephaniah 1:5
make mention
26:13; 62:8; Exodus 23:13
not in truth
1:10-14; Leviticus 19:12; Psalms 50:16-20; 66:3; *marg:; Jeremiah 4:2; 5:2; 7:9,10; Malachi 3:5; Matthew 15:8,9; 23:14; John 4:24; 1 Timothy 4:2; 2 Timothy 3:2-5

Verse 2
For they call themselves of the holy city, and stay themselves upon the God of Israel; The LORD of hosts is his name.
they call
52:1; 64:10,11; Nehemiah 11:1,18; Psalms 48:1; 87:3; Daniel 9:24; Matthew 4:5; 27:53; Revelation 11:2; 21:2; 22:19
and stay
10:20; Judges 17:13; 1 Samuel 4:3-5; Jeremiah 7:4-11; 21:2; Micah 3:11; John 8:40,41; Romans 2:17
The Lord
47:4; 51:13; Jeremiah 10:16

Verse 3
I have declared the former things from the beginning; and they went forth out of my mouth, and I shewed them; I did them suddenly, and they came to pass.
declared
41:22; 42:9; 43:9; 44:7,8; 45:21; 46:9,10
and I
10:12-19,33,34; 37:7,29,36-38; Joshua 21:45; 23:14,15

Verse 4
Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass;
I knew
46:12; Psalms 78:8; Zechariah 7:11,12
obstinate
Heb. hard.
Jeremiah 5:3; Ezekiel 3:4-7; Daniel 5:20; Romans 2:5; Hebrews 3:13
and they
Exodus 32:9; 33:3,5; Deuteronomy 10:16; 31:27; 2 Kings 17:14; 2 Chronicles 30:8; 36:13; Nehemiah 9:16,17,28; Psalms 75:5; Proverbs 29:1; Jeremiah 7:26; 19:15; Zechariah 7:12; Acts 7:51
thy brow
Jeremiah 3:3; Ezekiel 3:7-9

Verse 5
I have even from the beginning declared it to thee; before it came to pass I shewed it thee: lest thou shouldest say, Mine idol hath done them, and my graven image, and my molten image, hath commanded them.
even
3; 44:7; 46:10; Luke 1:70; Acts 15:18
Mine idol
42:8,9; Jeremiah 44:17,18

Verse 6
Thou hast heard, see all this; and will not ye declare it? I have shewed thee new things from this time, even hidden things, and thou didst not know them.
hast heard
Psalms 107:43; Jeremiah 2:31; Micah 6:9
and will
21:10; 43:8-10; Psalms 40:9,10; 71:15-18; 78:3-6; 119:13; 145:4,5; Jeremiah 50:2; Matthew 10:27; Acts 1:8
shewed
42:9; Daniel 12:8-13; Amos 3:6; John 15:15; Romans 16:25,26; 1 Corinthians 2:9; 1 Peter 1:10-12; Revelation 1:19; 4:1; 5:1,2; 6:1-17

Verse 8
Yea, thou heardest not; yea, thou knewest not; yea, from that time that thine ear was not opened: for I knew that thou wouldest deal very treacherously, and wast called a transgressor from the womb.
thou heardest
6:9,10; 26:11; 29:10,11; 42:19,20; Jeremiah 5:21; Matthew 13:13-15; John 12:39,40
thine ear
50:5; Psalms 40:6; 139:1-4; Jeremiah 6:10
I knew
4; 21:2; Jeremiah 3:7-11,20; 5:11; Hosea 5:7; 6:7; Malachi 2:11
a transgressor
Deuteronomy 9:7-24; Psalms 51:5; 58:3; Ezekiel 16:3-5; Ephesians 2:3

Verse 9
For my name's sake will I defer mine anger, and for my praise will I refrain for thee, that I cut thee not off.
my name's
11; 37:35; 43:25; Joshua 7:9; 1 Samuel 12:22; Psalms 25:11; 79:9; 106:8; 143:11; Jeremiah 14:7; Ezekiel 20:9,14,22,44; Daniel 9:17-19
defer
Nehemiah 9:30,31; Psalms 78:38; 103:8-10; Proverbs 19:11

Verse 10
Behold, I have refined thee, but not with silver; I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction.
I have refined
1:25,26; Job 23:10; Psalms 66:10; Proverbs 17:3; Jeremiah 9:7; Ezekiel 20:38; Ezekiel 22:18-22; Zechariah 13:8,9; Malachi 3:2,3; Hebrews 12:10,11; 1 Peter 1:7; 4:12; Revelation 3:19
with silver
or, for silver. I have chosen.
Deuteronomy 4:20

Verse 11
For mine own sake, even for mine own sake, will I do it: for how should my name be polluted? and I will not give my glory unto another.
mine own
for how
52:5; Numbers 14:15,16; Deuteronomy 32:26,27; Ezekiel 20:9,39; Romans 2:24
my name
Shemi, "my name," is supplied by one MS. and the LXX.
I will not
5; 42:8; John 5:23

Verse 12
Hearken unto me, O Jacob and Israel, my called; I am he; I am the first, I also am the last.
Hearken
34:1; 46:3; 49:1; 51:1,4,7; 55:3; Proverbs 7:24; 8:32
O Jacob
Three MSS. and two old editions add avdi, "my servant."
my called
Matthew 20:16; Romans 1:6; 8:28; 1 Corinthians 1:24; 1 Peter 2:9; Revelation 17:14
I am he
41:4; 44:6; Deuteronomy 32:39; Revelation 1:8,11,17,18; 2:8; 22:13

Verse 13
Mine hand also hath laid the foundation of the earth, and my right hand hath spanned the heavens: when I call unto them, they stand up together.
hand
42:5; 45:18; Exodus 20:11; Psalms 102:25; Hebrews 1:10-12
and
40:12
my right hand hath spanned
or, the palm of my right hand hath spread out.
40:22; Job 37:18
when
40:26; Psalms 119:89-91; 147:4; 148:5-8

Verse 14
All ye, assemble yourselves, and hear; which among them hath declared these things? The LORD hath loved him: he will do his pleasure on Babylon, and his arm shall be on the Chaldeans.
assemble
41:22; 43:9; 44:7; 45:20,21
among them
Instead of bahem, "among them," thirty-five MSS. and two editions have bachem, "among you."
The Lord
Rather, "He whom the Lord hath loved, will execute his will on Babylon:" that is, Cyrus.
45:1-3; Mark 10:21
he will do
13:4,5,17,18; 44:28; 46:11; Jeremiah 50:21-29; 51:20-24

Verse 15
I, even I, have spoken; yea, I have called him: I have brought him, and he shall make his way prosperous.
Joshua 1:8; Psalms 45:4; Ezekiel 1:2

Verse 16
Come ye near unto me, hear ye this; I have not spoken in secret from the beginning; from the time that it was, there am I: and now the Lord GOD, and his Spirit, hath sent me.
I have not
3-6; 45:19; John 18:20
the Lord God
11:1-5; 61:1-3; Zechariah 2:8-11; Luke 4:18; John 3:34; 20:21,22

Verse 17
Thus saith the LORD, thy Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel; I am the LORD thy God which teacheth thee to profit, which leadeth thee by the way that thou shouldest go.
the Lord
20; 43:14; 44:6-24; 54:5
which teacheth
2:3; 30:20; 54:13; Deuteronomy 8:17,18; 1 Kings 8:36; Job 22:21,22; 36:22; Psalms 25:8,9,12; 71:17; 73:24; Jeremiah 31:33,34; Micah 4:2; John 6:45; Ephesians 4:21
which leadeth
43:16; 49:9,10; Psalms 32:8; Jeremiah 6:16

Verse 18
O that thou hadst hearkened to my commandments! then had thy peace been as a river, and thy righteousness as the waves of the sea:
that thou
Deuteronomy 5:29; 32:29; Psalms 81:13-16; Matthew 23:37; Luke 19:41,42
then had
32:15-18; 66:12; Psalms 36:8; 119:165; Amos 5:24; Romans 14:17

Verse 19
Thy seed also had been as the sand, and the offspring of thy bowels like the gravel thereof; his name should not have been cut off nor destroyed from before me.
seed
10:22; Genesis 13:16; 22:17; Jeremiah 33:22; Hosea 1:10; Romans 9:27
his name
9; 9:14; 14:22; Joshua 7:9; Ruth 4:10; 1 Kings 9:7; Psalms 9:5; 109:13; Zephaniah 1:4

Verse 20
Go ye forth of Babylon, flee ye from the Chaldeans, with a voice of singing declare ye, tell this, utter it even to the end of the earth; say ye, The LORD hath redeemed his servant Jacob.
ye forth
52:11; Jeremiah 50:8; 51:6,45; Zechariah 2:6,7; Revelation 18:4
with a voice
12:1; 26:1; 45:22,23; 49:13; 52:9; Exodus 15:1-21; 19:4-6; Psalms 126:1; Jeremiah 31:12,13; 51:48; Revelation 18:20; 19:1-6
utter it even
6; 2 Samuel 7:23; Jeremiah 31:10; 50:2

Verse 21
And they thirsted not when he led them through the deserts: he caused the waters to flow out of the rock for them: he clave the rock also, and the waters gushed out.
they thirsted
30:25; 35:6,7; 41:17,18; 43:19,20; 49:10; Jeremiah 31:9
he caused
Exodus 17:6; Numbers 20:11; Nehemiah 9:15; Psalms 78:15,20; 105:41

Verse 22
There is no peace, saith the LORD, unto the wicked.
57:21; Job 15:20-24; Luke 19:42; Romans 3:17


Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 48". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=isa&chapter=048>.  

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