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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1Pashur, smiting Jeremiah, receives a new name, and a fearful doom.
7Jeremiah complains of contempt;
10of treachery;
14and of his birth.
 
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Chapter 20

Verse 1
Now Pashur the son of Immer the priest, who was also chief governor in the house of the LORD, heard that Jeremiah prophesied these things.


Immer
1 Chronicles 24:14; Ezra 2:37,38; Nehemiah 7:40,41
chief
2 Kings 25:18; 2 Chronicles 35:8; Acts 4:1; 5:24

Verse 2
Then Pashur smote Jeremiah the prophet, and put him in the stocks that were in the high gate of Benjamin, which was by the house of the LORD.
smote
1:19; 19:14,15; 26:8; 29:26; 36:26; 37:15,16; 38:6; 1 Kings 22:27; 2 Chronicles 16:10; 24:21; Amos 7:10-13; Matthew 5:10-12; 21:35; 23:34-37; Acts 4:3; Acts 5:18,40; 7:52; 16:22-24; Hebrews 11:36,37; Revelation 2:10; 17:6
the stocks
Hammahpecheth, from haphach, "to overturn, subvert, distort," generally denotes an overthrow, (De 29:22. Isa 1:7; 10:19,) and seems to signify here a sort of stocks, by which the limbs were distorted into uneasy postures. So the Chaldee, keephtha and Jerome, nervus, which he explains in his comment as "a kind of wooden fetter, into which the feet were thrust, vinculi lignei genus, cui pedes inseruntur. Some learned men understand it as merely signifying a place of confinement, or house of correction; but the word is never used for any of the prisons into which the prophet was afterwards cast; and the punishment seems to have been public and ignominious.
in the high
37:13; 38:7; Zechariah 14:10

Verse 3
And it came to pass on the morrow, that Pashur brought forth Jeremiah out of the stocks. Then said Jeremiah unto him, The LORD hath not called thy name Pashur, but Magormissabib.
Pashur
Acts 4:5-7; 16:30,35-39
hath
7:32; 19:2,6; Genesis 17:5,15; 32:28; Isaiah 8:3; Hosea 1:4-9
Magor-missabib
this is, Fear round about.
10; 6:25; 46:5; 29:29; Psalms 31:13; Lamentations 2:22

Verse 4
For thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will make thee a terror to thyself, and to all thy friends: and they shall fall by the sword of their enemies, and thine eyes shall behold it: and I will give all Judah into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall carry them captive into Babylon, and shall slay them with the sword.
I will make
Deuteronomy 28:65-67; Job 18:11-21; 20:23-26; Psalms 73:19; Ezekiel 26:17-21; Matthew 27:4,5
thine
29:21; 39:6,7; Deuteronomy 28:32-34; 1 Samuel 2:33; 2 Kings 25:7
I will give
19:15; 21:4-10; 25:9; 32:27-31

Verse 5
Moreover I will deliver all the strength of this city, and all the labours thereof, and all the precious things thereof, and all the treasures of the kings of Judah will I give into the hand of their enemies, which shall spoil them, and take them, and carry them to Babylon.
I will deliver
3:24; 4:20; 12:12; 15:13; 24:8-10; 27:19-22; 32:3-5; 39:2,8; 52:7-23; 2 Kings 20:17,18; 24:12-16; 25:13-17; 2 Chronicles 36:10,17-19; Lamentations 1:7,10; Lamentations 4:12; Ezekiel 22:25; Daniel 1:2
labours
The word labours is here used for the produce of labour.

Verse 6
And thou, Pashur, and all that dwell in thine house shall go into captivity: and thou shalt come to Babylon, and there thou shalt die, and shalt be buried there, thou, and all thy friends, to whom thou hast prophesied lies.
thou
Pashur.
28:15-17; 29:21,22,32; Acts 13:8-11
thy friends
4; 5:31; 6:13-15; 8:10,11; 14:14,15; 23:14-17,25,26,32; Isaiah 9:15; Lamentations 2:14; Ezekiel 13:4-16,22,23; 22:28; Micah 2:11; Zechariah 13:3; 2 Peter 2:1-3
thou hast
Leviticus 26:17; Deuteronomy 28:25

Verse 7
O LORD, thou hast deceived me, and I was deceived: thou art stronger than I, and hast prevailed: I am in derision daily, every one mocketh me.
deceived
or, enticed.
1:6-8,18,19; 15:18; 17:16; Exodus 5:22,23; Numbers 11:11-15
thou art
9; Ezekiel 3:14; Micah 3:8; 1 Corinthians 9:6
I am
15:10; 29:26; 2 Kings 2:23; Psalms 22:6,7; 35:15,16; 69:9-12; Lamentations 3:14; Hosea 9:7; Luke 16:14; 22:63,64; 23:11,35,36; Acts 17:18,32; 1 Corinthians 4:9-13; Hebrews 11:36

Verse 8
For since I spake, I cried out, I cried violence and spoil; because the word of the LORD was made a reproach unto me, and a derision, daily.
I cried
4:19-22; 5:1,6,15-17; 6:6,7; 7:9; 13:13,14; 15:1-4,13,14; 17:27; 18:16,17; 19:7-11; 28:8
the word
7; 6:10; 2 Chronicles 36:16; Lamentations 3:61-63; Luke 11:45; Hebrews 11:26; 13:13; 1 Peter 4:14

Verse 9
Then I said, I will not make mention of him, nor speak any more in his name. But his word was in mine heart as a burning fire shut up in my bones, and I was weary with forbearing, and I could not stay.
I will
1 Kings 19:3,4; John 1:2,3; 4:2,3; Luke 9:62; Acts 15:37,38
was in
6:11; Job 32:18-20; Psalms 39:3; Ezekiel 3:14; Acts 4:20; 17:16; 18:5; 1 Corinthians 9:16,17; 2 Corinthians 5:13-15

Verse 10
For I heard the defaming of many, fear on every side. Report, say they, and we will report it. All my familiars watched for my halting, saying, Peradventure he will be enticed, and we shall prevail against him, and we shall take our revenge on him.
I heard
Psalms 31:13; 57:4; 64:2-4; Matthew 26:59,60
fear
Report
18:18; Nehemiah 6:6-13; Proverbs 10:18; Isaiah 29:21; Ezekiel 22:9; Luke 20:20; Acts 6:11-15; 24:1-9,13
All my familiars
Heb. Every man of my peace.
Job 19:19; Psalms 41:9; 55:13,14; Luke 11:53,54; 12:52,53
we shall
1 Kings 19:2; 21:20; 22:8,27; Mark 6:19-28; Acts 5:33; 7:54; 23:12-15

Verse 11
But the LORD is with me as a mighty terrible one: therefore my persecutors shall stumble, and they shall not prevail: they shall be greatly ashamed; for they shall not prosper: their everlasting confusion shall never be forgotten.
the Lord
1:8,19; 15:20; Isaiah 41:10,14; Romans 8:31; 2 Timothy 4:17
a mighty
Psalms 47:2; 65:5; 66:5
my
17:18; Deuteronomy 32:35,36; Psalms 27:1,2; John 18:4-6
and they
1:19; 15:20
everlasting
23:40; Psalms 6:10; 35:26; 40:14; Isaiah 45:16; Daniel 12:2

Verse 12
But, O LORD of hosts, that triest the righteous, and seest the reins and the heart, let me see thy vengeance on them: for unto thee have I opened my cause.
that
17:10; Psalms 7:9; 11:5; 17:3; 26:2,3; 139:23; Revelation 2:23
let me
11:20; 12:8; 17:18; 18:19-23; 2 Chronicles 24:22; Psalms 54:7; 59:10; 109:6-20; Revelation 6:10; 18:20; 19:2,3
for
1 Samuel 1:15; Psalms 62:8; 86:4; Isaiah 37:14; 38:14; 1 Peter 2:23; 4:19

Verse 13
Sing unto the LORD, praise ye the LORD: for he hath delivered the soul of the poor from the hand of evildoers.
for
Psalms 34:6; 35:9-11; 69:33; 72:4; 109:30,31; Isaiah 25:4; James 2:5,6

Verse 14
Cursed be the day wherein I was born: let not the day wherein my mother bare me be blessed.
15:10; Job 3:3-16

Verse 15
Cursed be the man who brought tidings to my father, saying, A man child is born unto thee; making him very glad.
A man
1:5; Genesis 21:5,6; Luke 1:14

Verse 16
And let that man be as the cities which the LORD overthrew, and repented not: and let him hear the cry in the morning, and the shouting at noontide;
as
Genesis 19:24,25; Deuteronomy 29:23; Hosea 11:8; Amos 4:11; Zephaniah 2:9; Luke 17:29; 2 Peter 2:6; Jude 1:7
repented
18:8; 26:13; Jonah 3:4,9,10; 4:2
let him
4:19; 18:22; 48:3,4; Ezekiel 21:22; Hosea 10:14; Amos 1:14; 2:2; Zephaniah 1:16

Verse 17
Because he slew me not from the womb; or that my mother might have been my grave, and her womb to be always great with me.
he slew
Job 3:10,11,16; 10:18,19; Ecclesiastes 6:3

Verse 18
Wherefore came I forth out of the womb to see labour and sorrow, that my days should be consumed with shame?
came
Job 3:20; 14:1,13; Lamentations 3:1
to see
8:18; Genesis 3:16-19; Psalms 90:10; Lamentations 1:12; John 16:20; Hebrews 10:36
with
Psalms 69:19; Isaiah 1:6; 51:7; Acts 5:41; 1 Corinthians 4:9-13; 2 Timothy 1:12; Hebrews 11:36; Hebrews 12:2; 13:13; 1 Peter 4:14-16


Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Jeremiah 20". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=jer&chapter=020>.  

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