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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1He prophesies a restoration of the scattered flock.
5Christ shall rule and save them.
9Against false prophets;
33and mockers of the true prophets.
 
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Chapter 23

Verse 1
Woe be unto the pastors that destroy and scatter the sheep of my pasture! saith the LORD.


Woe
2:8,26; Ezekiel 13:3; 34:2; Zechariah 11:17; Matthew 23:13-29; Luke 11:42-52
pastors
2,11-15; 2:8; 10:21; 12:10; 22:22; 25:34-36; 50:6; Isaiah 56:9-12; Ezekiel 22:25-29; 34:2-10,21; Micah 3:11,12; Zephaniah 3:3,4; Zechariah 11:5-7,15-17; Matthew 9:36; 15:14; John 10:10,12

Verse 2
Therefore thus saith the LORD God of Israel against the pastors that feed my people; Ye have scattered my flock, and driven them away, <I>and have
not visited them: behold, I will visit upon you the evil of your doings, saith the LORD.
and have
Matthew 25:36,43; James 1:27
I
34; *marg:; 5:9,29; 8:12; 11:22; 13:21; *margins; Exodus 32:34; Hosea 2:13; Micah 7:4

Verse 3
And I will gather the remnant of my flock out of all countries whither I have driven them, and will bring them again to their folds; and they shall be fruitful and increase.
29:14; 30:3; 31:8; 32:37; Deuteronomy 30:3-5; Psalms 106:47; Isaiah 11:11-16; Isaiah 27:12,13; 43:5,6; Ezekiel 11:17; 34:13-31; 36:24,37; 37:21-27; Ezekiel 39:27,28; Amos 9:14,15; Micah 7:12; Zephaniah 3:19,20; Zechariah 10:8-12

Verse 4
And I will set up shepherds over them which shall feed them: and they shall fear no more, nor be dismayed, neither shall they be lacking, saith the LORD.
I
3:14,15; 33:26; Psalms 78:70-72; Isaiah 11:11; Ezekiel 34:23-31; Hosea 3:3-5; Micah 5:2,4,5; 7:14; John 21:15-17; Acts 20:28,29; 1 Peter 5:1-4
neither
Numbers 31:49; John 6:39,40; 10:27-30; 17:12; 18:9; 1 Peter 1:5

Verse 5
Behold, <I>the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth.
the days
30:3; 31:27,31-38; 33:14; Hebrews 8:8
I
33:15; Psalms 72:1,2; Isaiah 32:1,2; 40:10,11; Daniel 9:24; Amos 9:11; Zechariah 9:9; Revelation 19:11
Branch
Psalms 80:15; Isaiah 4:2; 11:1-5; 40:9,11; 53:2; Ezekiel 17:2-10,22-24; 34:29; Zechariah 3:8; 6:12,13; John 1:45
reign
22:30; Psalms 45:4; Isaiah 9:7; 52:13; *marg:; Isaiah 53:10; Luke 1:32,33
and shall
22:3,15; Psalms 72:2

Verse 6
In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.
Judah
Deuteronomy 33:28,29; Psalms 130:7,8; Isaiah 12:1,2; 33:22; 45:17; Ezekiel 37:24-28; Hosea 1:7; Obadiah 1:17,21; Zechariah 10:6; Matthew 1:21; Luke 1:71-74; 19:9,10; Romans 11:26,27
dwell
30:10; 32:37; 1 Kings 4:25; Isaiah 2:4; 35:9; Ezekiel 34:25-28; Hosea 2:18; Zephaniah 3:13; Zechariah 2:4,5; 3:10; 14:9-11
and this
Isaiah 7:14; 9:6; Matthew 1:21-23
THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS
Heb. JEHOVAH-tsidkenu.
33:16; Isaiah 45:24,25; 54:17; Daniel 9:24; Romans 3:22; 1 Corinthians 1:30; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Philippians 3:9

Verse 7
Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that they shall no more say, The LORD liveth, which brought up the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt;
3; 16:14,15; 31:31-34; Isaiah 43:18,19

Verse 8
But, The LORD liveth, which brought up and which led the seed of the house of Israel out of the north country, and from all countries whither I had driven them; and they shall dwell in their own land.
3; Isaiah 14:1; 27:12,13; 43:5,6; 65:8-10; Ezekiel 34:13; 36:24; 37:25; Ezekiel 39:28; Zephaniah 3:20; Amos 9:14,15

Verse 9
Mine heart within me is broken because of the prophets; all my bones shake; I am like a drunken man, and like a man whom wine hath overcome, because of the LORD, and because of the words of his holiness.
A. M. 3399. B.C. 605. heart
9:1; 14:17,18; 2 Kings 22:19,20; Ezekiel 9:4,6; Daniel 8:27; Habakkuk 3:16
because
5:31
like a drunken
25:15-18; Psalms 60:3; Isaiah 6:5; 28:1; 29:9; 51:21; Lamentations 3:15; Romans 7:9

Verse 10
For the land is full of adulterers; for because of swearing the land mourneth; the pleasant places of the wilderness are dried up, and their course is evil, and their force is not right.
full
5:7,8; 7:9; 9:2; Ezekiel 22:9-11; Hosea 4:2,3; Malachi 3:5; 1 Corinthians 6:9,10; Galatians 5:19-21; Hebrews 13:4; James 4:4
because
Zechariah 5:3,4; 1 Timothy 1:10
swearing
Heb. cursing. the land.
12:3,4; 14:2; Lamentations 1:2-4; Joel 1:10
the pleasant
9:10; Psalms 107:34; Isaiah 24:6
course
or, violence.

Verse 11
For both prophet and priest are profane; yea, in my house have I found their wickedness, saith the LORD.
both
15; 5:31; 6:13; 8:10; Ezekiel 22:25,26; Zephaniah 3:4
in
7:10,11,30; 11:15; 32:34; 2 Chronicles 33:5,7; 36:14; Ezekiel 7:20; Ezekiel 8:5,6,11,16; 23:39; Matthew 21:12,13

Verse 12
Wherefore their way shall be unto them as slippery ways in the darkness: they shall be driven on, and fall therein: for I will bring evil upon them, even the year of their visitation, saith the LORD.
as
13:16; Psalms 35:6; 73:18; Proverbs 4:19
in the
Job 18:18; Isaiah 8:22; John 12:35; 1 John 2:11; Jude 1:13
the year
11:23; 23:12; 48:44; 50:27; Exodus 32:34; Micah 7:4

Verse 13
And I have seen folly in the prophets of Samaria; they prophesied in Baal, and caused my people Israel to err.
folly
or, an absurd thing. Heb. unsavoury. prophets.
Hosea 9:7,8
prophesied
2:8; 1 Kings 18:18-21,25-28,40
and
2 Chronicles 33:9; Isaiah 9:16

Verse 14
I have seen also in the prophets of Jerusalem an horrible thing: they commit adultery, and walk in lies: they strengthen also the hands of evildoers, that none doth return from his wickedness: they are all of them unto me as Sodom, and the inhabitants thereof as Gomorrah.
in the
5:30,31; 14:14; 23:32; Ezekiel 13:2-4,16; 22:25; Isaiah 41:6,7; Micah 3:11; Zephaniah 3:4; 2 Peter 2:1,2
an horrible thing
or, filthiness.
18:13
they commit
29:23; 2 Peter 2:14-19
walk
17,25,26,32; 14:14; Ezekiel 22:25; 2 Thessalonians 2:9-11; 1 Timothy 4:2; Revelation 19:20; Revelation 21:8; 22:15
strengthen
Ezekiel 13:22,23
Sodom
Genesis 13:13; 18:20; Deuteronomy 32:32; Isaiah 1:9,10; Ezekiel 16:46-52; Malachi 1:1; Matthew 11:24; 2 Peter 2:6; Jude 1:7; Revelation 11:8

Verse 15
Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts concerning the prophets; Behold, I will feed them with wormwood, and make them drink the water of gall: for from the prophets of Jerusalem is profaneness gone forth into all the land.
will
8:14; 9:15; Psalms 69:21; Lamentations 3:5,15,19; Matthew 27:34; Revelation 8:11
profaneness
or, hypocrisy.

Verse 16
Thus saith the LORD of hosts, Hearken not unto the words of the prophets that prophesy unto you: they make you vain: they speak a vision of their own heart, and not out of the mouth of the LORD.
Hearken
27:9,10,14-17; 29:8; Proverbs 19:27; Matthew 7:15; 2 Corinthians 11:13-15; Galatians 1:8,9; 1 John 4:1
they make
2:5; 2 Kings 17:15; Romans 1:21
a vision
21,26; 14:14; Ezekiel 13:3,6,16,23; 22:28; Micah 2:11

Verse 17
They say still unto them that despise me, The LORD hath said, Ye shall have peace; and they say unto every one that walketh after the imagination of his own heart, No evil shall come upon you.
that despise
Numbers 11:20; 1 Samuel 2:30; 2 Samuel 12:10; Malachi 1:6; Luke 10:16; 1 Thessalonians 4:8
Ye
4:10; 6:14; 8:11; 14:13,14; 28:3-9; Isaiah 3:10,11; 57:21; Lamentations 2:14; Ezekiel 13:10,15,16,22; Micah 3:5,11; Zechariah 10:2
imagination
or, stubbornness.
3:17; 7:24; 9:14; 13:10; Deuteronomy 29:19
No
18:18; Amos 9:10; Micah 3:11; Zephaniah 1:12

Verse 18
For who hath stood in the counsel of the LORD, and hath perceived and heard his word? who hath marked his word, and heard it?
who
22; 1 Kings 22:24; Job 15:8-10; 2 Chronicles 18:23; Isaiah 40:13,14; 1 Corinthians 2:16
counsel
or, secret.
Psalms 25:14; Amos 3:7; John 15:15

Verse 19
Behold, a whirlwind of the LORD is gone forth in fury, even a grievous whirlwind: it shall fall grievously upon the head of the wicked.
4:11; 25:32; 30:23; Psalms 58:9; Proverbs 1:27; 10:25; Isaiah 5:25-28; 21:1; Isaiah 40:24; 66:15,16; Amos 1:14; Nahum 1:3-6; Zechariah 9:14

Verse 20
The anger of the LORD shall not return, until he have executed, and till he have performed the thoughts of his heart: in the latter days ye shall consider it perfectly.
until
30:24; Isaiah 14:24; Zechariah 1:6; 8:14,15
in the
Genesis 49:1; Deuteronomy 31:29,30; 1 Kings 8:47; Proverbs 5:11-14; 21:30; Hosea 3:4,5

Verse 21
I have not sent these prophets, yet they ran: I have not spoken to them, yet they prophesied.
32; 14:14; 27:15; 28:15; 29:9,31; Isaiah 6:8; John 20:21; Acts 13:4; Romans 10:15

Verse 22
But if they had stood in my counsel, and had caused my people to hear my words, then they should have turned them from their evil way, and from the evil of their doings.
if
18; Ezekiel 2:7; 3:17; Acts 20:27
then
25:5; 35:15; 36:3; Ezekiel 13:22; 18:30; Zechariah 1:4; Acts 26:18-20; 1 Thessalonians 1:9,10; 5:6

Verse 23
Am I a God at hand, saith the LORD, and not a God afar off?
1 Kings 20:23,28; Psalms 113:5; 139:1-10; Ezekiel 20:32-35; Jonah 1:3,4

Verse 24
Can any hide himself in secret places that I shall not see him? saith the LORD. Do not I fill heaven and earth? saith the LORD.
hide
49:10; Genesis 16:13; Job 22:13,14; 24:13-16; Psalms 10:11; 90:8; Psalms 139:7,11-16; Proverbs 15:3; Isaiah 29:15; Ezekiel 8:12; 9:9; Amos 9:2,3
Do
1 Kings 8:27; 2 Chronicles 2:6; 6:18; Psalms 148:13; Isaiah 57:15; 66:1; Daniel 4:35; Ephesians 1:23

Verse 25
I have heard what the prophets said, that prophesy lies in my name, saying, I have dreamed, I have dreamed.
heard
8:6; 13:27; 16:17; 29:23; Psalms 139:2,4; Luke 12:3; 1 Corinthians 4:5; Hebrews 4:13; Revelation 2:23
dreamed
28,32; 29:8; Genesis 37:5,9; Numbers 12:6; Joel 2:28; Matthew 1:20

Verse 26
How long shall this be in the heart of the prophets that prophesy lies? yea, they are prophets of the deceit of their own heart;
How
4:14; 13:27; Psalms 4:2; Hosea 8:5; Acts 13:10
prophets of
14:14; 17:9; Isaiah 30:10; 2 Thessalonians 2:9-11; 1 Timothy 4:1,2; 2 Timothy 4:3; 2 Peter 2:13-16

Verse 27
Which think to cause my people to forget my name by their dreams which they tell every man to his neighbour, as their fathers have forgotten my name for Baal.
think
Deuteronomy 13:1-5; Acts 13:8; 2 Timothy 2:17,18; 3:6-8
as
Judges 3:7; 8:33,34; 10:6; 2 Kings 21:3

Verse 28
The prophet that hath a dream, let him tell a dream; and he that hath my word, let him speak my word faithfully. What is the chaff to the wheat? saith the LORD.
that hath
Heb. with whom is. speak.
Proverbs 14:5; Matthew 24:45; Luke 12:42; 1 Corinthians 4:2; 2 Corinthians 2:17; 1 Timothy 1:12
What
That is, when the dreamers declare their dreams, and the true prophets faithfully declare their message, the difference between them will be as evident as that between "the chaff and the wheat."
1 Corinthians 3:12,13

Verse 29
Is not my word like as a fire? saith the LORD; and like a hammer that breaketh the rock in pieces?
like as
5:14; 20:9; Luke 24:32; John 6:63; Acts 2:3,37; 2 Corinthians 2:16; 10:4,5; Hebrews 4:12; Revelation 11:5

Verse 30
Therefore, behold, I am against the prophets, saith the LORD, that steal my words every one from his neighbour.
14:14,15; 44:11,29; Leviticus 20:3; 26:17; Deuteronomy 18:20; 29:20; Psalms 34:16; Ezekiel 13:8,20; 15:7; 1 Peter 3:12

Verse 31
Behold, I am against the prophets, saith the LORD, that use their tongues, and say, He saith.
use
or, smooth.
Isaiah 30:10; Micah 2:11
He
17; 2 Chronicles 18:5,10-12,19-21

Verse 32
Behold, I am against them that prophesy false dreams, saith the LORD, and do tell them, and cause my people to err by their lies, and by their lightness; yet I sent them not, nor commanded them: therefore they shall not profit this people at all, saith the LORD.
to err
16; 27:14-22; 28:15-17; 29:21-23,31; Deuteronomy 13:1-18; 18:20; Isaiah 3:12; Ezekiel 13:7-18; Zechariah 13:2,3; Revelation 19:20
and by
Zephaniah 3:4; 2 Corinthians 1:17
therefore
22; 7:8; Lamentations 2:14; Matthew 15:14

Verse 33
And when this people, or the prophet, or a priest, shall ask thee, saying, <I>What is the burden of the LORD? thou shalt then say unto them, What burden? I will even forsake you, saith the LORD.
What
17:15; 20:7,8; Isaiah 13:1; 14:28; Nahum 1:1; Habakkuk 1:1; Malachi 1:1
I
39,40; 12:7; Deuteronomy 31:17,18; 32:19,20; 2 Chronicles 15:2; Psalms 78:59,60; Hosea 9:12

Verse 34
And as for the prophet, and the priest, and the people, that shall say, The burden of the LORD, I will even punish that man and his house.
punish
Heb. visit upon.

Verse 35
Thus shall ye say every one to his neighbour, and every one to his brother, What hath the LORD answered? and, What hath the LORD spoken?
31:34; Hebrews 8:11

Verse 36
And the burden of the LORD shall ye mention no more: for every man's word shall be his burden; for ye have perverted the words of the living God, of the LORD of hosts our God.
for every
Psalms 12:3; 64:8; 120:3; 149:9; Proverbs 17:20; Isaiah 3:8; Matthew 12:36; Luke 19:22; 2 Peter 2:17,18; Jude 1:15,16
for ye
Isaiah 28:13,14,22; Galatians 1:7-9; 6:5; 2 Peter 3:16
of the
10:10; Deuteronomy 5:26; 1 Samuel 17:26,36; 2 Kings 19:4; Acts 14:15; 1 Thessalonians 1:9

Verse 38
But since ye say, The burden of the LORD; therefore thus saith the LORD; Because ye say this word, The burden of the LORD, and I have sent unto you, saying, Ye shall not say, The burden of the LORD;
ye say
2 Chronicles 11:13,14

Verse 39
Therefore, behold, I, even I, will utterly forget you, and I will forsake you, and the city that I gave you and your fathers, and cast you out of my presence:
I, even I
Genesis 6:17; Leviticus 26:28; Deuteronomy 32:39; Isaiah 48:15; 51:12; Ezekiel 5:8; 6:3; Ezekiel 34:11,20; Proverbs 13:13; Hosea 4:6; 5:14
and I
33; 32:28-35; 35:17; 36:31; Lamentations 5:20; Ezekiel 8:18; 9:6; Hosea 9:12-17
cast
52:3; Psalms 51:11; Matthew 25:41; 2 Thessalonians 1:9

Verse 40
And I will bring an everlasting reproach upon you, and a perpetual shame, which shall not be forgotten.
20:11; 24:9; 42:18; 44:8-12; Deuteronomy 28:37; Ezekiel 5:14,15; Daniel 9:16; 12:2; Hosea 4:7


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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Jeremiah 23". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=jer&chapter=023>.  

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