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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1Jeremiah causes Baruch to write his prophesy,
5and publicly to read it.
11The princes, having intelligence thereof by Michaiah, send Jehudi to fetch the roll and read it.
19They will Baruch to hide himself and Jeremiah.
20The king, Jehoiakim, being certified thereof, hears part of it, and burns the roll.
27Jeremiah denounces his judgment.
32Baruch writes a new copy.
 
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Chapter 36

Verse 1
And it came to pass in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, that this word came unto Jeremiah from the LORD, saying,


25:1; 35:1; 2 Kings 24:1,2

Verse 2
Take thee a roll of a book, and write therein all the words that I have spoken unto thee against Israel, and against Judah, and against all the nations, from the day I spake unto thee, from the days of Josiah, even unto this day.
a roll
6,23,29; 30:2; 45:1; 51:60; Exodus 17:14; Deuteronomy 31:24; Ezra 6:2; Job 31:35; Psalms 40:7; Isaiah 8:1; 30:8,9; Ezekiel 2:9; 3:1-3; Habakkuk 2:2,3; Zechariah 5:1-4; Revelation 5:1-9
write
30:2; Hosea 8:12
against Israel
2:4; 3:3-10; 23:13,14; 32:30-35; 2 Kings 17:18-20
against all
1:5,10; 25:9-29; 47:1-51
from the days
1:2,3; 25:3

Verse 3
It may be that the house of Judah will hear all the evil which I purpose to do unto them; that they may return every man from his evil way; that I may forgive their iniquity and their sin.
may be
7; 18:8; 26:3; Deuteronomy 5:29; Ezekiel 12:3; Zephaniah 2:3; Luke 20:13; 2 Timothy 2:25,26; 2 Peter 3:9
hear
Ezekiel 18:27,28; 33:7-9,14-16; Matthew 3:7-9; Luke 3:7-9
they may
18:8,11; 23:14; 24:7; 35:15; Deuteronomy 30:2,8; 1 Samuel 7:3; 1 Kings 8:48-50; 2 Chronicles 6:38,39; Nehemiah 1:9; Isaiah 55:6,7; Ezekiel 18:23; Jonah 3:8-10; Acts 26:20
that I
Isaiah 6:10; Matthew 13:15; Mark 4:12; Acts 3:19; 26:18; 28:27

Verse 4
Then Jeremiah called Baruch the son of Neriah: and Baruch wrote from the mouth of Jeremiah all the words of the LORD, which he had spoken unto him, upon a roll of a book.
Baruch
26; 32:12; 43:3
wrote
Baruch is supposed to have been a disciple of Jeremiah; and being a ready scribe, he was employed by the prophet as his amanuensis.
17,18,32; 45:1,2; Romans 16:22
upon
21,23,28,32; Isaiah 8:1; Ezekiel 2:9; Zechariah 5:1

Verse 5
And Jeremiah commanded Baruch, saying, I am shut up; I cannot go into the house of the LORD:
20:2; 32:2; 33:1; 37:15; 38:6,28; 40:4; 2 Corinthians 11:23; Ephesians 3:1; 6:20; 2 Timothy 2:9; Hebrews 11:36

Verse 6
Therefore go thou, and read in the roll, which thou hast written from my mouth, the words of the LORD in the ears of the people in the LORD'S house upon the fasting day: and also thou shalt read them in the ears of all Judah that come out of their cities.
and read
8; Ezekiel 2:3-7
the words
7:2; 18:11; 19:14; 22:2; 26:2
upon
9; Leviticus 16:29-31; 23:27-32; Acts 27:9

Verse 7
It may be they will present their supplication before the LORD, and will return every one from his evil way: for great is the anger and the fury that the LORD hath pronounced against this people.
It may
3; 1 Kings 8:33-36; 2 Chronicles 33:12,13; Daniel 9:13; Hosea 5:15; 6:1; 14:1-3
they will present their supplication
Heb. their supplication shall fall. and will.
1:3; 25:5; Jonah 3:8; Zechariah 1:4
for
4:4; 16:10; 19:15; 21:5; Deuteronomy 28:15-68; 29:18-28; 2 Kings 22:13,17; 2 Chronicles 34:21; Lamentations 4:11; Ezekiel 5:13; 8:18; 13:13; 20:33; 22:20; 24:8-13

Verse 8
And Baruch the son of Neriah did according to all that Jeremiah the prophet commanded him, reading in the book the words of the LORD in the LORD'S house.
did
4; 1:17; Matthew 16:24; 1 Corinthians 16:10; Philippians 2:19-22
in the
Nehemiah 8:3; Luke 4:16-30

Verse 9
And it came to pass in the fifth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, in the ninth month, that they proclaimed a fast before the LORD to all the people in Jerusalem, and to all the people that came from the cities of Judah unto Jerusalem.
A. M. 3398. B.C. 606. in the fifth
they
Leviticus 23:27; 2 Chronicles 20:3; Nehemiah 9:1; Esther 4:16; Isaiah 58:1-3; Joel 1:13; 2:12-17; Jonah 3:5; Zechariah 7:5,6; 8:19
came

Verse 10
Then read Baruch in the book the words of Jeremiah in the house of the LORD, in the chamber of Gemariah the son of Shaphan the scribe, in the higher court, at the entry of the new gate of the LORD'S house, in the ears of all the people.
Then
6,8
in the chamber
35:4
Gemariah
11,25
Shaphan
11; 26:24; 29:3
the scribe
52:25; 2 Samuel 8:17; 20:25; 2 Kings 18:37
entry
or, door.
26:10; 2 Kings 15:35

Verse 11
When Michaiah the son of Gemariah, the son of Shaphan, had heard out of the book all the words of the LORD,
Shaphan
10; 2 Kings 22:12-14; 25:22; 2 Chronicles 34:20

Verse 12
Then he went down into the king's house, into the scribe's chamber: and, lo, all the princes sat there, even Elishama the scribe, and Delaiah the son of Shemaiah, and Elnathan the son of Achbor, and Gemariah the son of Shaphan, and Zedekiah the son of Hananiah, and all the princes.
Elishama
20,21; 41:1
Elnathan
25; 26:22; 2 Kings 22:12,14; 24:8
Gemariah
10,11; 2 Kings 22:3,12
Hananiah
28:1-17

Verse 13
Then Michaiah declared unto them all the words that he had heard, when Baruch read the book in the ears of the people.
2 Kings 22:10,19; 2 Chronicles 34:16-18,24; Jonah 3:6

Verse 14
Therefore all the princes sent Jehudi the son of Nethaniah, the son of Shelemiah, the son of Cushi, unto Baruch, saying, Take in thine hand the roll wherein thou hast read in the ears of the people, and come. So Baruch the son of Neriah took the roll in his hand, and came unto them.
Nethaniah
40:8; 41:1,2,16,18; 2 Kings 25:23
Cushi
Zephaniah 1:1
took
2; Ezekiel 2:6,7; Matthew 10:16,28

Verse 15
And they said unto him, Sit down now, and read it in our ears. So Baruch read it in their ears.
and read

Verse 16
Now it came to pass, when they had heard all the words, they were afraid both one and other, and said unto Baruch, We will surely tell the king of all these words.
they were
24; Acts 24:25,26
We
13:18; 38:1-4; Amos 7:10,11

Verse 17
And they asked Baruch, saying, Tell us now, How didst thou write all these words at his mouth?
Tell
John 9:10,11,15,26,27

Verse 18
Then Baruch answered them, He pronounced all these words unto me with his mouth, and I wrote them with ink in the book.
He
2,4; 43:2,3; Proverbs 26:4,5
with ink
Baddeyo is rendered by some, after him; but deyo (in Chaldee and Syriac deyootha, and in Welsh du,) certainly denotes ink; whence are derived the Arabic dawat and deweet, and Persian deeveet, an ink-holder; the Syriac dayowo, and Persian div, the devil. So the Alexandrian copy of the LXX. has [en melani] and Vulgate atramento, "with ink." Perhaps the princes supposed that Baruch had written this roll from memory; and that it was rather to be considered as his composition, than the substance of Jeremiah's prophecies; and they might ask this apparently frivolous question in order to allay the alarms excited by considering it as the word of God. But Baruch, with great simplicity, so answered their question, as to shew that he only acted as Jeremiah's amanuensis, and wrote verbatim what he had dictated.

Verse 19
Then said the princes unto Baruch, Go, hide thee, thou and Jeremiah; and let no man know where ye be.
26; 26:20-24; 1 Kings 17:3; 18:4,10; 2 Chronicles 25:15; Proverbs 28:12; Amos 7:12; Luke 13:31; Acts 5:40; 23:16-22

Verse 20
And they went in to the king into the court, but they laid up the roll in the chamber of Elishama the scribe, and told all the words in the ears of the king.
12,21

Verse 21
So the king sent Jehudi to fetch the roll: and he took it out of Elishama the scribe's chamber. And Jehudi read it in the ears of the king, and in the ears of all the princes which stood beside the king.
Jehudi
And Jehudi
15; 23:28; 26:2; 2 Kings 22:10; 2 Chronicles 34:18; Ezekiel 2:4,5

Verse 22
Now the king sat in the winterhouse in the ninth month: and there was a fire on the hearth burning before him.
22:14-16; 3:20; Amos 3:15

Verse 23
And it came to pass, that when Jehudi had read three or four leaves, he cut it with the penknife, and cast it into the fire that was on the hearth, until all the roll was consumed in the fire that was on the hearth.
he cut
29-31; Deuteronomy 29:19-21; 1 Kings 22:8,27; Psalms 50:17; Proverbs 1:30; 5:12; 13:13; Proverbs 19:21; 21:30; 29:1; Isaiah 5:18,19; 28:14,15,17-22; Revelation 22:19

Verse 24
Yet they were not afraid, nor rent their garments, neither the king, nor any of his servants that heard all these words.
they
16; Job 15:4; Psalms 36:1; 64:5; Isaiah 26:11; Romans 3:18
nor rent
5:3; 1 Kings 21:27; 2 Kings 19:1,2; 22:11-19; 2 Chronicles 34:19-31; Isaiah 36:22; 37:1; Jonah 3:6; Matthew 12:41

Verse 25
Nevertheless Elnathan and Delaiah and Gemariah had made intercession to the king that he would not burn the roll: but he would not hear them.
Elnathan
12; 26:22
made
13:15-17; Genesis 37:22,26-28; Matthew 27:4,24,25; Acts 5:34-39
but
Proverbs 21:29

Verse 26
But the king commanded Jerahmeel the son of Hammelech, and Seraiah the son of Azriel, and Shelemiah the son of Abdeel, to take Baruch the scribe and Jeremiah the prophet: but the LORD hid them.
Hammelech
or, the king. to take.
2:30; 26:21-23; 1 Kings 19:1-3,10,14; Matthew 23:34-37; 26:47-50; John 7:32; 8:20; 11:57
but
5,19; 1:19; 15:20,21; 1 Kings 17:3,9; 18:4,10-12; 2 Kings 6:18-20; Psalms 27:5; 32:7; 57:1; 64:2; 91:1; 121:8; Isaiah 26:20; John 8:59; Acts 12:11

Verse 28
Take thee again another roll, and write in it all the former words that were in the first roll, which Jehoiakim the king of Judah hath burned.
28:13,14; 44:28; Job 23:13; Zechariah 1:5,6; Matthew 24:35; 2 Timothy 2:13

Verse 29
And thou shalt say to Jehoiakim king of Judah, Thus saith the LORD; Thou hast burned this roll, saying, Why hast thou written therein, saying, The king of Babylon shall certainly come and destroy this land, and shall cause to cease from thence man and beast?
Thou hast
Deuteronomy 29:19; Job 15:24; 40:8; Isaiah 45:9; Acts 5:39; 1 Corinthians 10:22
Why
26:9; 32:3; Isaiah 29:21; 30:10; Acts 5:28
The king
21:4-7,10; 28:8; 32:28-30; 34:21,22

Verse 30
Therefore thus saith the LORD of Jehoiakim king of Judah; He shall have none to sit upon the throne of David: and his dead body shall be cast out in the day to the heat, and in the night to the frost.
He shall
22:30; 2 Kings 24:12-15
and his
22:18; Genesis 31:40
in the
Sir J. Chardin observes, "In the Lower Asia, in particular, the day is always hot; and as soon as the sun is fifteen degrees above the horizon, no cold is felt in the depth of winter itself. On the contrary, in the height of summer the nights are as cold as at Paris in the month of March. It is for this reason that in Persia and Turkey they always make use of furred habits in the country, such only being sufficient to resist the cold of the nights. I have travelled in Arabia, and in Mesopotamia, (the theatre of the adventures of Jacob,) both in winter and in summer, and have found the truth of what the Patriarch said, "That he was scorched with the heat in the day, and stiffened with cold in the night." (Ge 31:40.) This contrariety in the qualities of the air in twenty-four hours is extremely great in some places, and not conceivable by those that have not felt it; one would imagine that he had passed in a moment from the violent heats of summer to the depth of winter. Thus it had pleased God to temper the heat of the sun by the coldness of night, without which the greatest part of the East would be barren, and a desert."

Verse 31
And I will punish him and his seed and his servants for their iniquity; and I will bring upon them, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and upon the men of Judah, all the evil that I have pronounced against them; but they hearkened not.
punish
Heb. visit upon.
23:34; *marg:
will bring
11:8; 17:18; 19:15; 29:17-19; 35:17; 44:4-14; Leviticus 26:14; Deuteronomy 28:15-68; Proverbs 29:1
but
Matthew 23:37

Verse 32
Then took Jeremiah another roll, and gave it to Baruch the scribe, the son of Neriah; who wrote therein from the mouth of Jeremiah all the words of the book which Jehoiakim king of Judah had burned in the fire: and there were added besides unto them many like words.
took
who
4,18; Exodus 4:15,16; Romans 16:22
there
Leviticus 26:18,21,24,28; Daniel 3:19; Revelation 22:18
like words
Heb. words as they.


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Jeremiah 36". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=jer&chapter=036>.  

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