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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1The judgment of the Ammonites.
6Their restoration.
7The judgment of Edom;
23of Damascus;
28of Kedar;
30of Hazor;
34and of Elam.
39The restoration of Elam.
 
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Chapter 49

Verse 1
Concerning the Ammonites, thus saith the LORD; Hath Israel no sons? hath he no heir? why then doth their king inherit Gad, and his people dwell in his cities?


A. M. 3421. B.C. 583. Concerning. or, Against
7,23,28; 48:1
Ammonites
25:9,21; 27:3; Genesis 19:38; Deuteronomy 2:19; 23:3; 2 Chronicles 20:1,23; Psalms 83:7; Ezekiel 21:28-32; 25:2-10; Amos 1:13-15; Zephaniah 2:8-11
their king
or, Melcom.
Judges 10:7,8; 11:13-15; 1 Samuel 11:1-3; 2 Kings 10:33; 24:2; Nehemiah 2:19; 4:7; Nehemiah 13:1,2
cities
Psalms 9:6

Verse 2
Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will cause an alarm of war to be heard in Rabbah of the Ammonites; and it shall be a desolate heap, and her daughters shall be burned with fire: then shall Israel be heir unto them that were his heirs, saith the LORD.
that I will
4:19; Ezekiel 25:4-6; Amos 1:14
Rabbah
Deuteronomy 3:11; Joshua 13:24,25; Ezekiel 21:20
Rabbath
her daughters
Numbers 21:25; *marg:; 2 Samuel 11:1; 12:27-29; Psalms 48:11; 97:8; Ezekiel 16:46-55
shall Israel
1; Isaiah 14:1-3; Obadiah 1:19

Verse 3
Howl, O Heshbon, for Ai is spoiled: cry, ye daughters of Rabbah, gird you with sackcloth; lament, and run to and fro by the hedges; for their king shall go into captivity, and his priests and his princes together.
Howl
48:20; 51:8; Isaiah 13:6; 14:31; 15:2; 16:7; 23:1,6; James 5:1
gird
4:8; 6:26; 48:37; Isaiah 32:11,12
run
Job 30:3-7; Isaiah 15:2
their king
or, Melcom.
1; 1 Kings 11:5,33; 2 Kings 23:13
Milcom
Zephaniah 1:5
Malcham
shall go
46:25; 48:7; Amos 1:15

Verse 4
Wherefore gloriest thou in the valleys, thy flowing valley, O backsliding daughter? that trusted in her treasures, saying, Who shall come unto me?
gloriest
9:23; Isaiah 28:1-4; 47:7,8; Revelation 18:7
thy flowing valley
or, they valley floweth away. O backsliding.
3:14; 7:24; Hosea 4:16
trusted
48:7; Psalms 49:6; 52:7; 62:10; Proverbs 10:15; Ezekiel 28:4-7; 1 Timothy 6:17
Who
16; 21:13; Obadiah 1:4,5

Verse 5
Behold, I will bring a fear upon thee, saith the Lord GOD of hosts, from all those that be about thee; and ye shall be driven out every man right forth; and none shall gather up him that wandereth.
I will
29; 15:8; 20:4; 48:41-44; Joshua 2:9; 2 Kings 7:6,7; 19:7; Job 15:21; Proverbs 28:1
ye shall
46:5; Amos 4:3
none
Isaiah 16:3; Obadiah 1:12-14

Verse 6
And afterward I will bring again the captivity of the children of Ammon, saith the LORD.
39; 46:26; 48:47; Isaiah 19:18-23; 23:18; Ezekiel 16:53

Verse 7
Concerning Edom, thus saith the LORD of hosts; Is wisdom no more in Teman? is counsel perished from the prudent? is their wisdom vanished?
Edom
25:9,21; Genesis 25:30; 27:41; 36:8; Numbers 20:14-21; 24:17,18; Deuteronomy 23:7; Psalms 83:4-10; 137:7; Isaiah 34:1-17; 63:1-6; Ezekiel 25:12-14; 35:1-15; Daniel 11:41; Joel 3:19; Amos 1:11,12; Obadiah 1:1-9; Malachi 1:3,4
Is wisdom
18:18; Job 5:12-14; Isaiah 19:11-13; 29:14; Obadiah 1:8; Romans 1:22,23
Teman
20; Genesis 36:11,15; 1 Chronicles 1:53; Job 2:11; 4:1; Ezekiel 25:13; Amos 1:12; Obadiah 1:9; Habakkuk 3:3

Verse 8
Flee ye, turn back, dwell deep, O inhabitants of Dedan; for I will bring the calamity of Esau upon him, the time that I will visit him.
Flee
30; 6:1; 48:6; Matthew 24:15-18; Revelation 6:15
turn back
or, they are turned back. dwell.
48:28; Judges 6:2; 1 Samuel 13:6; Isaiah 2:21; Amos 9:1-3; Obadiah 1:3,4
Dedan
25:23; Isaiah 21:13
for
32; 46:21; 48:44; Lamentations 4:21,22

Verse 9
If grapegatherers come to thee, would they not leave some gleaning grapes? if thieves by night, they will destroy till they have enough.
grape-gatherers
Isaiah 17:6; Obadiah 1:5,6
till they have enough
Heb. their sufficiency.

Verse 10
But I have made Esau bare, I have uncovered his secret places, and he shall not be able to hide himself: his seed is spoiled, and his brethren, and his neighbours, and he is not.
I have made
Malachi 1:3,4; Romans 9:13
his secret
23:24; Isaiah 45:3; Amos 9:3
his seed
Psalms 37:28; Isaiah 14:20-22; Obadiah 1:9
he is not
Psalms 37:35,36; Isaiah 17:14

Verse 11
Leave thy fatherless children, I will preserve them alive; and let thy widows trust in me.
thy fatherless
Deuteronomy 10:18; Psalms 10:14-18; 68:5; 82:3; 146:9; Proverbs 23:10,11; Hosea 14:3; Jonah 4:11; Malachi 3:5; James 1:27
let thy
1 Timothy 5:5

Verse 12
For thus saith the LORD; Behold, they whose judgment was not to drink of the cup have assuredly drunken; and art thou he that shall altogether go unpunished? thou shalt not go unpunished, but thou shalt surely drink of it.
they whose
25:28,29; 30:11; 46:27; Proverbs 17:5; Lamentations 4:21,22; Obadiah 1:16; 1 Peter 4:17,18

Verse 13
For I have sworn by myself, saith the LORD, that Bozrah shall become a desolation, a reproach, a waste, and a curse; and all the cities thereof shall be perpetual wastes.
I have
44:26; Genesis 22:16; Isaiah 45:23; Ezekiel 35:11; Amos 6:8
Bozrah
22; Genesis 36:33; Isaiah 34:6; 63:1; Amos 1:12
a desolation
17,18; Isaiah 34:9-15; Ezekiel 25:13,14; 35:2-15; Joel 3:19; Obadiah 1:18; Malachi 1:3,4

Verse 14
I have heard a rumour from the LORD, and an ambassador is sent unto the heathen, saying, Gather ye together, and come against her, and rise up to the battle.
heard
51:46; Isaiah 37:7; Ezekiel 7:25,26; Obadiah 1:1; Matthew 24:6
an ambassador
Isaiah 18:2,3; 30:4
Gather
50:9-16; 51:11,27,28; Isaiah 13:2,3

Verse 15
For, lo, I will make thee small among the heathen, and despised among men.
1 Samuel 2:7,8,30; Psalms 53:5; Obadiah 1:2; Micah 7:10; Luke 1:51

Verse 16
Thy terribleness hath deceived thee, and the pride of thine heart, O thou that dwellest in the clefts of the rock, that holdest the height of the hill: though thou shouldest make thy nest as high as the eagle, I will bring thee down from thence, saith the LORD.
terribleness
48:29; Proverbs 16:18; 18:21; 29:23; Isaiah 25:4,5; 49:25; Obadiah 1:3
dwellest
Song of Solomon 2:14; Isaiah 2:21
though
48:28; Job 39:27; Isaiah 14:13-15; Ezekiel 28:11-19; Amos 9:2; Obadiah 1:4

Verse 17
Also Edom shall be a desolation: every one that goeth by it shall be astonished, and shall hiss at all the plagues thereof.
Edom
13; Isaiah 34:9-15; Ezekiel 25:13; 35:7,15
every
18:16; 50:13
shall hiss
51:37; 1 Kings 9:8; 2 Chronicles 7:20,21; Lamentations 2:15,16; Micah 6:16; Zephaniah 2:15

Verse 18
As in the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighbour cities thereof, saith the LORD, no man shall abide there, neither shall a son of man dwell in it.
in the
50:40; Genesis 19:24,25; Deuteronomy 29:23; Psalms 11:6; Isaiah 13:19-22; Amos 4:11; Zephaniah 2:9; 2 Peter 2:6; Jude 1:7
no man
33; Job 18:15-18; Isaiah 34:10; Revelation 18:21-23

Verse 19
Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the swelling of Jordan against the habitation of the strong: but I will suddenly make him run away from her: and who is a chosen man, that I may appoint over her? for who is like me? and who will appoint me the time? and who is that shepherd that will stand before me?
he shall come
4:7; 50:44-46; Zechariah 11:3
the swelling
12:5; Joshua 3:15; 1 Chronicles 12:15
who is like
Exodus 15:11; Psalms 89:6,8; 113:5,6; Isaiah 40:25
appoint me the time
or, convent me in judgment.
Job 9:19,21; 23:3-7; 40:2-8; 42:3-5; Psalms 143:2
that shepherd
30:21; Job 41:10; Psalms 76:7; Nahum 1:6; Revelation 6:17

Verse 20
Therefore hear the counsel of the LORD, that he hath taken against Edom; and his purposes, that he hath purposed against the inhabitants of Teman: Surely the least of the flock shall draw them out: surely he shall make their habitations desolate with them.
the counsel
50:45; Psalms 33:11; Proverbs 19:21; Isaiah 14:24-27; 46:10,11; Acts 4:28; Ephesians 1:11
Teman
7; Job 6:19,20
Surely
The prophet having given the name of the shepherd to the generals of the army, pursues the same metaphor, calling the common soldiers, "the least of the flock;" who shall have strength and courage enough to the defeat the Idumean forces.
37:10; 50:45; Zechariah 4:6; 1 Corinthians 1:27-29
make
13,17,18; Malachi 1:3,4

Verse 21
The earth is moved at the noise of their fall, at the cry the noise thereof was heard in the Red sea.
earth
50:46; Isaiah 14:4-15; Ezekiel 26:15-18; 21:16; 32:10; Revelation 18:10
Red sea
Heb. Weedy sea.

Verse 22
Behold, he shall come up and fly as the eagle, and spread his wings over Bozrah: and at that day shall the heart of the mighty men of Edom be as the heart of a woman in her pangs.
he shall
4:13; 48:40,41; Deuteronomy 28:49; Daniel 7:4; Hosea 8:1
Bozrah
the heart of the
24; 4:31; 6:24; 13:21; 22:23; 30:6; 48:41; Psalms 18:5; Isaiah 13:8; 21:3; Isaiah 26:17; 1 Thessalonians 5:3

Verse 23
Concerning Damascus. Hamath is confounded, and Arpad: for they have heard evil tidings: they are fainthearted; there is sorrow on the sea; it cannot be quiet.
Damascus
Genesis 14:15; 15:2; 1 Kings 11:24; Isaiah 17:1-3; 37:13; Amos 1:3-5; Zechariah 9:1,2; 2 Corinthians 11:32
Hamath
Numbers 13:21; 2 Samuel 8:9; 2 Kings 17:24; 18:34; 19:13; Isaiah 10:9; 11:11
faint-hearted
Heb. melted.
Deuteronomy 20:8; *marg:; Joshua 2:11; 14:8; 2 Samuel 17:10; Isaiah 13:7; Nahum 2:10
sorrow
Isaiah 57:20
on the sea
or, as on the sea.
Psalms 107:26,27; Luke 8:23,24; 21:25,26; Acts 27:20

Verse 24
Damascus is waxed feeble, and turneth herself to flee, and fear hath seized on her: anguish and sorrows have taken her, as a woman in travail.
anguish

Verse 25
How is the city of praise not left, the city of my joy!
33:9; 48:2,39; 51:41; Psalms 37:35,36; Isaiah 1:26; 14:4-6; Daniel 4:30; Revelation 18:10,16-19

Verse 26
Therefore her young men shall fall in her streets, and all the men of war shall be cut off in that day, saith the LORD of hosts.
9:21; 11:22; 50:30; 51:3,4; Lamentations 2:21; Ezekiel 27:27; Amos 4:10

Verse 27
And I will kindle a fire in the wall of Damascus, and it shall consume the palaces of Benhadad.
I will
Amos 1:3-5
Ben-hadad
1 Kings 15:18-20; 20:1-22; 2 Kings 13:5

Verse 28
Concerning Kedar, and concerning the kingdoms of Hazor, which Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon shall smite, thus saith the LORD; Arise ye, go up to Kedar, and spoil the men of the east.
Kedar
2:10; Genesis 25:13; 1 Chronicles 1:29; Song of Solomon 1:5; Isaiah 21:13,16,17; 42:11; Ezekiel 27:21
Hazor
30,33
Arise
14,31; 50:14-16; Isaiah 13:2-5
spoil
Genesis 25:6; Judges 6:3; Job 1:3; Isaiah 11:14

Verse 29
Their tents and their flocks shall they take away: they shall take to themselves their curtains, and all their vessels, and their camels; and they shall cry unto them, Fear is on every side.
tents
Psalms 120:5; Isaiah 13:20; 60:7
curtains
4:20; 10:20; Habakkuk 3:7
camels
Genesis 37:25; Judges 6:5; 7:12; 8:21,26; 1 Chronicles 5:20,21; Job 1:3
Fear
24; 6:25; 20:3,4; *marg:; 46:5; Psalms 31:13; 2 Corinthians 4:8; 7:5

Verse 30
Flee, get you far off, dwell deep, O ye inhabitants of Hazor, saith the LORD; for Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon hath taken counsel against you, and hath conceived a purpose against you.
get you far off
Heb. flit greatly. dwell.
for
25:9,24,25; 27:6; Isaiah 10:7

Verse 31
Arise, get you up unto the wealthy nation, that dwelleth without care, saith the LORD, which have neither gates nor bars, which dwell alone.
wealthy nations
or, nation that is at ease.
48:11; Psalms 123:4; Isaiah 32:9,11
that
Judges 18:7-10,27; Isaiah 47:8; Ezekiel 30:9; 38:11; 39:6; Nahum 1:12; Zephaniah 2:15
which dwell
Numbers 23:9; Deuteronomy 33:28; Judges 18:28; Micah 7:14

Verse 32
And their camels shall be a booty, and the multitude of their cattle a spoil: and I will scatter into all winds them that are in the utmost corners; and I will bring their calamity from all sides thereof, saith the LORD.
their camels
I will scatter
36; Deuteronomy 28:64; Ezekiel 5:10,12; 12:14,15
in the utmost corners
Heb. cut off into corners, or, that have the corners of their hair polled.
9:26; 25:23; *margins

Verse 33
And Hazor shall be a dwelling for dragons, and a desolation for ever: there shall no man abide there, nor any son of man dwell in it.
Hazor
Hazor as well as Kedar, with which it is joined, (ver. 28,) was no doubt situated in Arabia, and a place of considerable importance; but it is now no more, and its very name seems to have perished.
a dwelling
17,18; 9:11; 10:22; 50:39,40; 51:37; Isaiah 13:20-22; 14:23; 34:9-17; Zephaniah 2:9,13-15; Malachi 1:3; Revelation 18:2,21,22

Verse 34
The word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah the prophet against Elam in the beginning of the reign of Zedekiah king of Judah, saying,
Cir
A.M. 3406. B.C. 598. Elam. Elam, the Elyma´s of the Greeks and Romans, was properly a province of the Persian empire, between Media and Susiana; but sometimes the name Elam is used in a larger sense, including Susiana and other provinces, (see Da 8:2,) all of which were subdued by Nebuchadnezzar, and afterwards restored and raised to dignity by Cyrus.
25:25; Genesis 10:22; 14:1; Ezra 4:9; Isaiah 21:2; Ezekiel 32:24,25; Daniel 8:2; Acts 2:9

Verse 35
Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Behold, I will break the bow of Elam, the chief of their might.
break
50:14,29; 51:56; Psalms 46:9; Isaiah 22:6
the bow
Strabo says that the mountainous part of Elyma´s chiefly bred archers; and Livy speaks of ElymŠi sagittarii, "the Elymean archers."

Verse 36
And upon Elam will I bring the four winds from the four quarters of heaven, and will scatter them toward all those winds; and there shall be no nation whither the outcasts of Elam shall not come.
the four winds
Daniel 7:2,3; 8:8,22; 11:4; Revelation 7:1
scatter
32; Deuteronomy 28:25,64; Ezekiel 5:10,12; Amos 9:9
the outcasts
30:17; Psalms 147:2; Isaiah 11:12; 16:3,4; 27:13; 56:8

Verse 37
For I will cause Elam to be dismayed before their enemies, and before them that seek their life: and I will bring evil upon them, even my fierce anger, saith the LORD; and I will send the sword after them, till I have consumed them:
to be
5,22,24,29; 48:39; 50:36; Psalms 48:4-6; Ezekiel 32:23; *marg:
their enemies
34:20,21
I will send the sword
9:16; 48:2; Leviticus 26:33; Ezekiel 5:2,12; 12:14

Verse 38
And I will set my throne in Elam, and will destroy from thence the king and the princes, saith the LORD.
43:10; Daniel 7:9-14

Verse 39
But it shall come to pass in the latter days, that I will bring again the captivity of Elam, saith the LORD.
in the
48:47; Isaiah 2:2; Ezekiel 38:16; Daniel 2:28; 10:14; Hosea 3:5; Micah 4:1
I will
6; Job 42:10; Ezekiel 16:53-55; 29:14; 39:25; Amos 9:14


Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Jeremiah 49". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=jer&chapter=049>.  

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