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The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Chapter Overview
 
1Jeremiah, reproving the Jews' disobedience to the prophets,
8foretells the seventy years' captivity;
12and after that, the destruction of Babylon.
15Under the type of a cup of wine he foreshews the destruction of all nations.
34The howling of the shepherds.
 
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Chapter 25

Verse 1
The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the people of Judah in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, that was the first year of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon;


A. M. 3398. B.C. 606. in the
36:1; 46:2; 2 Kings 24:1,2; Daniel 1:1
the first
Nebuchadnezzar was associated with his father Nabopollasar two years before the death of the latter; and from this time the Jewish computation of Nebuchadnezzar's reign begins; that is, from the end of the third year of Jehoiakim; and therefore, according to them, the fourth year of Jehoiakim was the first year of Nebuchadnezzar. But the Babylonians date the commencement of his reign two years later, that is, on the death of his father; which computation is followed by Daniel, who wrote in Chaldee.

Verse 2
The which Jeremiah the prophet spake unto all the people of Judah, and to all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, saying,
18:11; 19:14,15; 26:2; 35:13; 38:1,2; Psalms 49:1,2; Mark 7:14-16

Verse 3
From the thirteenth year of Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah, even unto this day, that is the three and twentieth year, the word of the LORD hath come unto me, and I have spoken unto you, rising early and speaking; but ye have not hearkened.
thirteenth
1:2; 1 Kings 22:3; 2 Chronicles 34:3,8
rising
4; 7:13; 11:7; 29:19; 35:15; 44:4; Genesis 22:3; Exodus 8:20; Psalms 81:13; Isaiah 55:2; Mark 1:35; John 8:2,47; 2 Timothy 4:2

Verse 4
And the LORD hath sent unto you all his servants the prophets, rising early and sending them; but ye have not hearkened, nor inclined your ear to hear.
all
Urijah the son of Shemaiah, and Huldah the prophetess, lived about this time. Zephaniah also prophesied during part of the time; and it is probable that Habakkuk was contemporary with them.
rising
7:25; 11:7; 26:5; 29:19; 32:33; 35:14,15; 44:4,5; 2 Chronicles 36:15,16
ye
3,7; 7:24-26; 11:8-10; 13:10,11; 16:12; 17:23; 18:12; 19:15; 22:21; 36:31; Zechariah 7:11,12; Acts 7:51,52; Hebrews 12:25

Verse 5
They said, Turn ye again now every one from his evil way, and from the evil of your doings, and dwell in the land that the LORD hath given unto you and to your fathers for ever and ever:
Turn
18:11; 35:15; 2 Kings 17:13,14; Isaiah 55:6,7; Ezekiel 18:30; 33:11; Jonah 3:8-10; Zechariah 1:4,5; Luke 13:3-5; Acts 26:20; James 4:8-10
for
7:7; 17:25; Genesis 17:8; Psalms 37:27; 105:10,11

Verse 6
And go not after other gods to serve them, and to worship them, and provoke me not to anger with the works of your hands; and I will do you no hurt.
7:6,9; 35:15; Exodus 20:3,23; Deuteronomy 6:14; 8:19; 13:2; 28:14; Joshua 24:20; 1 Kings 11:4-10; 14:22; 2 Kings 17:35

Verse 7
Yet ye have not hearkened unto me, saith the LORD; that ye might provoke me to anger with the works of your hands to your own hurt.
that ye
7:18,19; 32:30-33; Deuteronomy 32:21; 2 Kings 17:17; 21:15; Nehemiah 9:26; Proverbs 8:36

Verse 9
Behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, saith the LORD, and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and will bring them against this land, and against the inhabitants thereof, and against all these nations round about, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, and an hissing, and perpetual desolations.
I
1:15; 5:15,16; 6:1,22-26; 8:16; Leviticus 26:25-46; Deuteronomy 28:45-50; Proverbs 21:1; Isaiah 5:26-30; 10:5; 39:7; Habakkuk 1:6-10
Nebuchadrezzar
27:6; 40:2; 43:10; Isaiah 13:3; 44:28; 45:1; Ezekiel 29:18-20
against
17-26; 27:3-8; Ezekiel 26:7; 29:19; 30:10,11
an astonishment
See on ch.
18:16; 24:9; 1 Kings 9:7,8

Verse 10
Moreover I will take from them the voice of mirth, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride, the sound of the millstones, and the light of the candle.
take from
Heb. cause to perish from.
Esther 3:13; 7:4; 8:11
voice of mirth
7:34; 16:9; 33:10,11; Isaiah 24:7-12; Ezekiel 26:13; Hosea 2:11; Revelation 18:22,23
the sound
Sir J. Chardin remarks, that in the East, every where in the morning may be heard the noise of the mills, which often awakens people; for they generally grind every day just as much as may be necessary for the day's consumption. Where, then, the noise of the mill is not heard in the morning, nor the light of the candle seen in the evening, there must be an utter desolation.
Ecclesiastes 12:2-4

Verse 11
And this whole land shall be a desolation, and an astonishment; and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years.
seventy
This prophecy was delivered in the fourth year of Jehoiakim, and began to be accomplished immediately; and it was exactly seventy years from this time to the proclamation of Cyrus for the return of the Jews.
12; 2 Chronicles 36:21,22; Isaiah 23:15-17; Daniel 9:2; Zechariah 1:12; 7:5

Verse 12
And it shall come to pass, when seventy years are accomplished, that I will punish the king of Babylon, and that nation, saith the LORD, for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans, and will make it perpetual desolations.
when
29:10; 2 Kings 24:1; Ezra 1:1,2; Daniel 9:2
that I
14; 50:1-51; Deuteronomy 32:35-42; Isaiah 13:1-14; 21:1-17; 46:1-47; Daniel 5:1-31; Habakkuk 2:1-20; Revelation 18:1-24
punish
Heb. visit upon. See on ch.
23:2
perpetual
50:3,13,23,39,40,45; 51:25,26,62-64; Isaiah 13:19; 14:23; 15:6; Isaiah 20:1-6; 47:1; Ezekiel 35:9

Verse 13
And I will bring upon that land all my words which I have pronounced against it, even all that is written in this book, which Jeremiah hath prophesied against all the nations.
hath
See on ch.
1:5,10; Daniel 5:28,31; Revelation 10:11

Verse 14
For <I>many
nations and great kings shall serve themselves of them also: and I will recompense them according to their deeds, and according to the works of their own hands.
many
27:7; 50:9,41; 51:6,27,28; Isaiah 14:2; 45:1-3; Daniel 5:28; Habakkuk 2:8-16
I
50:29-34; 51:6,20-27,35-41; Psalms 137:8; Isaiah 66:6; Revelation 18:20-24

Verse 15
For thus saith the LORD God of Israel unto me; Take the wine cup of this fury at my hand, and cause all the nations, to whom I send thee, to drink it.
Take
13:12-14; Job 21:20; Psalms 11:6; 75:8; Isaiah 51:17,22; Revelation 14:10,19
all

Verse 16
And they shall drink, and be moved, and be mad, because of the sword that I will send among them.
27; 51:7,39; Lamentations 3:15; 4:21; Ezekiel 23:32-34; Nahum 3:11; Revelation 14:8,10; Revelation 16:9-11; 18:3

Verse 17
Then took I the cup at the LORD'S hand, and made all the nations to drink, unto whom the LORD had sent me:
and made
28; 1:10; 27:3; 46:1-51; Ezekiel 43:3

Verse 18
To wit, Jerusalem, and the cities of Judah, and the kings thereof, and the princes thereof, to make them a desolation, an astonishment, an hissing, and a curse; as it is this day;
Jerusalem
1:10; 19:3-9; 21:6-10; Psalms 60:3; Isaiah 51:17-22; Ezekiel 9:5-8; Daniel 9:12; Amos 2:5; 3:2; 1 Peter 4:17
to make
9,11; 24:9; Joshua 6:18; 2 Kings 22:19
as it
44:22; 1 Kings 8:24; Ezra 9:7; Nehemiah 9:36

Verse 19
Pharaoh king of Egypt, and his servants, and his princes, and all his people;
Pharaoh
43:9-11; 46:2,13-26; Ezekiel 29:1-32; Nahum 3:8-10

Verse 20
And all the mingled people, and all the kings of the land of Uz, and all the kings of the land of the Philistines, and Ashkelon, and Azzah, and Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod,
the mingled
24; 50:37; Exodus 12:38; Ezekiel 30:5
Uz
Genesis 10:23; 22:21; 1 Chronicles 1:17; Job 1:1; Lamentations 4:21
Philistines
47:1-7; Ezekiel 25:15-17; Amos 1:6-8; Zephaniah 2:4-7; Zechariah 9:5-7
Ashkelon
1 Samuel 6:17
Askelon, Gaza
remnant.
Isaiah 20:1; Amos 1:8; Nehemiah 13:23-27

Verse 21
Edom, and Moab, and the children of Ammon,
Edom
27:3; 49:7-22; Psalms 137:7; Isaiah 34:1-17; 63:1-6; Lamentations 4:21,22; Ezekiel 25:12-14; 32:29; 35:1-15; Amos 1:11,12; Obadiah 1:1-16,18; Malachi 1:2-4
Moab
9:26; 48:1-47; Isaiah 15:1-16; 25:10; Ezekiel 25:8-11; Amos 2:1-3; Zephaniah 2:8-10
the
49:1-6; Ezekiel 25:2-7; Amos 1:13-15

Verse 22
And all the kings of Tyrus, and all the kings of Zidon, and the kings of the isles which are beyond the sea,
Tyrus
27:3; 47:4; Ezekiel 26:1-28; 29:18; Amos 1:9,10; Zechariah 9:2-4
Zidon
Ezekiel 28:22,23; 32:30; Joel 3:4-8
isles which are beyond the sea
or, region by the sea side.
49:23-27; Amos 1:3-5; Zechariah 9:1

Verse 23
Dedan, and Tema, and Buz, and all that are in the utmost corners,
Dedan
49:8; Genesis 10:7; 22:21; 25:15; 1 Chronicles 1:30; Job 6:19; Isaiah 21:13,14; Ezekiel 25:13; 27:20
in the utmost corners
Heb. cut off into corners, or having the corners of the hair polled.
9:26; 49:32

Verse 24
And all the kings of Arabia, and all the kings of the mingled people that dwell in the desert,
Arabia
1 Kings 10:15; 2 Chronicles 9:14; Isaiah 21:13; Ezekiel 27:21
the mingled
See on ver.
20; 49:28-33; 50:37; Genesis 25:2-4,12-16; 37:25-28; Ezekiel 30:5

Verse 25
And all the kings of Zimri, and all the kings of Elam, and all the kings of the Medes,
Zimri
Genesis 25:2
Zimran
Elam.
49:34-39; Genesis 10:22; 14:1; Isaiah 11:11; 22:6; Ezekiel 32:24; Daniel 8:2
Medes
51:11,28; Isaiah 13:17; Daniel 5:28

Verse 26
And all the kings of the north, far and near, one with another, and all the kingdoms of the world, which are upon the face of the earth: and the king of Sheshach shall drink after them.
all the kings
9; 50:9; Ezekiel 32:30
and the
51:41
drink
12; 50:1-51; Isaiah 13:1-14; 47:1-15; Daniel 5:1-31; Habakkuk 2:16; Revelation 18:1-24

Verse 27
Therefore thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Drink ye, and be drunken, and spue, and fall, and rise no more, because of the sword which I will send among you.
Drink
Isaiah 51:21; 63:6; Lamentations 4:21; Habakkuk 2:16
because
16; 12:12; 46:10,14; 47:6,7; 50:35; Deuteronomy 32:42; Ezekiel 21:4,5; 24:21-25

Verse 28
And it shall be, if they refuse to take the cup at thine hand to drink, then shalt thou say unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Ye shall certainly drink.
if
Job 34:33
Ye
4:28; 51:29; Isaiah 14:24-27; 46:10,11; Daniel 4:35; Acts 4:28; Ephesians 1:11

Verse 29
For, lo, I begin to bring evil on the city which is called by my name, and should ye be utterly unpunished? Ye shall not be unpunished: for I will call for a sword upon all the inhabitants of the earth, saith the LORD of hosts.
I begin
49:12; Proverbs 11:31; Ezekiel 9:6; 38:21; Obadiah 1:16; Luke 23:31; 1 Peter 4:17
which is called by my name
Heb. upon which my name is called.
1 Kings 8:43; Daniel 9:18,19; *margins
Ye shall
30:11; 46:28; Proverbs 11:21; 17:5
I will
Ezekiel 14:17,21; 38:21; Zechariah 13:7

Verse 30
Therefore prophesy thou against them all these words, and say unto them, The LORD shall roar from on high, and utter his voice from his holy habitation; he shall mightily roar upon his habitation; he shall give a shout, as they that tread the grapes, against all the inhabitants of the earth.
roar
Isaiah 42:13; Hosea 5:14; 13:7,8; Joel 2:11-13; 3:16; Amos 1:2; 3:8
his holy
17:12; Deuteronomy 26:15; 1 Kings 9:3; 2 Chronicles 30:27; Psalms 11:4; 58:5; 132:14; Zechariah 2:13
give
48:33; Psalms 78:65; Isaiah 16:9; Revelation 14:18-20; 19:15

Verse 31
A noise shall come even to the ends of the earth; for the LORD hath a controversy with the nations, he will plead with all flesh; he will give them that are wicked to the sword, saith the LORD.
A noise
The dreadful devastations made by the Chaldeans through all the nations of the East, and afterwards the destruction of Babylon by the Medes and Persians, are here primarily foretold in this awful language; but it also accords very much with the passages in which the ruin of all the anti- christian powers is evidently predicted.
45:5; Isaiah 34:8; Hosea 4:1; 12:2; Micah 6:2
plead
Isaiah 66:16; Ezekiel 20:35,36; 38:22; Joel 3:2

Verse 32
Thus saith the LORD of hosts, Behold, evil shall go forth from nation to nation, and a great whirlwind shall be raised up from the coasts of the earth.
evil
2 Chronicles 15:6; Isaiah 34:2; 66:18; Luke 21:10,25
and a
23:19; 30:23; Isaiah 5:28; 30:30; Zephaniah 3:8

Verse 33
And the slain of the LORD shall be at that day from one end of the earth even unto the other end of the earth: they shall not be lamented, neither gathered, nor buried; they shall be dung upon the ground.
the slain
18-26; 13:12-14; Isaiah 34:2-8; 66:16; Zephaniah 2:12; Revelation 14:19,20; Revelation 19:17-21
they shall not
See on ch.
8:2; 9:21,22; 16:4-7; Psalms 79:3; 83:10; Ezekiel 39:4-20; Revelation 11:9
they shall be
2 Kings 9:37; Isaiah 5:25

Verse 34
Howl, ye shepherds, and cry; and wallow yourselves in the ashes, ye principal of the flock: for the days of your slaughter and of your dispersions are accomplished; and ye shall fall like a pleasant vessel.
Howl
23,36; 4:8,9; Ezekiel 34:16; James 5:1,2
ye shepherds
Ye kings and chiefs of the people. wallow.
6:26; 48:26; Ezekiel 27:30,31
ye principal
Ezekiel 34:17,20
the days of your
Heb. your days for.
12; 27:7; 51:20-26; Isaiah 10:12; 33:1; Lamentations 4:21
ye shall
19:10-12; 22:28; Psalms 2:9; Isaiah 30:14
pleasant vessel
Heb. vessel of desire.
3:19; 2 Chronicles 36:10; Isaiah 2:16; Daniel 11:8; Amos 5:11; *margins

Verse 35
And the shepherds shall have no way to flee, nor the principal of the flock to escape.
the shepherds, etc
Heb. flight shall perish from the shepherds, and escaping from, etc.
32:4; 34:3; 38:18,23; Job 11:20; Isaiah 2:12-22; 24:21-23; Ezekiel 17:15,18; Daniel 5:30; Amos 2:14; 9:1; Revelation 6:14-17; 19:19-21
nor
48:44; 52:8-11,24-27; Amos 9:1-3

Verse 36
A voice of the cry of the shepherds, and an howling of the principal of the flock, shall be heard: for the LORD hath spoiled their pasture.
See on ver
34; 4:8

Verse 37
And the peaceable habitations are cut down because of the fierce anger of the LORD.
Isaiah 27:10,11; 32:14

Verse 38
He hath forsaken his covert, as the lion: for their land is desolate because of the fierceness of the oppressor, and because of his fierce anger.
hath
4:7; 5:6; 49:19; 50:44; Psalms 76:2; Hosea 5:14; 11:10; 13:7,8; Amos 8:8; Zechariah 2:3
desolate
Heb. a desolation.


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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Jeremiah 25". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/tsk/view.cgi?book=jer&chapter=025>.  

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